Divisional General José María Bartolomé Imbert Duplessis ( Joseph Marie Barthélemy Imbert; (24 August 1798 – 14 May 1847) was a French-born Dominican military figure and a mayor of Moca.

José María Imbert
Portrait of General Imbert, c. 1840s
Birth nameJoseph Marie Barthélemy Imbert
Born24 August 1798
Le Plessis-Grammoire, France
Died14 May 1847
Puerto Plata, Dominican Republic
Allegiance Dominican Republic
Service/branch Dominican Army
Years of service1844-1847
Battles/warsDominican War of Independence
Spouse(s)María Francisca del Monte Sánchez

Early life edit

Imbert in his youth

José María Imbert was born as Joseph-Marie-Barthélemy Imbert in France, to Simon Imbert and Marie Anne du Plessis (from the house of the dukes of Richelieu)[1] in Foudon, in the commune of Le Plessis-Grammoire, in the province of Maine-et-Loire, in the historical duchy of Anjou.[2] From France, he moved to Cuba, then to Haiti and, definitively, he settled in the Dominican Republic, in the city of Moca, during the Haitian occupation.[3] At that time he was mayor there. In Moca and married María Francisca del Monte Sánchez (1807–1876) and begat 6 children, among them, Segundo Imbert.[1][2]

Dominican War of Independence edit

Independence movement edit

He supported the independence movement, led by Juan Pablo Duarte, and formed a cell of La Trinitaria in that city. From there he supported the cry of February 27, 1844 and Moca joined said movement. The Mocanos, led by José María Imbert, proclaimed Independence a few days after what happened at Puerta del Conde. He achieved the rank of General by his accumulated merits.[3]He had even supported Duarte's proclaimation as president by his supporters in Santiago.

Battle of Santiago edit

Illustration of Imbert in the Battle of Santiago, artwork by José Alloza.

By the beginning of March 1844, Matías Ramón Mella, became Governor of the District of Santiago and Military Chief of the area, and designated José María Imbert from Moca his lieutenant, the second in command of the army in Cibao. On March 29, 1844, the Haitian army of Gen. Jean-Louis Pierrot was approaching Santiago. The commander Matías Ramón Mella is caught out of town recruiting men for the improvised Dominican army will defend the country. José María Imbert managed the defense of the city with the help of Fernando Valerio, Ángel Antonio Reyes, and José María López. Imbert's role on the Battle of Santiago was crucial for the crushing victory over the Haitian Army. In 1845, Imbert being a lieutenant of Francisco Antonio Salcedo, he fought the Haitians in Beler defeating them again.

Death edit

Finished that campaign, he rejoined Moca, as Commander of Arms. From there he went to the same office at Puerto Plata, where he died in 1847.

His children, great-grandchildren and great-great-grandchildren would have a very notable participation in Dominican history. His son, Segundo Imbert Del Monte, was a hero of the Restoration and Vice President of the Republic, in 1887.

Segundo Imbert Barrera fought the Trujillo dictatorship and was involved in the Internal Front of Puerto Plata, in the Invasion of Luperón, in 1949, chaired by Fernando Spignolio and Fernando Suárez. He has been a character little studied by our historians. He was vilely murdered by orders of Ramfis Trujillo Martínez, after the assassination of Trujillo on 30 May 1961, in which his brother, Antonio Imbert Barrera, participated.[3]

The Executive Branch ordered, through Decree No. 2140, of 1972, the transfer of the remains of General José María Imbert to the National Pantheon.[3] Currenrly, He is buried at the Cathedral of Santiago, along with other heroes of the Independence and the Restoration Wars.

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b Arthur Noel, Víctor José (18 June 2005). "La familia Imbert y el cardenal Richeliu" (in Spanish). Dominican Institute of Genealogy. Archived from the original on 15 December 2014. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  2. ^ a b "General José María Imbert Duplessis". Historia Dominicana en Gráficas (in Spanish). 17 April 2016. Retrieved 14 February 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d "General José María Imbert". Acento (in Spanish). Retrieved 6 February 2024.