Julia Hunt Catlin Park DePew Taufflieb
Julia Hunt Catlin Park DePew Taufflieb (July 6, 1864 – December 17, 1947) was a philanthropist and socialite who was the first American woman to be awarded the Croix de Guerre and Legion d'honneur by France in 1917 for turning her Château d'Annel into a 300-bed hospital during World War I.
Julia Hunt Catlin Park DePew Taufflieb
Taufflieb c. 1920s
|Died||December 17, 1947 (aged 83)|
Trenor Luther Park
(m. 1889; his death 1906)
C. Mitchell Depew
(m. 1911; div. 1916)
Emile Adolphe Taufflieb
(m. 1918; his death 1938)
Frances Helen Hunt
|Awards||Croix de Guerre|
Julia Hunt Catlin was born on July 6, 1864, to Julius Catlin (1833–1893) and Frances Helen Hunt (b. 1839), the daughter of Seth B. Hunt, Esq. of Maple Grove, Bennington, Vermont. Her sisters were Edith Catlin and May Catlin. She lived at 16 East 49th Street in New York City.
Her paternal grandfather was Julius Catlin, the 29th Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut from 1858 to 1861. Her aunt, Hannah Maria Catlin, married Benjamin K. Phelps, the New York County District Attorney.
During World War IEdit
Julia turned her Château d'Annel in Longueil d'Annel into a 300-bed Allied military hospital at the front lines of World War I. It was the first hospital for the Allies' wounded soldiers opened in France by an American so near the front.
She fled for England after the German army had made progress towards Paris, but ended up returning after they had retreated. Her actions moved many other Americans living in France to open military hospitals. She received France's highest military award, the Legion d'honneur, and the Croix de Guerre in 1917 and was the first American female to be awarded this honour.
In 1917, President Raymond Poincaré of France, upon the recommendation of the Minister of War, conferred a gold medal on her in recognition of her hospital, along with a letter written by Justin Godart, the Under Secretary of War.
World War IIEdit
In 1940, during World War II, she was forced to leave her villa in Cannes after the fall of France. She escaped through Spain and sailed from Lisbon on one of the last refugee ships. During the War, she resided in Santa Barbara and Beverly Hills in California.
In 1889, she married Trenor Luther Park (1861–1907), the son of Trenor W. Park, at Zion Church in New York. Park, who was the Commodore of the American Yacht Club, died in 1907 after an operation by Dr. Francis Delafield. He was Vice President of the American Trading Company, a directory of Jefferson Bank, and a senior member of Catlin & Co., a dry goods firm. Before his death in 1907, they were the parents of three children, but only one, Frances, lived to maturity:
- Edith Laura Park (1893–1893), who died aged 3 days
- Frances Trenor Hall Park (1894–1937), who married Captain Dr. Ernest Gerard Stanley (1886–1970) of the British Army in the American Church on the Avenue de l'Alma in Paris in 1917.
- Julia Elliot Park (1897–1906), who died aged 9, by falling through a plate glass roof of their residence, 17 East 63rd Street, in New York City.
Upon Park's death, she was left $3,000,000 from her husband's estate. After his death, she resided, with their daughter, at 74 Avenue de Dois de Boulogne, in Paris, and also at her country residence, Château d'Annel, in Longueil d'Annel.
On February 15, 1911, she married Chauncey Mitchell Depew (1867–1927), the son of William Beverly Depew (1837–1897) and the nephew of Sen. Chauncey Depew, who unveiled the Statue of Liberty at the King's Weigh House Church in London. He was originally from Buffalo, New York,  and after "both had other adventures in matrimony," they divorced in 1916.
In 1918, she married General Emile Adolphe Taufflieb (d. 1938), who commanded France's 37th Army Corps and was a member of the French Senate. He had been born at Strasbourg and attended École de Saint-Cyr. They remained married until his death in 1938.
- "MARRIED" (PDF). The New York Times. 13 October 1862. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
- "WEDDED AT ZION CHURCH" (PDF). The New York Times. 28 April 1889. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
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- "MRS. J.C. PARK WED TO FRENCH GENERAL; Divorced Wife of C. Mitchell Depew Marries Gen. Taufflieb of the 37th Army Corps AT THE CHATEAU D'ANNEL President Poincare Gave a Gold Medal to Then Mrs. Depew in Recognition of Her Hospital" (PDF). The New York Times. 2 March 1918. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
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- Historynet. "Ten Notable Women of World War I". Historynet. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- "PRAISES AMERICAN NURSES.; Mme. Tauffleib Tells of Four Years of War Hospital Work" (PDF). The New York Times. 24 February 1919. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
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- ', Special To The New York Times (23 December 1947). "MME. EMIL TAUFFLIEB" (PDF). The New York Times. Retrieved 26 April 2017.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
- "CONSIGNED TO THE SEA.; TRENOR L. PARK'S PALATIAL YACHT SULTANA SUCCESSFULLY LAUNCHED" (PDF). The New York Times. 19 December 1889. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
- "TRENOR L. PARK DEAD; Head of the American Yacht Club Expires After an Operation" (PDF). The New York Times. 24 October 1907. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
- "MISS PARK WEDS IN PARIS | Daughter of Late Trenor Park is Bride of British Officer" (PDF). The New York Times. 10 December 1917. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
- Kipling, Rudyard (1990). The Letters of Rudyard Kipling: 1931-36. University of Iowa Press. p. 204. ISBN 9780877458999. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
- Times, Special Cable to the New York (16 February 1911). "MRS. TRENOR L. PARK WEDS.; New York Widow Married to Chauncey Mitchell Depew In London" (PDF). The New York Times. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
- "DEPEW'S NEPHEW DIVORCED IN FRANCE; Namesake of Ex-Senator and His Wife Had Both Had Other Adventures in Matrimony. GAME HOME FOR HOSPITAL Friends Here Surprised to Hear That Couple Interested in War Relief Work Had Parted" (PDF). The New York Times. 8 January 1917. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
- "GEN. EMILE TAUFFLIEB; Ex-Senator of France Led Army Corps During World War" (PDF). The New York Times. 3 December 1938. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
- Times, May Birkhead Wireless To The New York (17 May 1931). "PARIS SOCIETY SEES PRESIDENCY BATTLE; Many Americans Join French Leaders at Versailles to Witness Election" (PDF). The New York Times. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
- Times, May Birkhead special Cable To The New York (3 January 1932). "PARIS AMERICANS HOME FOR HOLIDAYS; More Leave French Capital in Time for Christmas Than Ever Before. NEW YEAR GAYETY DIMMED All Left in Colony Celebrate, However -- Count and Countess Constantini Are Hosts at Ciro's" (PDF). The New York Times. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
- Social Register, New York. New York: Social Register Association. 1920. Retrieved 26 April 2017.