Jorightu Khan Yesüder

Jorightu Khan (Yesüder?) (Mongolian: Зоригт хаан; Chinese: 也速迭兒; 1358–1392) was a Mongol Khagan of the Northern Yuan dynasty based in the Mongolian Plateau. There are questions about the identity of Jorightu: some scholars believe that Jorightu was Yesüder who was a descendant of Ariq Böke and that Engke Khan was Yesüder's son succeeding him, while other believe that the two were the same person with different titles. His title or name "Jorightu Khagan" means "Brave King" in the Mongolian language.

Jorightu Khan
Khagan of the Mongols
Энх хаан 1359-1392.jpg
Khagan of Northern Yuan dynasty
PredecessorUskhal Khan Tögüs Temür
SuccessorEngke Khan
Died1392 (aged 33–34)
ConsortDaughter of Biligtü Khan Ayushiridara
IssueJorightu Khan (Зоригт Хаан)
DynastyNorthern Yuan dynasty

After the murder of Uskhal Khan by Yesüder, the Mongols quickly disintegrated. Gunashiri, a descendant of Chagatai Khan, founded his own small state Qara Del in Hami.[1] Uskhal Khan's former minister, Necelai, submitted to Ming China in 1389 and the Ming established a Mongol guard of Tyuanin (also known as Three Guards) under him in Daiying, modern Inner Mongolia. However, the late khan's chingsang, Shirmen, allied with Yesüder, killed Necelai.

The former prince of Liaodang and one of the leaders of the Three Guards, Ajashir, threw his allegiance to Yesüder some time after 1389. In 1392, the Ming army invaded Mongolia and captured many cattle and men and Jorightu Khan most likely died in the battle.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Amitai-Preiss, Reuven; Morgan, David (2000). The Mongol Empire and Its Legacy. Brill. p. 294. ISBN 9789004119468.
Jorightu Khan Yesüder
 Died: 1392
Regnal titles
Preceded by
none, Uskhal Khan Tögüs Temür as Emperor of the Northern Yuan
Khan of the Mongol
Succeeded by
Engke Khan