- For an article concerning the powers of courts and public authority, see jurisdiction.
Each state in a federation such as Australia, Germany and the United States forms a separate jurisdiction. However, sometimes certain laws in a federal state are uniform across the constituent states and enforced by a set of federal courts; with a result that the federal state forms a single jurisdiction for that purpose.
It is also possible for a jurisdiction to prosecute for crimes committed somewhere outside its jurisdiction, once the perpetrator returns. In some cases, a citizen of another jurisdiction outside its own can be extradited to where a jurisdiction where the crime is illegal, even if it was not committed in that jurisdiction.
Unitary states are usually single jurisdictions, but the United Kingdom is a notable exception; it has three separate jurisdictions due to its three separate legal systems. China also has separate jurisdictions of Hong Kong and Macao.
- For examples of usage of the word jurisdiction in this context, please see:
"State Corporate Admission Rules: Nevada: Rule 5.5 MJP/UPL Current". Association of Corporate Counsel. Retrieved 23 August 2010.
"2010 Illinois Rules of Professional Conduct: RULE 5.5 Unauthorized Practice of law
Multijurisdictional Practice of Law". Illinois Attorney Registration & Disciplinary Commission. Archived from the original on 23 July 2011. Retrieved 23 August 2010.
"Canada (Common Law Jurisdictions)". Declining Jurisdiction in Private International Law: Reports to the XIVth Congress of the International Academy of Comparative Law. Athens. August 1994. Retrieved 23 August 2010.
Acheson, Nicholas V.; Williamson, Arthur P. (January 2007). "Civil society in multi-level public policy: the case of Ireland's two jurisdictions". Policy & Politics. Policy Press. 35 (1): 25. doi:10.1332/030557307779657711. Retrieved 23 August 2010.
- "jurisdiction". West's Encyclopedia of American Law, Second Edition. thefreedictionary.com. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
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