Julius Carl Raschdorff

Julius Carl Raschdorff (2 July 1823 – 13 August 1914) was a German architect and academic teacher. He is considered one of the notable architects of the second half of the 19th century in Germany and created his most important work with the Berlin Cathedral.

Julius Carl Raschdorff (1905)

LifeEdit

Born in Pleß, after his Abitur in 1842 in Gliwice, Raschdorff studied at the Berlin Bauakademie from 1845 to 1853. From his appointment as 2nd city architect on 1 November 1854, he worked in Cologne until 1878. There, he had a considerable influence on the Urban development in Cologne [de] and renovated among others the Gürzenich [de] (1854–1859) and the town hall. From 1864, he was 1st city architect, but left office in 1872 to settle as a private architect. In 1856, Raschdorff gave a lecture on new building techniques at the Paris World Exhibition. Between 1876 and 1880, the Ständehaus [de] in Düsseldorf, which housed the Prussian Provinziallandtag [de] and later the Landtag of North Rhine-Westphalia, was built according to his plans. Raschdorff became professor of architecture at the Technical University of Berlin in 1878. In 1914, he became emeritus. Raschdorff designed over 220 buildings in Germany and neighbouring countries, of which about 100 were executed in 40 different locations. A bronze portrait of Raschdorff was created by Adolf Brütt in 1895 for the Berlin Cathedral, in which Brütt was just as involved as in the Kaiser-Friedrich-Mausoleum [de] (1888/1890) for Potsdam. In 1896, he received a large gold medal at the Große Berliner Kunstausstellung.

 
Grave site

He was laid to rest at the Dorotheenstädtischer Friedhof II [de] in an Ehrengrab of the city of Berlin.

His son Otto also became an architect and his closest collaborator.

WorkEdit

Buildings and designsEdit

 
Haus der Casino-Gesellschaft in Saarbrücken (Landtag des Saarlands)

In total, six churches, one synagogue, 17 school buildings, four university buildings, two museums, two libraries, four hospitals, one theatre, two town halls, seven railway stations, seven castles or palaces, 23 villas and ten residential and commercial buildings by Raschdorff are known to date.

DraftsEdit

In 1884, his competition design for the Museum Island development was awarded 4th prize alongside his son Otto Raschdorff (1854–1915).[4]

PublicationsEdit

  • Das Kaufhaus Gürzenich in Köln.[5] Berlin 1863.
  • Abbildungen deutscher Schmiedewerke. Berlin 1875–78 (short edition 1878).[1]
  • Entwürfe und Bauausführungen im Stil deutscher Renaissance. Berlin 1879.[1]
  • Die Hochbau-Ausfuehrungen des preußischen Staates. Toeche, Berlin 1880. (DTAW|raschdorff_hochbau_1880)
  • Abbildung deutscher Schmiedewerke. Verlag von Ernst & Korn, Berlin 1882.[6]
  • Palastarchitektur von Oberitalien und Toskana. Berlin 1883–88 (2nd part: Toskana, 3rd part: Venedig; als Fortsetzung des von Robert von Reinhardt begonnenen Werks).[1]
  • Ein Entwurf Kaiser Friedrichs zum Neubau des Doms und zur Vollendung des königlichen Schlosses in Berlin. Berlin 1888.
  • Baukunst der Renaissance. 4 volumes, Berlin 1880–90.[1]
  • Rheinische Holz- und Fachwerksbauten des 16. und 17. Jahrhunderts. Berlin 1895.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon (6. ed.). Leipzig/ Vienna: Bibliographisches Institut. 1909. Retrieved 7 July 2021.
  2. ^ Albert Ruppersberg: Geschichte der ehemaligen Grafschaft Saarbrücken. Geschichte der Städte Saarbrücken und St. Johann 1815–1909, der Stadt Malstatt-Burbach und der vereinigten Stadt Saarbrücken bis zum Jahre 1914. Vol.III, Teilband 2, 2nd edition, Saarbrücken 1914, p. 99.
  3. ^ Olga Sonntag: Villen am Bonner Rheinufer 1819–1914. Bouvier, Bonn 1998, ISBN 3-416-02618-7, volume 3, catalog (2), pp. 126–131. (in the same time dissertation, Bonn University, 1994)
  4. ^ "Zweiter Preis für den Entwurf Museumsinsel"., in Zentralblatt der Bauverwaltung [de], Nr. 15, 12 April 1884, p. 143, retrieved 7 July 2021.
  5. ^ Das Kaufhaus Gürzenich in Cöln : Nach seinem Umbau dargestellt von J. Raschdorff. Mit 20 Tafeln in Kupferstichen und Lithographie und 1 Tafel in reichem Farbendruck. on WorldCat
  6. ^ Annonce, Anzeiger zum Zentralblatt der Bauverwaltung, 28 December 1882, p. 3., retrieved 7 July 2021.

Further readingEdit

  • Michael Bollé (2003), "Raschdorff, Julius Carl", Neue Deutsche Biographie (in German), 21, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 155–156; (full text online)
  • Klaus Peters: Leben und Werk des Architekten Julius Carl Raschdorff. (1823–1914). Universität Hannover – Institut für Geschichte und Theorie im FB Architektur, Hannover 2004, ISBN 3-931585-13-1. (Schriften des Institutes für Bau- und Kunstgeschichte der Universität Hannover, vol. 14.)
  • Uwe Kieling: Berlin. Bauten und Baumeister. Von der Gotik bis 1945. Berlin-Edition, Berlin 2003, ISBN 3-8148-0095-8.
  • Julius Carl Raschdorff: Aufzeichnungen aus dem Leben und Schaffen des Architekten Professor J. C. Raschdorff. Vaterländische Verlagsanstalt, Berlin 1903.

External linksEdit