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July is the seventh month of the year (between June and August) in the Julian and Gregorian Calendars and the fourth of seven months to have a length of 31 days. It was named by the Roman Senate in honour of Roman general Julius Cæsar, it being the month of his birth. Prior to that, it was called Quintilis, being the fifth month of the 10-month calendar.

It is on average the warmest month in most of the Northern hemisphere, where it is the second month of summer, and the coldest month in much of the Southern hemisphere, where it is the second month of winter. The second half of the year commences in July. In the Southern hemisphere, July is the seasonal equivalent of January in the Northern hemisphere.

"Dog days" are considered to begin in early July in the Northern Hemisphere, when the hot sultry weather of summer usually starts. Spring lambs born in late winter or early spring are usually sold before 1 July.

July is the traditional period known as "fence month," the closed season for deer in England. The end of England's High Court of Justice Trinity Term takes place on 31 July. July is also the time in which the elections take place for the Japanese House of Councillors, held every three years and replacing half of its seats.

In Ancient Rome, the festival of Poplifugia was celebrated on 5 July, and Ludi Apollinares was held on 13 July and for several days afterwards. However, these dates do not correspond to the modern Gregorian calendar.



This list does not necessarily imply either official status nor general observance.

Fireworks in Washington, DC, to celebrate Independence Day on July 4

Month-long observancesEdit

Non-Gregorian observances: 2018 datesEdit

(Please note that all Baha'i, Islamic, and Jewish observances begin at the sundown prior to the date listed, and end at sundown of the date in question unless otherwise noted.)

Movable observances, 2017Edit

First Saturday: 1 JulyEdit

First Saturday and Sunday: 1-2JulyEdit

First Sunday: 2 JulyEdit

Sunday closest to 2 July: 2 JulyEdit

First full week in July: 2–8 JulyEdit

First Monday: 3 JulyEdit

Day after first Monday: 4 JulyEdit

5 July or following Monday if it's a weekend: 5 JulyEdit

First Friday: 7 JulyEdit

Second Sunday: 9 JulyEdit

Nearest Sunday to 11 July: 9 JulyEdit

Second Thursday: 13 JulyEdit

Third Sunday: 16 JulyEdit

Third Monday: 17 JulyEdit

Third Monday and Tuesday: 17–18 JulyEdit

Weekend of fourth Saturday: 22–23 JulyEdit

Fourth Sunday: 23 JulyEdit

Second to last Sunday: 23 JulyEdit

Fourth Thursday: 27 JulyEdit

Thursday before the first Monday in AugustEdit

Following FridayEdit

Fourth FridayEdit

Last FridayEdit

Last SaturdayEdit

Last Sunday: 30 JulyEdit

Movable Western Christian observances, 2018Edit

Movable Eastern Christian observances, 2018Edit

Fixed Gregorian observancesEdit

July symbolsEdit

See alsoEdit


External linksEdit