Open main menu

Joseph-Nicolas Robert-Fleury (8 August 1797 – 5 May 1890) was a French painter.

Joseph-Nicolas Robert-Fleury
Joseph Nicolas Robert-Fleury by Gaston Thys.jpg
Joseph-Nicolas Robert-Fleury by Gaston Thys
Born(1797-08-08)8 August 1797
Died5 May 1890(1890-05-05) (aged 92)
Known forPainting
Galileo before the Holy Office.
Looting of a house at the Giudecca from Venice to the Middle Ages (1855)

Born in Cologne, he was sent by his family to Paris, and after travelling in Italy returned to France and made his first appearance at the Salon in 1824; his reputation, however, was not established until three years later, when he exhibited Tasso at the Convent of Saint Onophrius.

Endowed with a vigorous original talent, and with a vivid imagination, especially for the tragic incidents of history, he soon rose to fame, and in 1850 succeeded François Granet as member of the Académie des Beaux-Arts. In 1855, he was appointed professor and in 1863 director of the École des Beaux-Arts, and in the following year he went to Rome as director of the French Academy in that city.

His pupils were Marie-Adélaïde Baubry-Vaillant, David Bles, Marguerite Jacquelin, Charles Désiré Hué, Leon Kapliński, Henri Le Riche, Eugène Mulertt, and Gaston Renault.[1] His son, Tony Robert-Fleury, was also a painter.


1887: Knight in the Order of Leopold. [2]


  • A Reading at Mme. de Sévigné's, Scene of St Bartholomew, Henry IV taken to the Louvre after his Assassination (1836)
  • Triumphal Entry of Clovis at Tours (1838), at the Versailles Museum
  • Le Colloque de Poissy (1840), at the Luxembourg Museum in Paris
  • The Children of Louis XVI in the Temple (1840)
  • Marino Faliero
  • An Autodafé
  • Galileo before the Holy Office, at the Luxembourg Museum
  • Christopher Columbus received by the Spanish Court (1847), Musée du Luxembourg
  • The Reception of Christopher Columbus by King Ferdinand II and Queen Isabella of Spain in Barcelona (1846)
  • Looting of a house at the Giudecca from Venice to the Middle Ages (1855)
  • The Last Moments of Montaigne (1853) and Charles V in the Monastery of Yuste (1857)


  1. ^ Joseph-Nicolas Robert-Fleury in the RKD
  2. ^ Handelsblad (Het) 17-02-1887
  •   This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Robert-Fleury, Joseph Nicolas". Encyclopædia Britannica. 23 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 403.

External linksEdit