Jubilee Exhibition Building

The Jubilee Exhibition Building in Adelaide, South Australia, was built to celebrate the 50th anniversary of Queen Victoria's accession to the throne on 20 June 1837. The jubilees of her Coronation on 28 June 1838, and of the Proclamation of South Australia on 28 December 1836, were also invoked on occasion.

Jubilee Exhibition Building
Jubilee Exhibition Building 1885.jpg
General information
StatusDemolished
LocationNorth Terrace, Adelaide
Coordinates34°55′14″S 138°36′22″E / 34.920544°S 138.606188°E / -34.920544; 138.606188Coordinates: 34°55′14″S 138°36′22″E / 34.920544°S 138.606188°E / -34.920544; 138.606188
Construction started1885
Completed1887
Opened20 June 1887[1]
Demolished1962
Cost£20,217 (1887)[2]

The building, increasingly referred to as the Exhibition Building, was located opposite the corner of North Terrace and Pulteney Street.[3] on what is now the University of Adelaide's North Terrace campus, between Bonython Hall and the old School of Mines building (now UniSA's City East campus) on the Frome Road corner. It was opened on 20 June 1887 and was used until the mid 1920s. In 1929 the land and building were transferred to the University, and the building was demolished in 1962 to make way for the Napier building. There were two fountains in front of the building. One is now located in front of the Rundle Mall entrance to the Adelaide Arcade, the other in the Creswell Gardens.[1]

PlanningEdit

The idea of South Australia hosting an international exhibition as a patriotic gesture was promoted in the early 1880s, culminating in a Bill which was passed by Parliament in 1883. Subsequent opposition to the scheme on the grounds of the expense involved saw the Bill being repealed in 1884, and Sir Edwin T. Smith pushed for a less grandiose celebration, which resulted in the Act of 1885, and the voting of £32,000 for a permanent Exhibition Building, which after the Jubilee would become the home of the South Australian Institute.

As originally conceived by Government Architect E. J. Woods, the new building was to have a dome 112 feet (34 m) wide, an art gallery, 46 by 252 feet (14 by 77 m), a court 120 by 43 feet (37 by 13 m) with a gallery round it of 10 feet (3.0 m) width. A basement below this section 10 feet (3.0 m) high, three open courts for lighting and ventilation, each 120 by 66 feet (37 by 20 m) by 40 feet (12 m) high. Height of the dome 80 feet (24 m), 127 feet (39 m) from the floor to the crown of the inner dome, and 192 feet (59 m) from the floor line to the apex of the dome externally.[4]

Design and constructionEdit

 
The Jubilee Exhibition Building at night in 1920.
 
North Terrace institutions in 1926. Exhibition Building is second from right.
 
North Terrace, Adelaide 1930

The architects chosen were Withall & Wells, and W. Rogers the builder. The corner-stone was laid on 21 June 1886.[5] Interest from exhibitors in the lead-up to the Jubilee meant that the building had to be extended during the construction process, but the building was completed, and filled with manufactures and produce from around the globe, within the year, well in time for the opening of the Festival on 21 June 1887. A railway line connecting the Adelaide railway station to the grounds behind the Exhibition Building passed under King William Road and ran between the Parade Grounds and Government House.

Queen Victoria’s JubileeEdit

During the 1887 Jubilee 789,672 visitors passed through the exhibition. The building housed 2,200 exhibitions (valued at approximately £500,000) from 26 different countries. The Adelaide Jubilee International Exhibition was one of few major exhibitions in Australia where all the costs, totalling £66,000, were covered.

Royal Adelaide ShowEdit

The Jubilee Exhibition Building and Jubilee Oval was the home of the Royal Adelaide Show from 1895 to 1925.

Other usesEdit

The Building was used for a great variety of one-off events, including:

  • In November 1889 the whole of the basement (one third of the building's floor area) was handed over to the South Australian School of Mines and Industries to accommodate the rising demand for quality vocational training. Though timely, this expedient was less than satisfactory, and not solved until 1903, when the purpose-built school was opened on the Frome Road corner.[6]
  • From 1910 to 1916 the Education Department's Adelaide School of Art, conducted by H. P. Gill, was conducted in the Exhibition Building,[7] though under sufferance, as there was no heating in winter.
  • In February 1919 at the outbreak of the Spanish flu pandemic the Exhibition Building became the Exhibition Isolation Hospital. It was heavily criticised by medical staff and was no longer needed once isolation wards had been opened at the Adelaide Hospital, and by late November 1919 when the last admission to the Exhibition hospital took place, 588 patients had been admitted, of whom 68 died from the disease.[8]
  • In 1949 the Motor Vehicles Department, with its staff of 100 and records relating to 143,000 vehicles and 147,000 licensed drivers, not to mention archived files, moved to the Exhibition Building from the State Government offices on Victoria Square.[9] By 1962 the public offices of this Department were located in the Railways building.[10]
  • Residence for homeless people during later years.[vague]

DemolitionEdit

The building was demolished in 1962. It made way for Taib Mahmud Court, the Napier building, Adelaide Law School and the Adelaide Law School car park.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Jubilee Exhibition Building: Staircase - Adelaide City Explorer". Adelaide City Explorer.
  2. ^ "Architects of South Australia - Building Details". www.architectsdatabase.unisa.edu.au.
  3. ^ Directory of South Australia. Sands & McDougall. 1962.
  4. ^ "Adelaide Jubilee International Exhibition". South Australian Register. XLVIII (11, 550). South Australia. 20 November 1883. p. 6. Retrieved 29 May 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
  5. ^ "The Formal Ceremonies". South Australian Register. LII (12, 669). South Australia. 22 June 1887. p. 5. Retrieved 29 May 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
  6. ^ "School of Mines". The Advertiser (Adelaide). South Australia. 24 February 1903. p. 5. Retrieved 28 January 2020 – via Trove.
  7. ^ "Education Department". The Advertiser (Adelaide). South Australia. 3 September 1910. p. 8. Retrieved 28 January 2020 – via Trove.
  8. ^ "Exhibition Hospital and Infectious Diseases Block". The Register (Adelaide). South Australia. 2 December 1919. p. 6. Retrieved 28 January 2020 – via Trove.
  9. ^ "Motor Vehicles Dept Moving to Exhibition". The News (Adelaide). South Australia. 12 April 1949. p. 7. Retrieved 28 January 2020 – via Trove.
  10. ^ Directory of South Australia. Sands and MacDougall Pty Ltd. 1962.