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Saint Joseph Marchand (August 17, 1803 – November 30, 1835) was a French missionary in Vietnam and a member of the Paris Foreign Missions Society.[1] He is now a Roman Catholic saint, celebrated on the 30th of November.

Saint Joseph Marchand
Martyrdom of Joseph Marchand.jpg
Catholic Martyr Joseph Marchand
Martyr
Born(1803-08-17)August 17, 1803
Passavant, France
DiedNovember 30, 1835(1835-11-30) (aged 32)
Huế, Vietnam
Beatified27 May 1900
Canonized19 June 1988 by Pope John Paul II
FeastNovember 30
November 24 (with the Vietnamese Martyrs)

Personal lifeEdit

 
Joseph Marchand.

Marchand was born in Passavant, in the Doubs department of France. At the age of 25 he joined the Paris Foreign Mission, whose primary goal was (and still is) to evangelize countries in Asia.

ActivistEdit

In 1833, he joined the Lê Văn Khôi revolt led by Lê Văn Khôi, son of the late governor of southern Vietnam Lê Văn Duyệt. He vowed to overthrow Emperor Minh Mạng and replace him with My Duong, the son of Minh Mạng's late elder brother Nguyễn Phúc Cảnh, who were both Catholics. Marchand and Khoi appealed to other Catholics to join in overthrowing Minh Mạng and installing a Catholic emperor. They quickly seized the Citadel of Saigon in an uprising lasting two years.[citation needed]

In 1835, he was arrested and later executed, in Saigon[2], subsequently becoming a Catholic martyr after having his flesh pulled from his bones by tongs[3] (the torture of a thousand cuts).

Marchand was canonized by Pope John Paul II in 1988. His feast day is November 30 and his joint feast day with the Vietnamese Martyrs is November 24.[1][4]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Bunson, Matthew, Encyclopedia of Saints, Our Sunday Visitor, p. 459, ISBN 1-931709-75-0.
  2. ^ Vo, Nghia M (2011), Saigon: A History, p. 53, The six principal leaders were sent to Huế to be executed. Among them was the French missionary Marchand, accused of being the leader of the Catholic rebel group; Nguyễn Văn Trấm, the leader of the hồi lương who took the command of the revolt after Lê Văn Khôi's death in 1834; and Lưu Tín, the Chinese leader.
  3. ^ Bunson, Matthew; Bunson, Margaret, John Paul II's Book of Saints, p. 61, ISBN 0-87973-934-7.
  4. ^ "Saint Joseph Marchand". Patron Saints Index. Retrieved 2009-06-25.

External linksEdit

  • "Marchand", Archives (notice biographique) (in French), The Paris Foreign Missions Society.
  • "St Joseph Marchand", Nominis, CEF.
  • "St Joseph Marchan", Saints, SQPN.