Jungle Party

The Jungle Party (Persian: حزب جنگل, romanizedḤezb-e Jangal; also translated Forest Party)[4] was a secessionist[6] party active in northern Iran during 1940s. The party was founded by armed rebels[7] and some of Mirza Kuchik Khan's old associates[1] who tried to revive the Persian Socialist Soviet Republic created in 1921[2] and used its red flag as a symbol.[8] It allied with the Iran Party, Tudeh Party of Iran, Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan and Azerbaijani Democratic Party in 1946.[9]

Jungle Party
SecretaryEbrahim Rezazadeh Fakhraei[1]
Foundedlate 1941[2]
Dissolved1947[3]
HeadquartersRasht, Gilan, Iran[4]
IdeologySocialism[3]
Left-wing nationalism[3]
Political positionLeft-wing[3]
National affiliationUnited Front of Progressive Parties[5]
Party flag
Flag of Persian Socialist Soviet Republic.svg

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Pūr Aḥmad Jaktājī, Moḥammad-Taqī. "FAḴRĀʾĪ, EBRĀHĪM REŻĀZĀDA". In Yarshater, Ehsan (ed.). Encyclopædia Iranica. Bibliotheca Persica Press. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
  2. ^ a b Frank Tachau (1994). "Jungle Party". Political parties of the Middle East and North Africa. Greenwood Press. p. 158. ISBN 9780313266492.
  3. ^ a b c d Najleh Khandagh (Winter 2010). "The Political Parties in Iran between 1941-1947, with particular emphasis on the Left- wings Parties" (PDF). Geopolitics Quarterly. Iranian Association of Geopolitics. 6 (4): 154–166.
  4. ^ a b Elwell-Sutton, L. P. (January 1949). "Political Parties in Iran 1941-1948". Middle East Journal. Middle East Institute. 3 (1): 45–62. JSTOR 4322041.
  5. ^ Abrahamian, Ervand (1982). Iran Between Two Revolutions. Princeton University Press. pp. 301. ISBN 0-691-10134-5.
  6. ^ "Rastakhiz: The Iranian Resurgence Party". Indian Journal of Politics. Aligarh Muslim University. 17 (3–4): 83. 1983. Non-parliamentary secessionist category contaiaed the Jungle Party of Gilan, the Democratic Party of Azerbaijan, and the Kumaleh Party of Kuridstan
  7. ^ Abrahamian, Ervand (1982). Iran Between Two Revolutions. Princeton University Press. pp. 221. ISBN 0-691-10134-5.
  8. ^ Minahan, James (2002). "Gilakis". Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: D-K. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 666. ISBN 978-0-313-31617-3.
  9. ^ Haddad Adel, Gholamali; Elmi, Mohammad Jafar; Taromi-Rad, Hassan. "Iran Party". Political Parties: Selected Entries from Encyclopaedia of the World of Islam. EWI Press. p. 146. ISBN 9781908433022.