Harold Julian Amery, Baron Amery of Lustleigh, PC (27 March 1919 – 3 September 1996), was a British politician of the Conservative Party, who served as a Member of Parliament (MP) for 39 of the 42 years between 1950 and 1992. He was appointed to the Privy Council in 1960.
The Lord Amery of Lustleigh
Julian Amery, 1965
|Minister of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs|
5 November 1972 – 4 March 1974
|Prime Minister||Edward Heath|
|Sec. of State||Sir Alec Douglas-Home|
|Preceded by||Joseph Godber|
|Succeeded by||David Ennals|
|Minister for Housing and Construction|
15 October 1970 – 5 November 1972
|Prime Minister||Edward Heath|
|Preceded by||Office established|
|Succeeded by||Paul Channon|
|Minister of Public Buildings and Works|
23 June 1970 – 14 October 1970
|Preceded by||John Silkin|
|Succeeded by||Office abolished|
|Member of Parliament|
for Preston North
23 February 1950 – 31 March 1966
|Preceded by||Constituency created|
|Succeeded by||Ronald Atkins|
|Member of Parliament|
for Brighton Pavilion
27 March 1969 – 9 April 1992
|Preceded by||Sir William Teeling|
|Succeeded by||Derek Spencer|
|Born||27 March 1919|
|Died||3 September 1996(aged 77)|
|Alma mater||Balliol College, Oxford|
|Battles/wars||Second World War|
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He was created a life peer upon his retirement from the House of Commons in 1992. For three decades, he was a leading figure in the Conservative Monday Club. He was the son-in-law of Conservative prime minister Harold Macmillan.
Early and family lifeEdit
Amery's father was Leo Amery, a British statesman and Conservative politician. His brother, John, was hanged for treason having pleaded guilty to making recruitment efforts and propaganda broadcasts for Nazi Germany.
Amery was educated at Eaton House, Summer Fields School, Eton College and Balliol College, Oxford. While an undergraduate, he had a brief romance with the novelist Barbara Pym, who was some years his senior.
Marriage and childrenEdit
On 26 January 1950, he married Catherine Macmillan (died 1991), daughter of Harold Macmillan. The couple had one son, Leo Amery, a stained glass artist, and three daughters: Caroline Louise Michelle Amery (born 1951), Theresa Catherine Roxane Amery (born 1954), and Alexandra Elizabeth Charmian Amery (born 1956).
Before the Second World War started, Amery was a war correspondent in the Spanish Civil War and later an attaché for the British Foreign Office in Belgrade. After the war began, he joined the RAF as a sergeant in 1940 then was commissioned and transferred to the British Army on the General List in 1941, reaching the rank of Captain.
He spent 1941–42 in the eastern Mediterranean (the Middle East, Malta, Yugoslavia) and served as Liaison Officer to the Albanian Resistance Movement in 1943–44 ("The Musketeers": Captain Julian Amery, Major David Smiley and Lieutenant-Colonel Neil McLean). The following year, Amery went to China to work with General Carton de Wiart, then Prime Minister's Personal Representative to Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek. Amery became a close friend of King Zog of Albania and described him as "the cleverest man I have ever met".
Amery won a Parliamentary seat in the first general election held after he returned to civilian life, in 1950. He was elected as Conservative MP for Preston North, going on to hold a number of government offices, all in governments led by his father-in-law, now the Prime Minister. He began with two Under-Secretaryships of State: for War (1957–58) and for the Colonies (1958–60). He was promoted to Secretary of State for Air (1960–62), followed by a promotion to the post of Minister of Aviation (1962–64). In this role, Amery played a major role in developing the supersonic passenger service known as Concorde.
Amery lost his seat in 1966, but was elected again in 1969 for Brighton Pavilion, a seat he would hold until 1992 when he retired. On 8 July 1992, he was created a life peer as Baron Amery of Lustleigh, of Preston in the County of Lancashire and of Brighton in the County of East Sussex.
Under the Heath administration, Amery held three ministerial posts: Minister for Public Works (1970), Minister for Housing and Construction (1970–72) and Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (1972–74).
For 30 years, Julian Amery was an active member and later a Patron of the Conservative Monday Club, where he became friendly with General Sir Walter Walker, subsequently writing the foreword for Walker's anti-Soviet book, The Next Domino.
He was Guest of Honour at the Club's Annual Dinner at the Cutlers' Hall in 1963. In 1965, he wrote the foreword for Club activist Geoffrey Stewart-Smith's book, No Vision Here. On May Day 1970, he was one of the Club's principal speakers at their 'Law and Liberty' rally in Trafalgar Square, held in answer to the 'Stop the Seventy Tour' campaign, designed to stop the South African cricket tour.
Julian Amery was the Monday Club's Guest-of-Honour at their Annual Dinner held at the Savoy Hotel, London, in January 1974 and again at the dinner at the end of the Club's two-day Conference in Birmingham in March 1975.
Amery was in favour of entry to the European Common Market and also of the nuclear deterrent. Both caused some discord between himself and his old friend Enoch Powell. He was, however, regarded by most as an imperialist.
In early 1975, he took part in a House of Commons debate on the Trades Unions Congress's invitation to Alexander Shelepin, the former Soviet KGB Chief, to visit Britain. He stated that "more and more people are beginning to look upon the TUC as a Communist-penetrated show and this invitation must strengthen that view."
According to Margaret Thatcher's 1995 memoir, The Path to Power, when Harold Wilson's Labour government proposed devolution for Scotland in 1976, "Julian Amery and Maurice Macmillan proved effective leaders of the anti-devolution Tory camp."
Although he was Harold Macmillan's son-in-law, he failed to defend him when Count Nikolai Tolstoy published The Minister and the Massacres in 1986, focusing the ultimate burden of blame sharply on Macmillan for the 1945 Bleiburg repatriations and the Cossack repatriations. Amery stated that the repatriations were "one of the few blots on Harold that I can think of".
Styles of addressEdit
"The prosperity of our people rests really on the oil in the Persian Gulf, the rubber and tin of Malaya, and the gold, copper and precious metals of South- and Central Africa. As long as we have access to these; as long as we can realize the investments we have there; as long as we trade with this part of the world, we shall be prosperous. If the communists [or anyone else] were to take them over, we would lose the lot. Governments like Colonel Nasser's in Egypt are just as dangerous."
- "Supermac: the life of Harold Macmillan". London, UK: Pimlico. 2011. p. 21. ISBN 9781844135417. OCLC 751719981.
- Faber, David. Speaking for England
- Amery, Julian, Approach March: a Venture in Autobiography. Hutchinson, 1973
- "No. 52988". The London Gazette. 13 July 1992. p. 11759.
- cf.Heffer, 189; 324
- The 1001 Club Archived 1 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine
- Copping, Robert, The Story of The Monday Club – The First Decade, April 1972 (P/B); and The Monday Club – Crisis and After (Foreword by John Biggs-Davison, M.P.), May 1975, (P/B), pps:12 & 24, published by the Current Affairs Information Service.
- Amery, Julian, M.P., et al., Rhodesia and the Threat to the West Monday Club, London, 1976 (P/B).
- Gash, Norman, with Donald Southgate, David Dilks, and John Ramsden; introduction by Lord Butler, K.G.,P.C., The Conservatives – A History of their Origins to 1965 London, 1977, pps:268-9. ISBN 0-04-942157-3
- Amery, Julian, PC, MP, The Next Four Years, in the Primrose League Gazette, vol.87, no.4, October 1983, London.
- Amery, Julian, MP, The Rt. Hon., Facing up to Soviet Imperialism, in the Monday Club's October 1985 Conservative Party Conference issue of their newspaper, Right Ahead.
- Horne, Alistair, Macmillan, 1894–1956, (volume 1 of the official biography), London, 1988/9, ISBN 0-333-27691-4, pps: 81, 253, 275, 326, 388, 441.
- Messina, Anthony M, Race and Party Competition in Britain, Oxford, 1989, p. 138, ISBN 0-19-827534-X
- Dod's Parliamentary Companion 1991, 172 edition, East Sussex, p. 394, ISBN 0-905702-17-4
- Clark, Alan, The Tories – Conservatives and The Nation State, London, 1998, pps: 324-5, ISBN 0-297-81849-X
- Heffer, Simon, Like the Roman: The Life of Enoch Powell, London, 1998, ISBN 0-297-84286-2
- Weale, Adrian, Patriot Traitors – Roger Casement & John Amery, London, 2001, ISBN 0-670-88498-7
- Faber, David, Speaking for England, London, 2005, ISBN 0-7432-5688-3
- Stephen Dorril MI6: Inside the Covert World of Her Majesty's Secret Intelligence Service – The Free Press – New York – 2000 (ISBN 0-7432-0379-8).
- Colonel David Smiley Albanian Assignment Chatto & Windus, London, 1984. Foreword by Sir Patrick Leigh Fermor. SOE in Albania (1943–44).
- Colonel David Smiley Arabian Assignment Cooper, London, 1975. MI6 – Oman and Yemen.
- Colonel David Smiley Irregular regular Michael Russell, Norwich, 1994 (ISBN 0 85955 202 0). Translated in French, Au coeur de l'action clandestine. Des Commandos au MI6, L'Esprit du Livre Editions, 2008. The Memoirs of a SOE officer (Albania, Asia) and MI6 agent (Poland, Malta, Oman, Yémen), brother in arms of Julian Amery.
- ALBANIA IN WW II by Julian Amery, from Oxford Companion to the Second World War (1995), pp. 24–26
- The London Gazette
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|New constituency|| Member of Parliament for Preston North
1950 – 1966
Sir William Teeling
| Member of Parliament for Brighton Pavilion
1969 – 1992
Sir Derek Spencer
| Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies
George Reginald Ward
| Secretary of State for Air
| Minister of Aviation