Jorge Reynolds Pombo

Jorge Reynolds Pombo is an electrical and bio- engineer born in Colombia (June 22, 1936, Bogota), despite the popular belief in Colombia, Jorge Reynolds Pombo did not invent the pacemaker, that was done in 1952 by the American Paul Zoll. In 1957, Earl Bakken of Minneapolis, Minnesota, produced the first wearable external pacemaker for a pediatric patient of C. Walton Lillehei. The Swede Rune Elmqvist (1906-1996) developed the first pacemakern internally implanted in 1958.

Jorge Reynolds Pombo
Jorge Reynolds.jpg
Born (1936-06-22) June 22, 1936 (age 83)
EducationTrinity College (Cambridge)[citation needed]

Studies and researchEdit

During his school years, he studied in Bogotá, Colombia. He attended Trinity College at Cambridge, England. Reynolds obtained an undergraduate degree in electronic engineering. [1]

In 1999 he designed a pacemaker for the prevention of thrombosis in tourist class passengers, with the help of Jorge Ulloa.[citation needed]

Since 1991 there have been six underwater acoustic research cruises to study the heart of whales, using submarines provided by the Navy of Colombia as a platform for acoustic studies of whales, with the support of some Navy ships to facilitate investigative work. In his research he has found that the heart of cetaceans and humans are similar and so for more than thirty years he has been studying these animals and then applying the results to humans.

In August 2011, he announced the launch of a pacemaker as small as one-third of a grain of rice, which does not need a battery. Such pacemakers may be seen by cardiologists "from anywhere in the world", he said in the IV Inventors and High Technology Hall in Medellín.[citation needed]

Awards and achievementsEdit

Reynolds has received three honorary doctorates in medicine, for his contributions to research and development of technologies for cardiology. Also, add[clarification needed] more than 70 productions including documentaries, short, and full-length films made with the help of important scientific channels like National Geographic, and Discovery Channel, among others.[citation needed]

He is a member of at least 34 scientific societies in Colombia and abroad, some of them as an honorary member.[2] He is a member of the Academy of Sciences in New York since 1989, the Colombian Academy of Exact, Physical and Natural Sciences since 1989, and also an Associate Member of the National Academy of Medicine since 2004. He is also a founding member of several scientific societies.


  • Voyage to the Heart of Whales (1998)


  1. ^ Héctor Cañón (2008). Récords y hazañas de colombianos. Editorial Norma. pp. 171–. ISBN 978-958-45-1525-4.
  2. ^ Levitt, James N. Conservation in the Internet Age: Threats And Opportunities. 1st edition. Washington DC: Island Press, 2002. 212. Print.

External linksEdit