Julian John James McGauran (born 5 March 1957), Australian politician, was a member of the Australian Senate, representing the state of Victoria. Elected as a member of the National Party, he resigned from the Nationals and joined the Liberal Party of Australia in February 2006. His brother, Peter McGauran, was the National member for Gippsland until 2008, and was Minister for Agriculture in the Howard government.
|Senator for Victoria|
11 July 1987 – 30 June 1990
1 July 1993 – 30 June 2011
|Born||5 March 1957|
Traralgon, Victoria, Australia
|Relations||Peter McGauran (brother)|
|Alma mater||Monash University|
Background and early careerEdit
McGauran attended Xavier College in Kew, Melbourne. Before attending university he worked in the stables for racehorse trainer Bart Cummings at Flemington Racecourse. At Monash University he obtained a Bachelor of Economics, then becoming a Certified Practising Accountant and then a company director for the McGauran Group of Companies, and a board member of the Victorian Employers' Chamber of Commerce and Industry between 1986 and 1988. He was elected to the Melbourne City Council 1985-88, representing the Central Business District.
During his time at the Council McGauran called for the popular vote of the Lord Mayor of Melbourne, instead of the traditional means of selection by fellow councillor, in an attempt to curtail the "invariable cronyism" of the Melbourne City Council at the time.
McGauran won National Party preselection for a Senate seat in the 1987 double-dissolution election, and was subsequently elected. Following the announcement of the election results, other Senators negotiated, against McGauran's objections, to allocate him a three-year rather than a six-year Senate term.
In 1990 due to the circumstances of an historic agreement forming a Coalition Senate ticket he was required to step out of Parliament for three years. In 1993 he was re-elected to the Senate on the Coalition Senate ticket.
On 2 November 1989 McGauran introduced the End of War List (Private Members Bill) into the Senate. The Bill was passed unanimously in the Senate, and was aimed at recognising the "unsung heroes" of the Vietnam War. Although it was unsuccessful in the House of Representatives at the time, in 1999 the Howard Government did establish the War List and more than 80 Vietnam Vets have been honoured for their acts of bravery since this time.
Diagnosed with malaria following a trek along the Kokoda Trail, McGauran ignored doctor’s orders and flew to Canberra to speak on the controversial Euthanasia Laws 1996 Bill – supporting the Bill to overturn Northern Territory legislation legalising euthanasia. The debate saw the bill narrowly passed in the Senate. The following day he collapsed in his Melbourne office and spent the next week recovering in hospital.
In November 2000 McGauran called for an inquiry into an incident at the Royal Women’s Hospital where an abortion was performed on a 32-week-old fetus. He argued a possible breach of the Victorian Crimes Act which creates an offence of child destruction after 28 weeks gestation had occurred. After years of public debate and argument, the issue was investigated by the Medical Practitioners Board of Victoria.
In 2001 McGauran became the first Federal MP to join the Australian Army as part of the Federal Government's MP exchange program. He Joined 2RAR on exercise at Jimma training base in Queensland. McGauran documented his experience in a diary later published.
Before the 2004 election, McGauran faced a pre-selection challenge from three party members, including a former staffer to Trade Minister Mark Vaile. McGauran retained National Party pre-selection after media reports suggested the federal coalition agreement would be endangered if he lost, and thus gained the guaranteed second position on the joint Liberal-National ticket and was re-elected.
On 11 August, after the Liberal-National Coalition narrowly won a vote in the Senate, he gave the finger to Labor Party senators on the floor of the Senate in response to comments. This prompted calls from Labor senators and Greens Senator Bob Brown that he be sacked as Deputy Government Whip in the Senate. Senate President Paul Calvert ruled that the gesture was "unseemly but not obscene."
In 2004 the McGauran family bankrolled the Democratic Labor Party’s High Court challenge against the Australian Electoral Commission which was forcing the political party under threat of deregistration to disclose party membership details.
Although the legal challenge was unsuccessful, the DLP survived, largely due to the support of Julian McGauran, who commented, “We had a serious interest in the outcome of the case, and our heart was with the DLP. I wouldn’t want to see them fade away.”
In 2005 McGauran was accused of releasing to The Age newspaper the private patient records of a woman who had had an abortion, in breach of a Supreme Court suppression order; however, he denies this accusation. The then Victoria Health Minister, Bronwyn Pike, is quoted in the article as saying that McGauran was "exploiting this woman in pursuit of his own ideological agenda", describing the act as an assault on the doctor-patient relationship.
On 23 January 2006 McGauran announced that he was resigning from the National Party and would apply to join the Liberal Party. He said there was no longer any significant policy difference between the Nationals and Liberals in Victoria at a federal level, and that he would be best able to represent rural Victorians as a member of the Liberal Party. His application was accepted by the Liberals on 3 February.
Rumours abounded that Liberal deputy leader and Treasurer Peter Costello, himself a Victorian, lobbied McGauran to switch parties. However, Costello and Howard denied this. Nonetheless, federal Nationals leader Mark Vaile condemned McGauran's defection as a betrayal while state Nationals leader Peter Ryan claimed that McGauran would be "treated and reviled" as a deserter "for the rest of his days." One of the few Liberals who didn't welcome McGauran to the party was former Victorian premier Jeff Kennett, who called it "a gross act of disloyalty." McGauran's defection highlighted the historically strained relationship between the non-Labor parties in Victoria. The Liberals and Nationals sat separately for most of the second half of the 20th century; while they governed as a Coalition under Kennett, they had gone their separate ways after their shock defeat in 2002.
In 2009 McGauran was the first to speak up against the Liberal policy supporting the Government's Emissions Trading Scheme. He said he would not vote for the scheme in any form, in defiance of the then-Liberal leader Malcolm Turnbull.
In April 2010 McGauran, a long time campaigner on censorship issues, called for the sacking of the Australian Classification Board Chairman for the Board's release of the formerly banned film Salò, or the 120 Days of Sodom by Pier Paolo Pasolini. McGauran described the movie as "a paedophile's treat" and a "handbook for deviants".
On 12 May 2011 The Age newspaper reported that "Senator Julian McGauran has accused Professor Graham Burrows of giving concocted evidence at the trial of Arthur Freeman, the man serving a life sentence for the murder of his daughter Darcey." The Age reported on McGauran's speech in the Australian Senate, saying "Senator McGauran said defence lawyers used Professor Burrows as a 'gun for hire' and 'psychiatrist of last resort' and one who will sing whatever song the defence wants".
On 21 June 2011 McGauran delivered his valedictory speech to the Senate. He referred to his recent performances as an extra in Opera Australia's season of The Pearl Fishers, saying "That is the thrill of politics: it is an opera. I hope I played it well. So now I leave the stage and the curtain must fall." 
McGauran now works as a religion and ethics teacher at Ivanhoe Girls' Grammar School. He also helps run the Ivanhoe Girls' politics club.
- Herald, 25 June 1986
- "Rotation of Senators" (PDF). Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). Commonwealth of Australia: Senate. 17 September 1987. pp. 194–213.
- "Parliament of Australia: Senate: Publications: Odgers' Guide to Australian Senate Practice - Eleventh Edition - Appendix". 31 December 2004. Archived from the original on 31 December 2004.
- "Vietnam End of War List - Australian Awards to Service Personnel". www.vvaa.org.au.
- McGauran delivers final Senate speech, Crikey, June 22, 2011
- Senate Hansard, 20 March 1997 11:22pm Euthanasia Laws Bill 1996, Second Reading
- The Daily Telegraph, 27/03/1997 pg21
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 January 2011. Retrieved 28 January 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Hospital ordered to hand over abortion files". 29 June 2005.
- Sunday Herald Sun, 8 July 2001
- The Sunday Herald Sun, 15/07/2001, pg12-13
- "McGauran escapes punishment for gesture". The Age. 12 August 2005.]
- "DLP resurrects itself in fight for Senate seats - Election 2004 - www.theage.com.au". www.theage.com.au.
- "Row grows in late-term abortion case - National - theage.com.au". www.theage.com.au.
- "Liberals accept Julian McGauran - Herald Sun".
- PM denies Liberals poached McGauran The Age, 24 January 2006
- Grattan, Michelle (24 September 2009). "Liberal will go his own way on climate". The Age.
- Michael Harvey, Herald Sun 17/4/10
- ABC News Online Senate result confirms Fielding's defeat. Retrieved 11 May 2011.
- Milovanovic, Selma (11 May 2011). "Expert witness in Freeman case should be sacked: MP". The Age.
- "Senate Hansard" (PDF).