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Josep Maria Jujol i Gibert (Catalan pronunciation: [ʒuˈzɛb məˈɾi.ə ʒuˈʒɔl]; 16 September 1879 – 1 May 1949) was a Spanish architect. Jujol's wide field of activity ranged from furniture designs and painting, to architecture. He worked with Antoni Gaudí on many of his most famous works. Among Jujol's projects are Casa Batlló, Casa Milà, Park Güell, and Our Lady of Montserrat, and among his design styles are Modernisme and Art Nouveau.

Josep Maria Jujol i Gibert
Jujol-JosepMaria-9119.jpg
Bust of Josep Maria Jujol at the Tarragona Theatre
Born(1879-09-16)16 September 1879
Died1 May 1949(1949-05-01) (aged 69)
NationalitySpanish
OccupationArchitect
BuildingsCasa Batlló, Casa Milà, Park Güell, Our Lady of Montserrat

Contents

BiographyEdit

Early lifeEdit

Josep Maria Jujol was born in Tarragona where he lived until age 9. He was the son of Andreu Jujol, a school director, and of Teresa Gibert i Vives. He was born on the top floor of the public school, Sant Joan, where his father worked. He began to draw at an early age, and always had an admiration for nature. According to his biography, he would roam the hills of Tarragona and its Roman ruins. They lived at the school for nine years before his father was transferred in 1888 to Carrer Zurbano in Gràcia, which is now integrated into the City of Barcelona.

Architecture careerEdit

BarcelonaEdit

 
Casa Planells, in Barcelona, before it was restored
 
One of his earlier commissions, Trinity altar in the Basilica de Santa Maria del Mar.
 
Casa Batlló, his first project with Antoni Gaudí.

Jujol's father was transferred once again in 1893 to the City of Barcelona. There Jujol began to walk the medieval district, developed an admiration for gothic architecture and began to draft the buildings. The family moved to the Gran Via in the Eixample District of Barcelona, where he experienced modern and modernist buildings. In 1901, he was accepted in the Architectural program in Barcelona. While attending school, he first worked with Antoni Maria Gallissa i Soqué (Don Antoni), whom he admired as a person and an architect. His first project was a commission for Don Antoni to decorate the street called Carrer Fenen for the Mercè Festival (Festes de la Mercè). Jujol had to create the metal frames and stained glass windows. He continued to work for Don Antoni until 1903. He then began to work in the studio of Josep Font i Gumà. Where he collaborated with him on the Trinity altar in the Basilica de Santa Maria del Mar. In his spare time he completed plans for an amusement park that was to emulate the solar system. The plan was never revived.

Independent workEdit

In 1906 he received his certificate as an architect and was able to work on his own. One of his first projects was to decorate Don Antoni's entrance stairway with his trademark sgraffito.

Jujol became acquainted with Antoni Gaudí through their mutual friend, Dr. Santaló. Gaudí soon worked in partnership with Jujol. Their first project together was Casa Batlló. It is speculated in Jujol's biography that he had a great influence on Gaudí's use of colour and shapes. However, this is not for certain. In any case, Gaudí had great respect for Jujol's views and entrusted him as a collaborator on his projects for many years.

DeathEdit

Jujol died at Barcelona in 1949.

WorksEdit

 
Montserrat Church in Montferri, Alt Camp, near Tarragona.

GalleryEdit

SourcesEdit

  • Josep, Maria Jujol Jr., The Architecture of Jujol, trans. by Ronald Christ, SITES Books, Santa Fe. 1996.
  • Ignasi de Solà-Morales: Jujol, Ediciones Poligrafa, 1990

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 41°12′32″N 1°15′55″E / 41.20889°N 1.26528°E / 41.20889; 1.26528