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Jornal Nacional (Brazilian Portuguese: [ʒox'naw nasjo'naw]; Portuguese for National News or National Journal) is a Brazilian Emmy-winning[1] primetime news program aired by Rede Globo since September 1, 1969. It was the first news program broadcast live by a television network throughout Brazil.

Jornal Nacional
Jornal Nacional (logo).png
Created byArmando Nogueira
Presented by
Theme music composerFrank De Vol
Opening theme"The Fuzz" (Instrumental)
Country of originBrazil
Original language(s)Portuguese
Production
Producer(s)
  • Ali Kamel
  • Silvia Faria
Editor(s)
  • Carlos Eduardo Bauer
  • Erick Hart
  • Geovana Lima
  • Isabella Guberman
  • João Paulo Garschagen
  • José Alan
  • Leopoldo Long
  • Maria Esperidião
  • Regina Montella
  • Ricardo Pereira
Running time
  • 40 minutes (Monday-Tuesday, Thursday-Saturday)
  • 25-30 minutes (Wednesday)
Production company(s)Central Globo de Jornalismo
Distributor
  • Rede Globo
  • TV Globo Internacional
  • Globoplay
Release
Original networkRede Globo
Picture format
Original releaseSeptember 1, 1969 (1969-09-01) –
present
Chronology
Preceded byJornal da Globo (first incarnation)
External links
Website

According to Ibope (Brazilian Institute of Public Opinion and Statistics), in the week of September 28—October 4, 2015 was the second most watched program of the Brazilian television, with an average of 26,007,251 viewers per minute and for 5,5 million people worldwide via Globo International.[1]

HistoryEdit

 
William Bonner (left) and Renata Vasconcellos (right), main hosts.

Jornal Nacional premiered on September 1, 1969, hosted by Hilton Gomes and Cid Moreira, the first Rio de Janeiro-produced newscast to be shown nationwide. Months later, the program featured the network's first female weekend presenter Márcia Mendes.

During the 1970s, Jornal Nacional preferred to emphasize international news and sports. The British documentary Beyond Citizen Kane suggests that this happened so that Globo wouldn't have to report the repression of the military dictatorship, which would have provided a substantial part of the network's growth. Despite this, the program introduced new innovations (color broadcasts in 1970, via satellite reports in 1974, live reports in 1977 and videotape footage in 1978).

Through the 1980s, three episodes involving the program caused controversy. In 1982, Jornal Nacional's coverage of the state elections of Rio de Janeiro was accused of participating in a plot to fraud the elections. According to former Rede Globo employee Roméro da Costa Machado, Leonel Brizola, a candidate of the opposition to the military regime, was a politician historically persecuted by Rede Globo owner Roberto Marinho. Two years later, the program was accused of omitting information about the Diretas Já, a popular campaign for the resuming of the direct election for president, near the end of dictatorship. Finally, in 1989, Jornal Nacional was accused of editing a presidential debate between runoff candidates Fernando Collor and Luis Inacio Lula da Silva in order to favour Collor. This episode is also extensively debated on Beyond Citizen Kane.

In the 1990s, the quality of Rede Globo's journalism increased dramatically. Jornal Nacional presented its viewers breaking stories such as police brutality at favelas, an interview with Paulo César Farias when he was on the run from the law, corruption cases on the social security, the kicking of the saint incident among several others.

In recent days, after the death of Marinho, Rede Globo's journalism again declined in quality. Jornal Nacional has preferred to broadcast stories produced on the Southeast, in spite of Globo having affiliates in every Brazilian state. During the so-called Mensalão scandal and the 2006 general elections, Jornal Nacional was once again accused of airing anti-Lula biased news. Even worse, it lost great part of its viewership to Rede Record's Jornal da Record, which copied its style and also features former Jornal Nacional anchors, Celso Freitas and Marcos Hummel (as a relief presenter for Jornal da Record), and was known to be widely preferred as a more credible newscast than Jornal Nacional. On November 2005, host William Bonner caused controversy after he compared the average Jornal Nacional viewer with Homer Simpson, the ignorant main character of the American animated series The Simpsons.[2][3][4]

As part of Rede Globo's 50th anniversary, Jornal Nacional was in 2015 given a brand new look and a brand new intro, however, the theme tune will remain unchanged. Between March 17 and April 27 that year, the newscast aired on chroma key.[5][6][7]

On June 19, 2017, Jornal Nacional began airing from the new Rio de Janeiro newsroom at Globo headquarters, especially for the news television GloboNews and news portal G1. The newscast, after the move to the new newsroom, are also given a brand new look and a brand new intro, however, the theme tune was modified.[8]

As part of the newscast's golden jubilee season in 2019, Rede Globo announced in July that from September to November, the Saturday edition would be presented by broadcasters from the channel's regional affilate stations in an effort not just to reflect the newscast's national reach but also to give back to the millions who tuned in for over half a century.

HostsEdit

After almost 40 years of broadcast, several reporters hosted Jornal Nacional. Hilton Gomes and Cid Moreira were the first hosts. In 1971, Sérgio Chapelin replaced Gomes and joined Moreira as the longest-running duo of Jornal Nacional hosts. In 1983, Chapelin was replaced by Celso Freitas. Chapelin returned in 1989, hosting again with Moreira until 1996. In that year, William Bonner and Lillian Witte Fibe began serving as hosts. From 1998 and prior to December 5, 2011, Witte Fibe was replaced by Bonner's now ex-wife, Fátima Bernardes. Bonner and Bernardes recently tied with Chapelin and Moreira as the longest-running duo of Jornal Nacional hosts. From October 31, 2014, the former host of Fantástico, Renata Vasconcellos replaced Patrícia Poeta (who also replaced Fátima) and joined Bonner as the current hosts of this programme.[9][10][11]

Main presentersEdit

Former presentersEdit
  • Hilton Gomes (1969–1971)
  • Cid Moreira (1969–1996)
  • Sérgio Chapelin (1971–1983; 1989–1996)
  • Celso Freitas (1983–1989)
  • Lillian Witte Fibe (1996–1998)
  • Fátima Bernardes (1998–2011)
  • Patrícia Poeta (2011–2014)

Weather forecastingEdit

  • Fabiana Scaranzi (2000–2004)
  • Rosana Jatobá (2004–2013)
  • Flávia Freire (2012-2013)
  • Michelle Loreto (2013-2015)
  • Maria Júlia Coutinho (2015-2019)
  • Anne Lottermann (since 2019)

Relief presentersEdit

Special Relief presenters for the 50th golden anniversary seasonEdit

RatingsEdit

Year Viewers
(in points)[13]
Share (%)[14]
2000 39.4[15] 56,6
2001 37.8[16] 56,6
2002 36.6 55,2
2003 36.6 56,7
2004 40[17]
(39.8)
61,9
2005 35.8 54,8
2006 36.4 54,3
2007 34.0 53,8
2008 32.4 50,9
2009 30.9 50,4
2010 29.8 49,3
2011 32.0 52,4
2012 28.2[18] 48,5
2013 26[19] 45%
2014 23[20] 37%

CriticismEdit

Some of the news aired by Jornal Nacional are criticized for not representing all points of view, manipulating news[21][22] and being sensationalist.[23][24][25]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Pop & Arte (September 26, 2011). "Jornal Nacional ganha o Emmy Internacional". G1.
  2. ^ "Folha Online - Ilustrada - Crítica: Homer Simpson desafia "Jornal Nacional"". www1.folha.uol.com.br. January 19, 2006. Retrieved March 13, 2016.
  3. ^ "Homer Simpson, o brasileiro médio, segundo Bonner - Cultura - Estadão". estadao.com.br. Retrieved March 13, 2016.
  4. ^ "Folha Online - Ilustrada - Bonner rebate crítica sobre caso "Homer"". www1.folha.uol.com.br. December 6, 2005. Retrieved March 13, 2016.
  5. ^ Já é Notícia - jaenoticia@jaenoticia.com.br. "Em obras, Jornal Nacional vai ao ar com cenário falso e irrita jornalistas - JÁ É NOTÍCIA - NA VELOCIDADE DOS ACONTECIMENTOS". jaenoticia.com.br. Retrieved March 13, 2016.
  6. ^ "Globo adia estreia do novo cenário do "Jornal Nacional" - CdB | Jornal Correio do Brasil". Archived from the original on April 15, 2015. Retrieved March 13, 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  7. ^ "Jornal Nacional adia estreia de novo cenário | Na Ponta da Língua". wp.clicrbs.com.br. Retrieved March 13, 2016.
  8. ^ "An inside look at Globo's augmented reality news studio". NewscastStudio. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
  9. ^ UOL SP (September 15, 2014). "Patrícia Poeta deixará o "Jornal Nacional" em novembro". UOL Televisão. Retrieved September 15, 2014.
  10. ^ Extra (September 15, 2014). "Patrícia Poeta será substituída por Renata Vasconcellos no 'Jornal Nacional'". Extra. Retrieved September 15, 2014.
  11. ^ Redação (September 15, 2014). "Poeta deixa Jornal Nacional; Renata Vasconcelos assume bancada". UOL. Notícias da TV. Retrieved September 15, 2014.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa "Globo define rodízio de apresentadores em edição comemorativa do Jornal Nacional". Felipe Brandão - Observatório da Televisão. August 2, 2019. Retrieved September 1, 2019.
  13. ^ UOL - Ooops!. Desde 2000, "JN" perdeu um terço do público
  14. ^ Luis Soares. Audiência do Jornal Nacional em queda livre
  15. ^ R7.com. Jornal Nacional despenca na audiência e perde um terço do público desde 2000
  16. ^ O DIA. 'Jornal Nacional' tem pior audiência desde 2000
  17. ^ Folha de S. Paulo (2006). Audiência do "Jornal Nacional" despenca; novela "Belíssima" também cai
  18. ^ Folha de S. Paulo. "Jornal Nacional" tem o pior desempenho no ibope desde 2000. UOL.
  19. ^ Folha de S. Paulo. "Jornal Nacional" perde um terço de sua audiência em dez anos. UOL.
  20. ^ "Jornal Nacional" renovado cresce em audiência
  21. ^ "Jornal Nacional manipulou denúncias sobre Petrobras-Alstom | GGN". jornalggn.com.br. Retrieved March 13, 2016.
  22. ^ "As manifestações de 2013 no Brasil vistas pelo Jornal Nacional (Rede Globo) | Camila Moreira Cesar - Academia.edu". academia.edu. Retrieved March 13, 2016.
  23. ^ "Analistas critican cobertura "sensacionalista" de tragedia en discoteca brasileña | Knight Center for Journalism in the Americas". knightcenter.utexas.edu. Retrieved March 13, 2016.
  24. ^ Medeiros, Flavia Natércia da Silva; Massarani, Luisa. "Pandemic on the air: a case study on the coverage of new influenza A/H1N1 by Brazilian prime time TV news", 21 September 2010. Retrieved on 31 January 2016.
  25. ^ Boldrin, Mariana M. "A IMAGINAÇÃO MELODRAMÁTICA NO JORNAL NACIONAL", Universidade Federal de Goias, 2015. Retrieved on 31 January 2016.

External linksEdit