Julie (1956 film)
Julie is a 1956 film noir written and directed by Andrew L. Stone and starring Doris Day, Louis Jourdan and Barry Sullivan. The film is among the earliest to feature the subplot of a stewardess piloting an aircraft to safety, later used in Airport 1975 (1975) and parodied in Airplane! (1980). Julie is also notable for being technically accurate in its use of contemporary aviation technology.
|Directed by||Andrew L. Stone|
|Written by||Andrew L. Stone|
|Produced by||Martin Melcher|
|Cinematography||Fred Jackman Jr.|
|Edited by||Virginia L. Stone|
|Music by||Leith Stevens, Tom Adair, Leonard Pennario|
|Box office||$2.6 million|
A former stewardess, widow Julie Benton (Doris Day), flying for "Amalgamated Airlines" is terrorized by her insanely jealous second husband, Lyle (Louis Jourdan). It becomes a life-or-death matter after friend Cliff Henderson (Barry Sullivan) relays his suspicions to Julie that her first husband's death may not have been a suicide.
She pretends that she would have fallen for Lyle even if her first husband had still been alive, and Lyle confesses the murder to her. Julie flees with Cliff's help, but police are unable to arrest Lyle without proof.
Julie and Cliff hire a car and drive north to San Francisco where Julie changes her identity, and returns to her former job with the airline. Lyle has a confrontation with Cliff, Lyle shoots him and learns where Julie can be found.
With police in pursuit, Julie is warned that Lyle may be on her flight. She spots him, but Lyle pulls a gun on her, then kills the pilot before being shot himself. Julie is "talked down" receiving instructions on how to fly the aircraft. She does so successfully, and her nightmare comes to an end.
- Doris Day as Julie Benton
- Louis Jourdan as Lyle Benton
- Barry Sullivan as Cliff Henderson
- Frank Lovejoy as Det. Lt. Pringle
- Jack Kelly as Jack (co-pilot)
- Ann Robinson as Valerie
- Barney Phillips as Doctor on Flight 36
- Jack Kruschen as Det. Mace
- John Gallaudet as Det. Sgt. Cole
- Carleton Young as Airport Control Tower Official
- Hank Patterson as Ellis
- Ed Hinton as Captain of Flight 36
- Harlan Warde as Det. Pope
- Aline Towne as Denise Martin
- Eddie Marr as Airline Official
- Joel Marston as Garage Mechanic
- Mae Marsh as Hysterical Passenger
The movie's working title was If I Can't Have You. Stone's signing was announced in January 1956.
Arwin Productions was the production firm recently formed by Day and her husband Martin Melcher.
The aircraft in Julie were Douglas R5D-1/3 Skymaster four-engined cargo and passenger airliners from Transocean Air Lines, a charter company based at Oakland International Airport, (San Francisco).[N 1]
The soundtrack includes music by three composers. The song "Midnight on the Cliffs" by pianist/composer Leonard Pennario, is repeatedly heard as Doris Day frantically attempts to avoid being murdered by Louis Jourdan. The song "Dream Rhapsody", also by Pennario, is based on themes taken directly from the Symphony in D minor by Cesar Franck.
According to MGM records, Julie earned $1,415,000 in the US and Canada and $1,185,000 elsewhere resulting in a profit of $604,000.
Aviation film historian Stephen Pendo in Aviation in the Cinema (1985) described Julie as a "minor film."
Film critic Dennis Schwartz, gave Julie a mixed review, writing, "Improbable crime thriller about a woman-in-peril, that is too uneven to be effective; the banal dialogue is the final killer. ... Doris Day, to her credit, gives it her best shot and tries to take it seriously even when the melodrama moves way past the point of just being ridiculous. Later disaster movies stole some of those airplane landing scenes."
In a contemporaneous review, New York Times critic Bosley Crowther panned the film, writing, "Let's say the whole thing is contrivance and the acting is in the same vein. Miss Day wrings her hands and looks frantic not so much because she feels it as because she gets her cues." Of Andrew Stone's direction, Crowther went on to say, "...it is quite clear that Mr. Stone set out to keep the heroine under menace all the way, no matter how coldly calculated or improbable that might be."
The Washington Evening Star summed up the film as "a movie that leaves audiences more in the debt of the cameraman and Andrew Stone's freewheeling direction than anyone else....Quite irrationally, most of the way, it relates the story of a freckled blond girl who discovers she has married a lethally jealous concert pianist. This chap...is one with whom a girl could be relaxed only on a desert island where she would meet no other male, including a barracuda."
- To bring the airliner down safely to a landing, Transocean Air Lines pilots Bill Keating and Royal Minson taught Doris Day to handle the controls in a realistic way.
- "The Eddie Mannix Ledger." Margaret Herrick Library, Center for Motion Picture Study, Los Angeles, 2019.
- "Domestic take; Top Grosses of 1957". Variety, January 8, 1958, p. 30.
- Paris 1995, p. 203.
- Santoir, Christian. "Review: 'Julie'. Aeromovies, 2019. Retrieved: May 12, 2019.
- Drama: Andrew Stone to Direct Doris Day in Thriller; Laraine Day Plays Juror Scheuer, Philip K. Los Angeles Times 5 Jan 1956: B11.
- Pryor, Thomas M. "Doris Day Signed for 2 New Films." New York Times, 19 March 1956.
- Pendo 1985, p. 281.
- Schwartz, Dennis. "Film review: 'Julie'." Archived January 1, 2011, at the Wayback MachineOzus' World Movie Reviews, June 6, 2005. Retrieved:: July 5, 2013.
- Crowther, Bosley (November 22, 1956). "Screen: Woes of 'Julie'". The New York Times. p. 51.
- Carmody, Jay. "To a Girl Like Doris An Airliner's A Toy." Washington Evening Star, 7 December 1956.
- Wilson 2005, p. 175.
- "Awards: 'Julie'." IMDb, 2019. Retrieved: May 12, 2019.
- Paris, Michael. From the Wright Brothers to Top Gun: Aviation, Nationalism, and Popular Cinema. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press, 1995. ISBN 978-0-7190-4074-0.
- Pendo, Stephen. Aviation in the Cinema. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, 1985. ISBN 0-8-1081-746-2.
- Wilson, John. The Official Razzie Movie Guide: Enjoying the Best of Hollywood's Worst. New York: Grand Central Publishing, 2005. ISBN 0-446-69334-0.