Juan Cortada y Quintana

Juan Cortada y Quintana (c. 1820 – 22 August 1889[6]) was a Puerto Rican politician, businessman, and landowner. He served as Mayor of Ponce, Puerto Rico, from 27 September 1872 to 4 February 1874.[7]

Juan Cortada y Quintana
76th Mayor of Ponce, Puerto Rico
In office
27 September 1872[1] – 4 February 1874[2]
Preceded byAlejandro Albizu
Succeeded byPedro Rosalí
Personal details
Bornca. 1820
Ponce, Puerto Rico
Died22 August 1889
Ponce, Puerto Rico
NationalityPuerto Rican
Spouse(s)Mercedes Tirado (d. 1871),
Vicenta Albizu,
Providencia Martorell[3]
RelationsRamon and Manuel (brothers)[4]
ChildrenWith Mercedes Tirado:
Juan (b. 1864)
Eduardo
With Vicenta Albizu:
Vicente
José Antonio
With Providencia Martorell:
Joaquín
Dora Providencia[5]
ResidencePuerto Rico
OccupationPlantation farmer

Early yearsEdit

Cortada y Quintana was the son of Juan Cortada[a] (c.1794-1865), born in Catalunya, Spain, and Monserrate Quintana. He had two brothers, Ramon and Manuel.[8]

HacendadoEdit

Cortada and his brother Ramón, were hacendados, landowners who owned several sugarcane haciendas like Hacienda Descalabrado (then known as Central Cortada), Las Mercedes, La Palmarito, and La Mallorquina, among others. They were located in the region between Ponce and Santa Isabel.[9]

The workers in such estates were almost always slaves. Thus it is likely that Cortada owned slaves in working his sugarcane farm.[10] Some sources confirm that Cortada in fact owned 28 slaves in 1872, one year before the abolition of slavery in Puerto Rico.[11]

Since 1868, Cortada's estate had irrigation problems, which led Cortada to ask for permits to use the waters of Río Descalabrado river to irrigate his land. After some financial troubles, and with the death of his first wife, Cortada ceded the ownership of the Hacienda Descalabrado to his two young sons, Juan and Eduardo. However, this change wasn't registered. Cortada also had debts for the mortgage of the land where Hacienda Palmarito was established. In 1874, he had to sell Hacienda Descalabrado, but he recovered it in 1884.[12]

LenderEdit

Cortada, together with his brother Ramón, was also in the money-lending business, lending capital to 11 other hacendados in the area. By 1870, Cortada owned five haciendas in the municipality of Ponce.[13]

Mayoral termEdit

Cortada served as Mayor of Ponce from 27 September 1872 to 4 February 1874.[14] This was the time when the Republica Española (Spanish Republic) was declared (11 February 1873) and also the time when slavery was abolished in Puerto Rico (22 March 1873). Cortada's municipal assembly consisted of: Rafael Pujals, Federico Capo, Jose Antonio Renta, Celedonio Besosa, Olimpio Otero, Lazaro Martinez, Marcos Fugurull (padre/father), Juan Jose Mayoral, Guillermo Oppenheimer, and Gustavo Cabrera.[15]

Personal lifeEdit

Juan Cortada y Quintana married three times. His first marriage was to Mercedes Tirado, with whom he procreated two sons: Juan (born 1864) and Eduardo. Mercedes died in 1871. Cortada's second marriage was to Vicenta Albizu, with whom he had two more children: Vicente and José Antonio. His third marriage was with Providencia Martorell. They had a son and a daughter: Joaquín and Dora Providencia.[16] Cortada y Quintana died on 22 August 1889.[17]

LegacyEdit

There is a street in a Ponce neighborhood, Urbanización Las Delicias, of Barrio Magueyes named after him.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Since this Juan Cortada would had been around 58 years old in 1852, it is likely this Juan Cortada (Sr.) was the Segundo teniente de alcalde (note: this is not the same as "Alcalde") that Emilio J. Pasarell talks about in his Esculcando el Siglo XIX en Puerto Rico (1967), page 48. If this is the case, then Juan Cortada Sr., Juan Cortada y Quintana, and Juan Cortada Tirado were all three involved in politics in Puerto Rico.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Eduardo Neumann Gandia. Verdadera y Autentica Historia de la Ciudad de Ponce. San Juan: Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueña. 1913. p.278.
  2. ^ Eduardo Neumann Gandia. Verdadera y Autentica Historia de la Ciudad de Ponce. San Juan: Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueña. 1913. p.278.
  3. ^ La Estancia Descalabrado y los Cortada. Melvin Rivera Velázquez. SantaIsabelPR. 31 March 2010. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
  4. ^ D. Oquendo-Rodriguez. Pablo L. Crespo-Vargas, editor. A Orillas del Mar Caribe: Boceto historico de la Playa de Ponce - Desde sus primeros habitantes hasta principios del siglo XX. First edition. June, 2017. Editorial Akelarre. Centro de Estudios e Investigaciones del Sur Oeste de Puerto Rico (CEISCO). Lajas, Puerto Rico. Page 51. ISBN 978-1547284931
  5. ^ La Estancia Descalabrado y los Cortada. Melvin Rivera Velázquez. SantaIsabelPR. 31 March 2010. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
  6. ^ La Estancia Descalabrado y los Cortada. Melvin Rivera Velázquez. SantaIsabelPR. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
  7. ^ Eduardo Neumann Gandia. Verdadera y Autentica Historia de la Ciudad de Ponce. San Juan: Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueña. 1913. p.278.
  8. ^ D. Oquendo-Rodriguez. Pablo L. Crespo-Vargas, editor. A Orillas del Mar Caribe: Boceto historico de la Playa de Ponce - Desde sus primeros habitantes hasta principios del siglo XX. First edition. June, 2017. Editorial Akelarre. Centro de Estudios e Investigaciones del Sur Oeste de Puerto Rico (CEISCO). Lajas, Puerto Rico. Page 51. ISBN 978-1547284931
  9. ^ Central Cortada: El fin de la producción azucarera. Melvin Rivera Velázquez. SantaIsabelPR. 20 February 2009. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
  10. ^ Terratenientes Extranjeros. Melvin Rivera Velazaquez. SantaIsabelPR. 27 January 2008. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
  11. ^ Propietarios de esclavos en los barrios rurales de Ponce. Archived 28 October 2010 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 28 November 2009.
  12. ^ La Estancia Descalabrado y los Cortada. Melvin Rivera Velázquez. SantaIsabelPR. 31 March 2010. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
  13. ^ Terratenientes Extranjeros. Melvin Rivera Velázquez. SantaIsabelPR. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
  14. ^ Eduardo Neumann Gandia. Verdadera y Autentica Historia de la Ciudad de Ponce. San Juan: Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueña. 1913. p.278.
  15. ^ El libro de Puerto Rico: Capitulo XIX: Ciudades Principales: Ponce: Breve Sipnosis Historica, by Juan Braschi. E. Fernandez Garcia, editor. Francis W. Hoadley & Eugenio Astol, co-editors. San Juan, Puerto Rico: El Libro Azul Publishing Company. 1923. Page 1063. Retrieved 20 July 2012.
  16. ^ La Estancia Descalabrado y los Cortada. Melvin Rivera Velázquez. SantaIsabelPR. 31 March 2010. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
  17. ^ La Estancia Descalabrado y los Cortada. Melvin Rivera Velázquez. SantaIsabelPR. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
Political offices
Preceded by
Alejandro Albizu
Mayor of Ponce, Puerto Rico
27 September 1872 – 4 February 1874
Succeeded by