Juncus subnodulosus–Cirsium palustre fen-meadow
The Juncus subnodulosus–Cirsium palustre fen-meadow is a plant association characteristically found on damp ground in portions of western Europe. This type of fen-meadow appears to have co-evolved with human agriculture in Europe since the earlier Holocene.
The Juncus subnodulosus-Cirsium palustre fen-meadow association typically has the following species present:
- C. Michael Hogan. 2009. Marsh Thistle: Cirsium palustre, GlobalTwitcher.com, ed. N. Strömberg
- J.S. Rodwell. 1998. British Plant Communities 640 pages
- J.S. Rodwell. 1998. p. 227
- C. Michael Hogan. 2009