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Jose Panganiban, Camarines Norte

Jose Panganiban, officially the Municipality of Jose Panganiban, is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Camarines Norte, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 59,639 people.[3]

Jose Panganiban
Municipality of Jose Panganiban
View from the mountain
View from the mountain
Official seal of Jose Panganiban
Alay sa Diyos at sa Bayan
Map of Camarines Norte with Jose Panganiban highlighted
Map of Camarines Norte with Jose Panganiban highlighted
Jose Panganiban is located in Philippines
Jose Panganiban
Jose Panganiban
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°18′N 122°42′E / 14.3°N 122.7°E / 14.3; 122.7Coordinates: 14°18′N 122°42′E / 14.3°N 122.7°E / 14.3; 122.7
Country Philippines
RegionBicol Region (Region V)
ProvinceCamarines Norte
District1st district
RenamedDecember 1, 1934
Named forJose Maria Panganiban
Barangays27 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorAriel M. Non
 • Vice MayorChristabell Angelica R. Abaño
 • CongressmanJosefina B. Tallado
 • Electorate34,045 voters (2019)
 • Total214.44 km2 (82.80 sq mi)
 (2015 census)[3]
 • Total59,639
 • Density280/km2 (720/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)54
Climate typetropical rainforest climate
Income class2nd municipal income class
Revenue (₱)138,943,962.40 (2016)
Native languagesManide

The municipality was formerly known as Mambulao, a word taken from “mambulawan,” meaning bountiful in gold. It was renamed to honor José María Panganiban on December 1, 1934.[4]


Jose Panganiban is politically subdivided into 27 barangays.

  • Bagong Bayan
  • Calero
  • Dahican
  • Dayhagan
  • Larap
  • Luklukan Norte
  • Luklukan Sur
  • Motherlode
  • Nakalaya
  • Osmeña
  • Pag-Asa
  • Parang
  • Plaridel
  • North Poblacion
  • South Poblacion
  • Salvacion
  • San Isidro
  • San Jose
  • San Martin
  • San Pedro
  • San Rafael
  • Santa Cruz
  • Santa Elena
  • Santa Milagrosa
  • Santa Rosa Norte
  • Santa Rosa Sur
  • Tamisan


YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 1,370—    
1918 2,035+2.67%
1939 20,889+11.73%
1948 8,485−9.53%
1960 27,144+10.17%
1970 34,164+2.32%
1975 32,746−0.85%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1980 30,260−1.57%
1990 44,408+3.91%
1995 45,396+0.41%
2000 46,064+0.31%
2007 49,028+0.86%
2010 55,557+4.65%
2015 59,639+1.36%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][5][6][7]

In the 2015 census, the population of Jose Panganiban was 59,639 people,[3] with a density of 280 inhabitants per square kilometre or 730 inhabitants per square mile.


Climate data for Jose Panganiban, Camarines Norte
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27
Average low °C (°F) 22
Average precipitation mm (inches) 85
Average rainy days 15.4 11.6 13.6 12.3 19.9 23.7 27.3 26.0 26.0 24.6 21.8 19.1 241.3
Source: Meteoblue [8]


Christian churches:

Roman Catholic churches:

  • Parish of Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary
  • Parish of Saint Roch in Larap
  • The Feast Light Jose Panganiban, Camarines Norte


Mambulao Bay


It is known that even before the colonizers came, Mambulao was already a flourishing mining town. It was the Spaniards, drawn by the rumor of immense gold deposits in the Mambulao-Paracale district, who mastered in exploring the gold mining potentials of these towns.

From the 1750s to 1800s, Paracale held the major Spanish mines, but due to its closure in the 1790s, its people were living in desultory gold washing, fishing and selling betel nut to Mambulao which has now became the mining center. During that time, there were plenty of small shops but there’s no rice fields and vegetable gardening. All necessities came from Ambos Camarines and Tayabas (Quezon). Fifteen years later, the mines of Mambulao were no longer open. There was still some haphazard gold washing by women of Indio Class whose husbands, it was alleged, gambled away their meager earning in card games run by the town mayor. But by 1818, the population was back to the levels of the 1790s and by the mid-1820s annual gold production levels ran as 3,200 ounces (90.7 kg.) worth Php. 44,000 at prevailing prices. By 1829, Camarines Norte was considered to be wealthy and populous enough to warrant separation as province of its own for the first time. But after the 1840s the mining and population declined. Dr. Fedor Jagor (in his book Travels in the Philippines and The former Philippines thru Foreign Eyes), a well known German traveler who visited Mambulao in 1859, reported that it was thinly populated and that the mining mania was already ruined.[9] From 1837 to 1876 the population of Mambulao and Paracale decreased by 30%.

From 1900 until the early twenties, Mambulao was a sleepy town, isolated from the other towns of Camarines Norte. During the gold bloom, it was dubbed as “Little Manila”, due to flourishing business operated by Filipinos, Chinese, Japanese, Syrians and many others. Dutch-born Filipino citizen Jan Hendrik Marsman operated two rich mines during the American occupation, a substantial dredging operation and the Philippines only smelter located in the Mambulao- Paracale district. The population quadrupled between 1918 and 1938. One of the most notable mining company to operate in this municipality is the Philippine Iron Mines, then the largest iron mine in Asia.

Mining companies operating in Jose Panganiban include:

  • Philippine Iron Mines (defunct) 1925 to 1975, then biggest iron mine in Asia
  • San Mauricio Mining Company (defunct) 1933
  • Benguet Gold Mining Corporation (defunct)
  • Motherlode Mining Company (defunct)
  • J. G. Realty and Mining Company (defunct) 1987-1997
  • Johson Gold Mining Corporation[10]
  • Investwell Mining (mining arm of Isabelo Fonacier Mining)[11]
  • Ferro Management and Consultancy Group Inc. (FMCGI) 2008

Jose Panganiban Special Economic ZonesEdit

  • JP-SEZ (1): Situated in Barangay Osmena, Jose Panganiban. Primo Oleochemicals, Inc. and Pan Century Surfactants Inc. under the Aditya Birla Group formerly operates in the area.[12] New investors are being eyed to re-operate the facilities left by the former companies.
  • JP-SEZ (2): Situated in Barangay Larap, Jose Panganiban created under Presidential Proclamation No. 508, s. 2003 and now recognised as Global Industrial/Maritime Complex.[13][14] The area, 200 hectares in size, is being developed as part of the Larap Integrated Development Project. The Larap Integrated Development Project (LIDP) is undertaken by Penson and Company, Inc. and its partners – Hanin, Phenix Garuda and Tradetek for the Municipality of Jose Panganiban and the Philippine Economic Zone Authority (PEZA) with the objective of developing the area as the model community and jewel of urban development in the Bicol region.[15] Relocation of illegal houses built within the area are being undertaken.

Places of interestEdit

Historical landmarksEdit

Jose Maria Panganiban y Enverga's Monument in front of the Municipal Hall. Known to have "Memoria Fotografia", JOMAPA (his pen name) contributed to La Solidaridad.
  • Jose Maria Panganiban Monument - installed on February 1, 1985 by the National Historical Institute which contains the remains of the home-grown hero[16]
  • Roy Padilla Sr. Monument - located inside Doña Ponay park, is a monument installed as a remembrance to Governor Casimero Ruiz Padilla, father of famous and political personalities in the Philippines today. Known for his excellent leadership skill, he was undefeated in all of his political campaigns. He was assassinated in Labo, Camarines Norte at the age of 61.

Islands and beach destinationsEdit

Calalanay Island sits on the edge of the Philippine Sea, surrounding it with clear blue water.
  • Parola Island - a popular island destination in Jose Panganiban famous for its pink sand shoreline, powdery beach, and clear blue water. The island got its name from a small light tower found in the island which guides fishermen at night. Tourists are advised to contact the Municipal Tourism Office when planning to visit the island.[17]
  • Calalanay Island - This small island is a 30-minute boat ride from Larap Port. It is locally known for its white sand beach and clear blue water coming from the Philippine Sea. Tourists are advised to contact the Municipal Tourism Office when planning to visit the island.[18]
  • Isla ni Cion - Aside from its long stretch of white sand beach, Isla ni Cion boasts of its mangrove eco-park which the locals proudly take care of. A bamboo walkway will lead tourists through this dense mangrove forest. Visitors can take a boat ride from Larap port to reach this area.[19]
  • Pag-asa Beach - located in Barangay Pag-asa, this popular beach destination for locals is heavily visited during the months of March, April, and May. Small cottages and a public restroom are maintained by locals.[20]
  • Bulalacao Beach - a 30-minute travel, via motorcycle, tricycle, jeepney or your own vehicle, from the town proper, will get you to Bulalacao Beach in Barangay Luklukan Sur. The beach is named after meteor sightings by locals. Scenic views along the road will welcome tourists on their way to the beach. Bringing your own tent (tolda) or picnic table is advisable for groups visiting the area.

Other local spotsEdit

  • Fil-Nippon Fountain of Friendship Park - located in Barangay North Poblacion, Fil-Nippon Fountain of Friendship Park (or simply known as Fountain) is a park built as a symbol of friendship between Filipinos and Japanese and as a remembrance of the town's rich history with the Japanese during the time of Philippine Iron Mines.
  • Doña Ponay Park - located in Barangay South Poblacion, Doña Ponay park is built as a remembrance to Doña Apolinaria de los Reyes, popularly known as Doña Ponay, a former resident of Monte Calogcog (now known as Barangay Luklukan Norte). Her most popular story was her gift to Queen Isabella of Spain; a life-size hen with 12 chicks standing on a platter made of solid gold.[21]
  • Mambulao Boardwalk - located in Barangay North Poblacion, adjacent to Fil-Nippon Fountain of Friendship Park, Mambulao Boardwalk is a popular spot for locals to see the sun setting over Mambulao Bay.
  • Turayog Resort - located in Barangay Luklukan Norte, Turayog Resort is increasingly becoming popular among tourists and locals with its viewing deck which gives a 360-degree view of the town of Jose Panganiban.


Inside Roy Padilla Sr. Memorial Stadium

Airport and SeaportsEdit

The Larap (Jose Panganiban) Airport (ICAO Code: RPUP), formerly operated by the Philippine Iron Mines, covers an area of approximately 35 hectares and with existing 1,400 meter stretched runway.[22] It is located at Latitude 14°17′28″N Longitude 122°38′46″E.

In January 2018, mobilization for the construction of Larap Regional Airport immediately began after the ceremonial groundbreaking of Larap Integrated Development Project. Penson and Company, Inc., who will build and operate the airport, expects to rehabilitate the existing 1400 meter runway by 2018 then upgrade its length to 1900–2000 meters by 2019.[23] The airport is expected to operate commercially by 2021.[24]

The nearest commercial airports that operate regularly are Naga Airport (126 km away) in Pili, Camarines Sur and Legazpi Airport (216 km away) in Albay.

The International Port of Jose Panganiban (Latitude 14° 17’N Longitude 122° 42’E) is nearly 2 miles wide at the entrance between Calambayungan Island and Pinandungan Point and with sea distance to Manila of 468.10 nautical miles.The port is situated at Barangay Osmeña which is approximately five (5) kilometers away from the town proper of Jose Panganiban. The port serves as the passage of all water borne traffic to and from the Paracale mining area, Larap., Lucena, other Quezon town and the rest of Bicol and Visayas provinces. Copra, coconut oil and copra pellets used to be its principal exports.[25][26]

The Port of Larap Bay is a natural coastal harbor situated at Barangay Larap (Latitude 14° 18' 36" N Latutude 122° 39' 0" E), currently serving the needs of a local mining company. The harbor entrance is restricted due to swell.[27][28]

Public Land TransportationEdit

The municipal's public transportation needs are provided by Tricycles, Jeepneys (Route: Downtown to Mountainous Villages), Vans (Route: Jose Panganiban to Daet), and Buses (Routes: Jose Panganiban to Daet via Labo, Jose Panganiban to Tabaco, Albay via Naga City, and Jose Panganiban to Metro Manila). Philtranco, Superlines, and DLTB serve the Jose Panganiban/Paracale-Metro Manila route.

Electricity and Water SupplyEdit

Jose Panganiban is being served by the National Power Corporation through CANORECO (Camarines Norte Electric Cooperative). A Coal Power Plant is set to be built by H and WB Asia Pacific Pte. Ltd. by 4th quarter of 2017 which is expected to generate a total of 700 Megawatts of power supply by 2025.[29][30]

Water supply and treatment is provided by Jose Panganiban Water District, a local cooperative. The water system of Jose Panganiban Water District (JPWD) includes surface water and groundwater (through wells) as water source. It also consists of treatment facilities, pumping facilities, reservoir, pipelines and service connections. It was constructed in 1953 with the concrete intake structure (Paltic Dam) along Paltic Creek, a reservoir, pipelines and service connections as its original facilities. A series of rehabilitation projects had been implemented in Jose Panganiban consisting of source development (well drilling and construction of surface water source), provision of electromechanical facilities, pipeline extension to adjacent barangays and installation of additional service connections. [31]


Mambulao Cable Television and JP Cable TV System provide digital cable services and fixed-line internet connection throughout the municipality. Smart Communications, Globe Telecom, and Sun Cellular are the mobile, fixed-line, broadband, 3G and 4G internet service providers. International Calls are provided by the Local Government for free. Town FM 89.3 also broadcasts from the municipality.

Medical InstitutionsEdit

  • Jose Panganiban Rural Health Unit 1 - Barangay South Poblacion (East District)
  • Jose Panganiban Rural Health Unit 2 - Barangay Larap (West District)
  • Jose Panganiban Primary Hospital Services Coop. - Barangay North Poblacion
  • Barrios-Busiños Medical Clinic and Hospital - Barangay Santa Rosa Norte

Educational institutionsEdit

Jose Panganiban National High School's Administration Building (2011)


  • Camarines Norte State College - Jose Panganiban Campus (College of Engineering and Industrial Technology) formerly Camarines Norte School of Arts and Trades
  • Roy Padilla Sr. (JP) Memorial Technical and Vocational Training Center (TESDA-accredited)

Public SecondaryEdit

  • Jose Panganiban National High School
  • Larap National High School
  • Santa Cruz National High School
  • Gawad Kalinga High School

Public PrimaryEdit

Private SchoolsEdit

Listed below are private schools currently included in the Department of Education's Masterlist.[32]

Nonsectarian Schools

  • Montessori de Mambulao Learning Centre (Pre-elementary) - Plaridel
  • Wonderkids Science Montessori School (Pre-elementary) - South Poblacion

Sectarian Schools

  • Ananda Marga Special Academic Institution (Pre-elementary and Elementary) - San Rafael
  • Ave Maria Children's Center - North Poblacion
  • Good Shepered Christian Learning Center -Plaridel
  • St. Roch Children's Center - Larap

Radio stationsEdit

  • Hot FM 94.3 - Jose Panganiban (Manila Broadcasting Corporation)
  • Town FM 89.3 - Jose Panganiban

Sister CitiesEdit


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Province: Camarines Norte". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ "Municipal Profile". Official Website of Jose Panganiban. Archived from the original on 19 January 2013. Retrieved 31 December 2012.
  5. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  6. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  7. ^ "Province of Camarines Norte". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  8. ^ "Jose Panganiban, Camarines Norte: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
  9. ^ "Travels in the Philippines" (English) Reisen in den Philippinen. Chapman and Hall, London 1875
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-05-20. Retrieved 2012-12-02.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^ "Infrastracure". Archived from the original on 2012-12-28.
  23. ^
  24. ^
  25. ^
  26. ^[permanent dead link]
  27. ^
  28. ^[permanent dead link]
  29. ^ "Power Plant".
  30. ^
  31. ^ {{cite web|url=
  32. ^ "List of Schools acknowledged by the Department of Education".
  33. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-07-01. Retrieved 2012-11-27.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  34. ^

External linksEdit