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Josip Bozanić (pronounced [jǒsip bǒzanit͡ɕ]; born 20 March 1949) is a Croatian Cardinal of the Catholic Church. He is the eighth and current Archbishop of Zagreb, having previously served as Bishop of Krk from 1989 to 1997. He was elevated to the cardinalate in 2003. He is a member of the Supervisory Commission of Cardinals of the Institute for the Works of Religion, along with other five cardinals.
Archbishop of Zagreb
|Church||Roman Catholic Church|
|Appointed||5 July 1997|
|Ordination||29 June 1975|
by Karmelo Zazinović
|Consecration||25 June 1989|
by Franjo Kuharić
|Created cardinal||21 October 2003|
by Pope John Paul II
|Birth name||Josip Bozanić|
|Born||20 March 1949|
Rijeka, PR Croatia, FPR Yugoslavia
|Denomination||Catholic (Roman Rite)|
|Motto||Da život imaju|
That they may have life
|Coat of arms|
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
Early life and ordinationEdit
Josip Bozanić was born in Rijeka, Yugoslavia (now Croatia), to Ivan Bozanić and Dinka Valković. He attended the minor seminary of Pazin, and the Theological Faculties of Rijeka and Zagreb, where he obtained a Master's degree in theology. He was ordained to the priesthood on 29 June 1975 by Bishop Karmelo Zazinović, to whom Bozanić then served as private secretary until 1976.
He was a parish priest for three years before furthering his studies in Rome from 1979 to 1985. He earned a licentiate in dogmatic theology from the Pontifical Gregorian University and a licentiate in canon law from the Pontifical Lateran University.
Upon his return to Yugoslavia, he served as chancellor (1986–1987) and vicar general (1987–1989) of the Diocese of Krk. He also taught dogmatic theology and canon law at the Theological Institute of Rijeka from 1988 to 1997.
On 10 May 1989, Bozanić was appointed Coadjutor Bishop of Krk by Pope John Paul II. He received his episcopal consecration on the following 25 June from Franjo Cardinal Kuharić, with Archbishop Josip Pavlišić and Bishop Zazinović serving as co-consecrators, at Assumption Cathedral. He later succeeded Zazinović as Bishop of Krk upon the latter's retirement on 14 November 1989; one of his ancestors, Bartol Bozanić, served in the same post from 1839 to 1854.
He briefly served as Apostolic Administrator for the Archdiocese of Rijeka-Senj from June to November 1996, and was named the eighth Archbishop of Zagreb on 5 July 1997. He has also been the President of the Croatian Bishops' Conference between 1997 and 2007, and the Vice-President of the Council of European Bishops' Conferences between 2001 and 2006.
John Paul II created him Cardinal-Priest of San Girolamo dei Croati in the consistory of 21 October 2003. Bozanić was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 2005 papal conclave that elected Pope Benedict XVI.
Within the Roman Curia, he is a member of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, the Congregation for Catholic Education (renewed on 11 December 2010), the Pontifical Council for the Laity, and the Special Council for Europe of the General Secretariat of the Synod of Bishops. On 5 January 2011 he was appointed among the first members of the newly created Pontifical Council for the Promotion of the New Evangelisation.
On Tuesday, 18 September 2012, Cardinal Bozanić was named by Pope Benedict XVI as one of the papally-appointed Synod Fathers for the upcoming October 2012 13th Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops on the New Evangelization.
Views on HomosexualityEdit
In 2013, he intervened in the political campaign to alter the Croatian referendum so that it more explicitly defined marriage only as a union between a man and a woman. He issued a pastoral letter to be read in all Catholic churches across the country reminding parishioners that "Marriage is the only union enabling procreation". The referendum was subsequently approved by a vote of 66% to 34%; and was thus regarded as a major victory for the Roman Catholic Church, and a blow to gay rights advocates.
- Holy See Press Office
- DI MEMBRI DEL PONTIFICIO CONSIGLIO PER LA PROMOZIONE DELLA NUOVA EVANGELIZZAZIONE
- NOMINA DI MEMBRI DEL PONTIFICIO CONSIGLIO DELLE COMUNICAZIONI SOCIALI Archived 2 June 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- "Nomina di Padri sinodali della XIII Assemblea Generale Ordinaria del Sinodo dei Vescovi (7–28 ottobre 2012)" [Appointment of Fathers of the XIII Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops ( 7–28 October 2012)]. Daily Bulletin of the Holy See Press Office (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 18 September 2012. Archived from the original on 24 December 2012. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
- Dan Bilefsky, "Croatian Government to Pursue Law Allowing Civil Unions for Gay Couples" in The New York Times (2 December 2013)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Josip Bozanić.|
- "Bozanić Card. Josip". Holy See Press Office. Archived from the original on 4 September 2017. Retrieved 26 November 2017.
- Biography @ catholic-pages.com
|Catholic Church titles|
| Bishop of Krk
14 November 1989 – 5 July 1997
| President of the Croatian Episcopal Conference
1997 – 18 October 2007
| Archbishop of Zagreb
5 July 1997 –
| Vice-President of the Council of European Bishops' Conferences
2001 – 2 October 2011
Jean-Pierre Bernard Ricard
| Cardinal-Priest of San Girolamo dei Croati
21 October 2003 –
|No prior officeholder|| Vice-President of the Croatian Episcopal Conference|
16 October 2013 –