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Joseph Georg Friedrich Ernst Karl, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg (27 August 1789 in Hildburghausen – 25 November 1868 in Altenburg), was a duke of Saxe-Altenburg.

Joseph
Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
Herzog Joseph von Sachsen-Altenburg.jpg
Joseph, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
Reign1834–1848
PredecessorFrederick
SuccessorGeorge
Born(1789-08-27)27 August 1789
Hildburghausen, Saxe-Altenburg
Died25 November 1868(1868-11-25) (aged 79)
Altenburg, Saxe-Altenburg
SpouseAmelia of Württemberg
IssueMarie, Queen of Hanover
Princess Pauline
Princess Henriette
Elisabeth, Grand Duchess of Oldenburg
Grand Duchess Alexandra of Russia
Princess Luise
Full name
Joseph Georg Friedrich Ernst Karl
HouseHouse of Wettin
FatherFrederick, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen
MotherDuchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
ReligionLutheranism

He was the second but first surviving son of Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen (of Saxe-Altenburg from 1826) and Duchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Joseph succeeded his father as Duke of Saxe-Altenburg after his death in 1834.

In 1814, he and his brother George fought with the allies against France in the Napoleonic Wars. Later he was a General Major in Saxon services.

He implemented several buildings in Altenburg, but his government was considered conservative and resistant to reform; for this, he was forced to abdicate during the civil revolution of 1848.

In Kirchheim unter Teck on 24 April 1817 Joseph married Amelia of Württemberg, a daughter of Duke Louis of Württemberg. They had six daughters:

  • Marie (b. Hildburghausen, 14 April 1818 – d. Gmunden, 9 January 1907), married on 18 February 1843 to King George V of Hanover.
  • Pauline (b. Kirchheim unter Teck, 24 November 1819 – d. Hildburghausen, 11 January 1825).
  • Therese (b. Hildburghausen, 9 October 1823 – d. Altenburg, 3 April 1915).
  • Elisabeth (b. Hildburghausen, 26 March 1826 – d. Oldenburg, 2 February 1896), married on 10 February 1852 to Peter II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg.
  • Alexandra [upon her marriage, she took the name Alexandra Iosifovna in a Russian Orthodox baptism] (b. Altenburg, 8 July 1830 – d. St. Petersburg, 6 July 1911), married on 11 September 1848 to Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich of Russia.
  • Luise (b. Altenburg, 4 June 1832 – d. Hummelshain, 29 August 1833).


HonoursEdit

AncestryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Le livre d'or de l'ordre de Léopold et de la croix de fer, Volume 1 /Ferdinand Veldekens
Preceded by
Frederick
Duke of Saxe-Altenburg
1834–1848
Succeeded by
Georg