|Born||26 April 1841|
Prague, Austrian Empire
|Died||29 January 1901 (aged 59)|
|Notable works||Fantastické povídky|
Román o věrném přátelství Amise a Amila
Tři legendy o krucifixu
Radúz a Mahulena
Dům U tonoucí hvězdy
Večer u Idalie
Jan Maria Plojhar
Zeyer was born on 26 April 1841 in Prague. His mother, Elisabeth Eleonora (née Weisseles), came from a German Jewish-turned-Catholic family, and his father, Jan Zeyer, was a carpenter and timber merchant with relations to French (Alsatian) nobility. He was taught to speak Czech by his nanny. Growing up, he was expected to take over the family's factory but decided to study carpentering instead. All of his attempts at graduation from high school or university were unsuccessful.[clarification needed] He spent a significant portion of his life travelling across Europe and the East. In around 1877, he moved to Vodňany, where he spent over a decade focusing on his literary work. His last years were spent living in Prague.
Zeyer's prose and poems convey a sense of restlessness, nostalgy, mysticism, and gloominess, and generally feature tragic endings. He combined European and Eastern mythologies with themes particular to Czech society and history, and, similarly to the Decadents, often employed a blend of religious and erotic imagery. He was associated with the "Lumír" school, a circle of writers grouped around a magazine of the same name who were influenced by western-European, primarily French, literary currents.
Zeyer's epics, Vyšehrad (1880) and Karolinská epopej (1896), among others, draw from Czech and French legends respectively, and put bygone glory in contrast with Zeyer’s bleak present times. He was inspired by Czech, Russian, Irish, and French history, as well as Scandinavian myths. His novels generally follow characters seeking to realize their romanticized ideas of life, many of who only find peace in death. His semi-autobiographical novel Jan Maria Plojhar (1891) deals with the tragic nature of being an artist. His collection of three short stories, “Tři legendy o krucifixu” (1895), builds upon the story of Christ's crucifixion and explores themes of Czech Nationalism and the value of art. The first story, “Inultus”, explores the idea of an artist driven mad by her work. It follows an Italian sculptress as she attempts to create a realistic depiction of the crucifixion, eventually murdering her model, the titular character, in a fit of creative insanity.
Plot-wise, Zeyer’s dramatic works follow a similar pattern.
- Pynsent, R.B. (1973). Julius Zeyer: The Path to Decadence. Mouton. ISBN 9783112305270. Retrieved 6 March 2017.
- Naughton, James. "Czech Literature, 1774 to 1918". Oxford University. Archived from the original on 12 June 2012. Retrieved 19 October 2012.
- Bolton, Jonathan. "Zeyer, Julius". YIVO Encyclopedia of Jews in Eastern Europe. Retrieved 19 October 2012.
- Richter, Vaclav (16 August 2003). "Inultus - un conte pragois de Julius Zeyer". Radio Prague. Retrieved 19 October 2012.