Jorge Robledo (conquistador)

Jorge Robledo (1500, Úbeda, Jaén, Spain – 5 October 1546, La Merced, Caldas, New Kingdom of Granada) was a Spanish conquistador. He traveled in Colombia, Guatemala,[citation needed] and Peru and was executed by decapitation by order of Sebastián de Belalcázar.

Jorge Robledo
Jorge Robledo-Busto-Medellin.JPG
Bust of Jorge Robledo in Medellín
Nickname(s)Conquistador of Antioquia
El Mariscal
Úbeda, Jaén, Spain
DiedOctober 5, 1546(1546-10-05) (aged 45–46)
La Merced, Caldas, New Kingdom of Granada
AllegianceSpanish Empire
Years of service1521–1543
Battles/warsItalian War of 1521–1526
Battle of Cajamarca
Conquest of Antioquia


Jorge Robledo was born in the year 1500 in Úbeda, Jaén, Andalusia, Spain, with unknown parents.[1] He is first mentioned in the historical chronicles as soldier in the army of Lorenzo de Aldana, who was sent north by Francisco Pizarro in 1539 towards the newly founded province of Popayán.[1] He founded the cities of Santa Ana de los Caballeros (present-day Anserma, Caldas) on July 26, 1539,[1] Cartago, Valle del Cauca (as Arma) in 1540, and Santa Fe de Antioquia in 1541, beating the Nutabe. After this, he spent three years in Spain where he married María de Carvajal y Mendoza, called La Mariscala. His wife was also from Úbeda. Robledo returned to the New Kingdom of Granada with his spouse and many relatives.[1] Jorge Robledo was executed by decapitation on October 5, 1546, by founder of Popayán Sebastián de Belalcázar, in whose expedition he was a captain, over a dispute of the Governorship of these towns.[2] His widow Mariá de Carvajal later remarried first Pedro Briceño and later president of the Audiencia Francisco Briceño.[3]


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c d Banco de la República
  2. ^ Jorge Robledo - Geni
  3. ^ Rodríguez Freyle, 1979 (1638), p.88