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Juliet Gardiner (born 24 June 1943) is a British historian and a commentator on British social history from Victorian times through to the 1950s. She is a former editor of History Today magazine, a Research Fellow at the Institute of Historical Research of the School of Advanced Study at the University of London, an Honorary Fellow at the Institute for Advanced Studies in the Humanities and at the University of Edinburgh. She has taught at Middlesex University and Oxford Brookes University. Gardiner has also worked as a publisher for Weidenfeld & Nicolson. Since 2001 she has been a full-time writer.
Provenance and early yearsEdit
In her autobiography Gardiner writes that she was born to an unmarried mother, identified as "Olivia" from Italy. At the age of two she was adopted by a Hemel Hempstead sanitary inspector called Charles Wells and his wife Dolly. Her new parents renamed her "Gillian".
Her books include Wartime: Britain 1939-1945 (Headline, 2004) which recounts the history of the Home Front during World War II. Gardiner also wrote the books to accompany the Channel 4 television series The 1940s House (2000) and The Edwardian Country House (2002), and three books linked to exhibitions at London's Imperial War Museum, From the Bomb to the Beatles (1999), The Children's War: The Second World War Through the Eyes of the Children of Britain (2005) and The Animals' War: Animals in Wartime from the First World War to the Present Day (2006). Gardiner was also the editor of Who's Who in British History (2000, Collins & Brown), the "History Today" Companion to British History (1996, Collins & Brown) with Neil Wenborn and The Penguin Dictionary of British History (2000). She acted as historical consultant to the film of Atonement, and is a frequent broadcaster on radio and television, a reviewer and a contributor to the national press, including The Sunday Times, Sunday Telegraph, Financial Times, The Guardian and BBC History.
Gardiner's book on 1930s Britain, The Thirties: An Intimate History, was published by HarperCollins in 2009. Its purpose was, as Gardiner herself has explained, to take the structure of the 1930s, formed over the years by political and economic historians, and "fill in as many details as possible" about how people lived their lives during that period.
In 2012, Gardiner wrote and presented a series for BBC Radio 4 entitled The History of the Future a series of ten programmes exploring how cultures of the past viewed the possibilities of the future.
In the first part of 1961 she married George Gardiner, a British Conservative Party politician and journalist. During the next couple of years she stopped being "Gillian" and became "Juliet". She would later describe being married to a Conservative politician as being "like a vicar's wife who doesn't believe in God". There were three recorded children, but in 1980 the marriage ended in divorce.
- "Birthdays". The Guardian. Guardian Media. 24 June 2014. p. 35.
- Home page at University of Edinburgh School of Languages, Literatures and Cultures Archived 21 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine Centre for the History of the Book
- Valerie Grove. "Joining the Dots: A Woman in Her Time by Juliet Gardiner (book review)". Oldie Publications Ltd., London. Retrieved 21 February 2018.
- The British edition was published in 2009. Juliet Gardiner, The Thirties: An Intimate History, London: Harper Press, 2010. ISBN 978-0-00-724076-0
- Juliet Gardiner in History Today, April 2010
- BBC Radio 4. "The History of the Future". BBC. Retrieved 18 September 2012.
- "Index entry". FreeBMD. ONS. Retrieved 21 February 2018.
- Gardiner, Sir George (Arthur). Who's Who. A & C Black, London. 2001. p. 752.