Jovian Auroral Distributions Experiment

Jovian Auroral Distributions Experiment (JADE) is an instrument that detects and measures ions and electrons around the spacecraft.[1] It is a suite of detectors on the Juno Jupiter orbiter (launched 2011, orbiting Jupiter since 2016).[2] JADE includes JADE-E, JADE-I, and the EBox.[2] JADE-E and JADE-I are sensors that are spread out on the spacecraft, and the EBox is located inside the Juno Radiation Vault.[2] EBox stands for Electronics Box.[2] JADE-E is for detecting electrons from 0.1 to 100 keV, and there are three JADE-E sensors on Juno.[2] JADE-I is for detecting ions from 5 eV to 50 keV.[2] It is designed to return data in situ on Jupiter's auroral region and magnetospheric plasmas, by observing electrons and ions in this region.[2] It is primarily focused on Jupiter, but it was turned on in January 2016 while still en route to study inter-planetary space (It was several million miles from Jupiter at that time).[3]

Here are sensors for JADE
JADE will collect data on Jupiter's aurora, shown in this space telescope image with aurora overlaid

JADE was built by Southwest Research Institute (SwRI), located in the United States in Texas.[3] Two other instruments help understand the magnetosphere of Jupiter, WAVES and MAG.[3] The JEDI instrument measures higher energy ions and electrons and JADE lower energy ones, they are complementary.[3]

The JADE sensors, in addition to other materials, also use a special plastic designed to endure the spaceflight conditions.[4] The instrument uses special molded rings of polyether ether ketone (PEEK).[4]

By May 2017, some of the first science analysis reported that JADE observed plasma coming up from the upper atmosphere of Jupiter into the Magnetosphere.[5] Some auroral process were compared to ones at Earth, but there seemed to be other processes at work creating the auroras at Jupiter said the JADE project leader, in early 2017.[5] Like Earth's aurora, scientists noted Jupiter's could be effected by the Solar wind, however, many of the ions in the Jupiter aurora were different from those in Earth's.[5]

JADE-E edit

Each of the three JADE-E electron sensors weighs 5.25 Kilograms (11.57 pounds, 0.827 stones) with dimensions of 21 cm on all sides;[6]

Each JADE-E sensor includes[6]

JADE-I edit

The one JADE-I sensors is a spherical top hat electrostatic analyzer combined with a time-of-flight mass spectrometer.[6] The sensor is made of nickel plated titanium metal.[6] JADE-I sensor weighs 7.55 Kilograms(16.65 pounds, 1.1889 stones).[6]

JADE-I can measure ions from 1 to 50 atomic mass units (AMU), with the ability to discern atomic hydrogen, H2+, H3+, oxygen and sulfur.[2]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ TEGNA. "Spacecraft carrying S.A. parts successfully enters Jupiter's atmosphere". KENS. Archived from the original on 2017-12-01. Retrieved 2017-02-07.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h D.J., McComas; Alexander, N. et. all. (25 May 2013). "The Jovian Auroral Distributions Experiment (JADE) on the Juno Mission to Jupiter". Space Science Reviews. 213 (1–4): 547–643. Bibcode:2017SSRv..213..547M. doi:10.1007/s11214-013-9990-9.
  3. ^ a b c d "NASA's Juno and JEDI: Ready to Unlock Mysteries of Jupiter". Archived from the original on 2017-03-24. Retrieved 2017-02-07.
  4. ^ a b Group, Techbriefs Media (August 2012). "Plastic Components Ride Juno Spacecraft to Jupiter - Nasa Tech Briefs :: NASA Tech Briefs". Retrieved 2017-02-08.
  5. ^ a b c "NASA's Juno Mission Delivers Preliminary Science Results | Planetary Science, Space Exploration |". Breaking Science News | Retrieved 2018-04-04.
  6. ^ a b c d e "Juno Instrument Overview". Spaceflight 101. 2016. Retrieved 7 December 2016.