Iosif Davydovich Kobzon
11 September 1937
|Died||30 August 2018 (aged 80)|
|Occupation||Singer, Deputy of the Russian State Duma|
|Political party||United Russia (until 2018)|
As a boy he demonstrated a talent for singing, winning numerous regional singing contests. He reached the national finals on two separate occasions, appearing in concerts dedicated to Joseph Stalin—a significant honour at the time.
Despite his talent for singing, Kobzon went on to technical school to study geology and mining in Dnipropetrovsk, as this was considered a lucrative vocation in the Soviet Union following the Second World War. However, in 1959, following his 1956–1959 contact with professional music instructors in the Soviet Army where he was a member of the army's song and dance ensemble, he decided that music would be his preferred vocation.
In 1958, Kobzon started his singing career in Moscow, and enrolled to study at the Gnessin Institute. In the next few years he made valuable contacts in Moscow's entertainment world, and was eventually given a chance by composer Arkady Ostrovsky to perform some of his music. Initially, he performed in a duet with the tenor Viktor Kokhno, but was eventually offered a solo repertoire by many composers of the time such as Mark Fradkin, Alexander Dolukhanian and Yan Frenkel.
In 1964, he triumphed at the International Song Contest in Sopot, Poland, and in the following year he took part in the "Friendship" contest held across six nations, winning first prize in Warsaw, Berlin and Budapest.
His popularity rose quickly, and demand for his singing saw him frequently performing two to three concerts a day. His most popular hit song at the time was titled "And We Have In The Yard".
In 1983, Kobzon was expelled from the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and reprimanded for "political short sightedness," after he performed Jewish songs during an international friendship concert, which resulted in the Arab delegations leaving in protest. However, the following year, (1984) his reputation was restored, as he was honored with the USSR State Prize.
Kobzon performed solo concerts in most cities of the former USSR. He was also bestowed the rare honour of performing international concerts tours as a representative of USSR in United States, Panama, Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia, Uruguay, Costa Rica, Argentina, Israel, Republic of the Congo, Zaire, Angola, Nigeria, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Germany, Greece, and Finland. Throughout his career, he shared the stage with many Western singers, including Liza Minnelli and Julio Iglesias.
Although he officially ended his international touring career in 1997, he continued to appear in regular concerts before audiences around the world, and was frequently seen on Russian television.
'Russia's Frank Sinatra'Edit
Considering Kobzon's career, personality, spirit and singing style, many say that he is Russia's answer to the U.S. crooner Frank Sinatra. Besides their singing careers, both Sinatra and Kobzon used their popularity towards an active involvement in politics. The parallels between the two became the focus of media articles, books and novels claiming to have detailed knowledge of Russia's gangster world based on inside information obtained from the CIA. Kobzon has since sued numerous publications for propagating unsubstantiated rumours, asserting his impeccable reputation and great honour among millions of Russian-speakers worldwide. Kobzon was barred entry to the United States since 1995 when his visa was revoked on alleged mafia ties.
In 1986, Kobzon was the first celebrity to visit and perform in the town of Chernobyl to cheer the nuclear reactor rescuers. Two years later, Kobzon was the first celebrity to visit and perform for victims of the 1988 Armenian earthquake.
He claimed that his promotion of Jewish culture in the USSR contributed to the establishment of diplomatic ties between USSR and Israel.
For many years, Kobzon presided over numerous charitable organisations. From 1989, he was Chair of The Movement for Honour and Dignity of Russian Citizens. He was also the president of the Humanitarian Initiatives Fund, and the president of a charitable fund known as Shield and Lira which is devoted to helping families of those killed and injured in action while on law enforcement duties.
From the early 1990s, Kobzon funded numerous orphanages around the country.
In 2009, Kobzon became the 24th individual to be named Honorary Citizen of Moscow.
Stance on UkraineEdit
In March 2014, Kobzon was among 500 Russian artists who signed an open letter in support of Russia's annexation of Crimea. As a result, in July 2014, Kobzon was included in a selected group of Russian artists banned from entering Latvia.
Following the February 2014 Ukrainian revolution pro-Russian unrest broke out in Ukraine. In late October 2014, Kobzon visited Donbass on a humanitarian mission, providing medications to hospitals in the Donetsk and Luhansk regions and giving a free concert in support of the people of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic. As a result of the visit, Alexander Zakharchenko (then Prime Minister of the Donetsk People's Republic ) bestowed on Kobzon the title of Russia's "honorary consul" to DPR. However, the title has questionable meaning as there are no reports of Russia formally sending Kobzon as an honorary consul to DPR nor ratifying this appointment.
On 3 September 2014 deputies of the Dnipropetrovsk City Council deprived Kobzon of the title of "Honorary citizen of Dnipropetrovsk", on 25 November 2014 Poltava City Council removed his title of "Honorary citizen of Poltava", and on 28 January 2015 Kramatorsk City Council removed his title of "Honorary citizen of Kramatorsk." In autumn 2014, Ukraine's national security service banned him from entering the country. Kobzon responded by saying that "he shouldn't need a visa to visit his own homeland and birthplace." He stated that he welcomed any decision by Ukraine's authorities to strip him of honours, as he didn't want to be "an honorary citizen of a country that is run by a fascist regime." He requested that Ukraine also strip him of his People's Artist of Ukraine award. In February 2015, Kobzon was awarded Honorary Citizenship of (controlled by the Donetsk People's Republic) Yenakiieve in Donetsk Oblast, and was later awarded the honour of 'People's Artist' by self-proclaimed Luhansk People's Republic.
In February 2015, the European Union added Kobzon to its list of sanctioned individuals; Kobzon responded that he was "very pleased and grateful." He was "proud to be included in a list of people who are not indifferent to the fate of internally displaced Russian-speakers in Donbass and the fate of Russia". Russian MPs spoke out in response to the EU sanctions, while Kobzon's fans launched a Twitter campaign in his support. Russia's Foreign Ministry said that the new sanctions defy common sense, referring to the fact that the sanctions were imposed just one day after the Minsk II agreement came into force. The agreement was reached between EU representatives (Germany and France), Ukraine and Russia, and was aimed at resolving the War in Donbass. Communist Party leader Gennady Zyuganov condemned Kobzon's inclusion on the sanctions list as "vile" and "cynical", questioning the purpose of sanctioning "a highly respected national artist" whose mission in Donbass was "fundamentally humanitarian." A ruling party MP, Vyacheslav Nikonov, spoke in parliament to support Kobzon, stating "We are with you. If they're all Charlie, then we are all Kobzon", playing on the "Je Suis Charlie" slogan used in the wake of the Charlie Hebdo shooting. In response to calls for retaliatory sanctions, Russia's culture minister Vladimir Medinsky said that Moscow could not impose equal sanctions on the EU, because "Europe simply lacks a star of the same standing as Kobzon." Kobzon returned to Donbass one week following the EU's decision. This was his second humanitarian mission to the region delivering medications to hospitals in Luhansk, and giving another free concert "to support local residents".
Kobzon was married three times. In 1965, he married the singer, Veronika Kruglova; then in 1969 Kobzon married Lyudmila Gurchenko, one of the best known comic actresses of the Soviet cinema. In 1971, he married Ninel Drizina with whom he had two children.
He suffered from bladder cancer from 2005. He died on August 30, 2018.
Honours and awardsEdit
- Order for Merit to the Fatherland 1st class (26 June 2012) – for outstanding contribution to culture and music
- Order for Merit to the Fatherland 2nd class (21 September 2002) – for outstanding contribution to culture and music
- Order for Merit for the Fatherland 3rd class (11 September 1997) – for his great personal contribution to the development of musical art
- Order of Courage (30 December 2002) – for courage and dedication shown during the rescue of people in a situation involving a risk to life during an act of terrorism and hostage-taking at the Dubrovka Theatre in Moscow in October 2002
- Order of Friendship of Peoples
- Order of Glory (Azerbaijan) (2007) – for services to strengthen cultural ties between the Russian Federation and the Republic of Azerbaijan
- Officer of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Hungary (2007)
- Ukrainian Order of Merit 1st class (3 July 2012) – for personal contribution to the socio-economic and cultural development of the area, professionalism, and to mark the 80th anniversary of Donetsk region
- Ukrainian Order of Merit 2nd class (3 July 2002) – for personal contribution to the socio-economic and cultural development of the area, professionalism, and to mark the 70th anniversary of Donetsk region
- Ukrainian Order of Merit 3rd class (18 February 2000) – a significant personal contribution to the development of art song, many years of fruitful creative and social activities
- Dostyk order, 2nd class (Kazakhstan, 2008)
- Order of Holy Prince Daniel of Moscow, 2nd class (Russian Orthodox Church, 1998)
- Order of St. Sergius, 2nd class (Russian Orthodox Church, 2002)
- Order "For Merit" (Republic of Ingushetia, 2008)
- Hero of Labour of the Russian Federation (21 April 2016)
- People's Artist of USSR (1987)
- People's Artist of RSFSR (1980)
- People's Artist of Ukraine (1991)
- Honoured Artist of the RSFSR (1973)
- People's Artist of Dagestan ASSR (1974)
- Honoured Artist of the Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (1964)
- Honoured Artist of Adygea (1992)
- Honoured Artist of the Karachay-Cherkess Republic (2008)
- People's Artist of North Ossetia-Alania (2008)
- Honorary Member of the Russian Academy of Arts
- Honoured Worker of the Federal Bailiff Service
|Order||Country / Org||Year|
|Jubilee Medal "In Commemoration of the 100th Anniversary since the Birth of Vladimir Il'ich Lenin"||Soviet Union|
|Medal "In Commemoration of the 1500th Anniversary of Kiev"||Soviet Union|
|Medal "Veteran of Labour"||Soviet Union|
|Medal "For Labour Valour"||Soviet Union||1970|
|Jubilee Medal "300 Years of the Russian Navy"||Russia|
|Medal "In Commemoration of the 850th Anniversary of Moscow"||Russia|
|Jubilee Medal "60 Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945"||Russia|
|Jubilee Medal "Great Russian writer Nobel Mikhail Sholokhov 1905–2005"||Russia|
|Medal "For Strengthening Military Cooperation"||Russia|
|Medal "200 Years of the Ministry of Internal Affairs"||Russia||2008|
|Medal "200 Years of the Ministry of Defence"||Russia|
|Medal "For Services to the Stavropol Territory"||Russia||2008|
|Medal "Glory of Adygea"||Russia||2008|
|Medal of Merit for the Chechen Republic||Russia|
|Medal "50 Years of Celine"||Kazakhstan|
- USSR State Prize (1984) – for concert programs 1980–1983
- Lenin Komsomol Prize (1976) – for concert programs 1974–1975, active propaganda Soviet Komsomol songs
- Russian Federal Security Service Award "for creative contribution to the patriotic education of Russian citizens" (2009)
| Living Legend Award
Kobzon was awarded honorary citizenship of 28 cities: Anapa, Saratov (1998), Donetsk (2007), Bishkek, Dnipro (deprived of the honor on 3 September 2014), Kramatorsk, Noginsk, Poltava (deprived of the honor on 25 November 2014), Slavic (1999), Chasiv Yar, Cherkessk, Artemovsk, Horlivka and others. He is also an honorary citizen of the Saratov Oblast, Ust-Orda Buryat Autonomous Okrug (abolished 1 January 2008) and the Transbaikal Oblast (23 September 2010).
On 31 March 2009, Kobzon was awarded the title of Honorary Citizen of Moscow - "for his services and contribution to the organization and development of national culture, long-term activities designed to meet the challenges of the patriotic and cultural education of the Russian people, as well as charitable activity in the city of Moscow and other Russian regions".
- Other honours
- Monument in Donetsk by Alexander Rukavishnikov (30 August 2003)
- Diploma of the Government of the Kabardino-Balkar Republic (2008)
A comprehensive list of all 300+ honours awarded to Joseph Kobzon can be viewed at http://iosifkobzon.ru/activity/rank/ (in Russian).
- "Renowned Russian Singer, Lawmaker Joseph Kobzon Has Died". Retrieved 30 August 2018.
- "Moscow newspaper lists top Melodia pop artists". Billboard. 26 December 1981. p. 76. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
- Red Stars:Personality and the Soviet Popular Song, 1955-1991 by David MacFadyen, McGill-Queen's University Press, 2001, ISBN 0773521062
- Интервью с братом певца
- Иосиф Кобзон: В Днепропетровске я всегда держу экзамен!
- В Украине появились первые Фавориты Олимпа
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- Kobzon, Joseph (16 December 2001). "Not Enough of Her For All". Izvestia (Interview) (in Russian). Interviewed by Maria Podolskaya. Moscow. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
- Внуки Кобзона: Дед, а мы думали, ты только бабушку Нелю боишься!
-  Archived 11 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine
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-  Archived 13 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine
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-  Archived 2 June 2010 at the Wayback Machine
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- Ukraine crisis timeline, BBC News
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- "- 812". Online812.ru. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
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- Не так страшен рак, как его малюют: звезды против онкологии
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