Senator Joseph Sarwuan Tarka (1932–1980) was a Nigerian politician from Benue State and a former minister for Transport and then Communications under General Yakubu Gowon. He was one of the founding members of the United Middle Belt Congress, a political organization dedicated to protecting and advocating for the country's Middle Belt.
Joseph Sarwuan Tarka
|Federal Commissioner of Transport|
|Federal Commissioner of Communications|
. – 1 August 1974
|Succeeded by||Murtala Mohammed|
|Senator for Benue North East|
|Born||10 July 1932|
Benue State, Nigeria
|Died||30 March 1980|
|Political party||National Party of Nigeria, United Middle Belt Congress|
Tarka was born on 10 July 1932 in Igbor, Benue State to the family of Tarka Nanchi and Ikpa Anyam. His father was a village teacher of Tiv origin who later became a headmaster and then chief in Mbakor, Gboko area. He attended Native Authority Primary School, Gboko and Katsina Ala Middle School. After completing his education, he became a teacher at Katsina-Ala Middle School before going on to further studies at Bauchi Rural Science School. He was a member of the Tiv Native Authority Staff Union and of the Northern Teachers Association.
In 1954, on a ticket that was allied with the Middle Belt People's Party, Tarka was elected to represent the Jemgba constituency in the Federal House of Representative. In 1957, the Middle Belt party decided to merge with the David Lot led Middle Zone League to form the United Middle Belt Congress. Tarka then emerged as president of the United Middle Belt Congress (UMBC), the party soon formed an alliance with the Action Group, the dominant South West party. Tarka was a nominated member to the Nigerian Constitutional Conference of 1957 and was also the representative of the Middle Belt zone to the Willinks Commission of 1958. In 1958, he was appointed as a shadow minister of commerce. Tarka's UMBC, a predominantly Christian party contested the pre-independence election of 1959 and the subsequent election of 1963 against the mainly Moslem Northern People's Congress. Both elections led to violence in the Middle Belt, which contributed to the Major Chukwuma Kaduna Nzeogwu's inspired military take-over on January 15, 1966. Tarka was reelected in 1959. In 1962, along with other Action Group leaders, he was arrested on charges of treasonable felony but was acquitted for lack of evidence.
After General Gowon took charge in August 1966, Tarka was appointed Federal Commissioner of Transport and then of Communications, resigning in 1974 after allegations of corruption from a fellow-Tiv named Godwin Daboh were published. Daboh's action was allegedly instigated by Paul Unongo and Benue-Plateau State Governor Joseph Gomwalk  and a police probe into the allegations was led by Sunday Adewusi.
In the lead-up to restoration of democracy with the Nigerian Second Republic, Tarka aligned with northern politicians to form the National Party of Nigeria, on which platform he unsuccessfully competed in the Presidential elections. He was elected Senator for Benue East in 1979, and was appointed chairman of the Senate Committee on Finance and Appropriation, a position he held when he died on 30 March 1980, aged 48.
His son, Simeon Tarka, was elected to the House of Representatives in 1979.
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- Jubril Olabode Aka (2010). Great People, Great Country, Nigeria the Beautiful: East Or West, Home Is the Best. Trafford Publishing. p. 79ff. ISBN 1-4269-1831-3.
- "Senator Tarka: the man and his monument". Power Magazine. Retrieved 2010-04-25.
- Francis, James. "History of Coup D'etat in Nigeria". Info-Naija. Retrieved 10 August 2013.
- Nowa Omoigui. "Military Rebellion of July 29, 1975: The coup against Gowon - Part 5". Dawodu. Retrieved 2010-04-25.