Julian Cayo-Evans

William Edward Julian Cayo-Evans (22 April 1937 – 28 March 1995) was a Welsh political activist and one time leader of the radical political group Free Wales Army.[1][2]

Julian Cayo-Evans
William Edward Julian Cayo-Evans

(1937-04-22)22 April 1937
Silian, Ceredigion, Wales, United Kingdom
Died28 March 1995(1995-03-28) (aged 57)
Silian, Ceredigion, Wales, United Kingdom
OccupationPolitical activist
Known forLeader of the Free Wales Army


Born at 'Glandenys', Silian, near Lampeter, where he also died, Cayo-Evans was educated at the independent, co-educational Millfield School in the village of Street in Somerset, England.[2] His father was John Cayo Evans, a professor of mathematics at St David's College, Lampeter and High Sheriff of Cardiganshire in the year 1941–42.[2][3] In 1955, he was conscripted for National Service, serving with the South Wales Borderers[2] and saw active service, fighting Communist guerrillas in Malaya during the bitter Malayan emergency.[4] On his return, he attended the Royal Agricultural College in Cirencester, before returning to Lampeter to breed palomino and appaloosa horses on his stud farm.[2]

He married Gillianne Mary Davies in 1965. They had three children and divorced in 1975.[citation needed]

Political activismEdit

Best known as a leader of the Free Wales Army, Cayo-Evans appears to have become inspired during the early 1960s, especially during the building of the Tryweryn reservoir.[1] He was 'active' in the FWA during the 1960s and along with two other members of the FWA, Dennis Coslett and Gethyn Ap Iestyn (aka Gethin ap Gruffydd), was convicted of conspiracy to cause explosions and other public order offences following a 53-day trial in 1969. He was subsequently sentenced to fifteen months imprisonment[5] (n.b. some sources suggest thirteen months).

Security services' files from the UK National Archives described Cayo-Evans having "a mental age of 12", and Coslett, his second-in-command, as "unbalanced". The documents said that authorities[which?] did not regard the Free Wales Army as a serious threat at the time.[6]

In popular cultureEdit

In 2000, the brewery Tomos Watkin renamed the Apollo Hotel, Cardiff to "The Cayo Arms".[7]

In March 2008, Anhrefn Records released (on Anrhefn 018) a recording of Cayo-Evans playing his accordion and talking between songs, mainly introducing them. The album is titled Marching songs of the Free Wales Army.


  1. ^ a b Lyn Ebenezer. "Cayo Evans" (in Welsh). BBC Cymru.
  2. ^ a b c d e Tony Heath (31 May 1995). "Obituary: Julian Cayo Evans". The Independent. Retrieved 23 October 2010.
  3. ^ "Evans, John Cayo". Who Was Who. Oxford University Press. December 2007. Retrieved 7 March 2009.
  4. ^ "Julian Cayo Evans". Welsh Heroes.
  5. ^ "Julian Cayo Evans". BBC Wales. 28 December 2006.
  6. ^ WalesOnline (30 March 2005). "Cayo Evans? His mental age is 'about 12 years'". walesonline. Retrieved 11 June 2020.
  7. ^ Geoffrey Gibbs (6 July 2000). "Tory anger over Welsh pub name". The Guardian.

External linksEdit