Jordi Savall i Bernadet (Catalan: [ˈʒɔɾði səˈβaʎ i βəɾnəˈðɛt]; born August 1, 1941) is a Catalan conductor and viol player. He has been one of the major figures in the field of Western early music since the 1970s, largely responsible for popularizing the viol family of instruments (notably the viola da gamba) in contemporary performance and recording. As a historian of early music his repertoire features everything from medieval, Renaissance and Baroque through to the Classical and Romantic periods. He has incorporated non-western musical traditions in his work; including African vernacular music.
Savall in 2016
|Birth name||Jordi Savall i Bernadet|
|Born||August 1, 1941|
Igualada, Barcelona, Spain
|Genres||Classical, western early music|
|Occupation(s)||Conductor, gambist, composer|
|Instruments||Viola da gamba, viola da braccio|
|Labels||EMI Classics, Astrée, Alia Vox|
His musical training started at age six in the school choir of his native Igualada (1947–55). After graduating from the Barcelona's Conservatory of Music (where he studied from 1959 to 1965) he specialized in early music, collaborating with Ars Musicae de Barcelona under Enric Gispert, studying with August Wenzinger at the Schola Cantorum Basiliensis in Basel, Switzerland (1968–70) and eventually succeeding Wenzinger in 1974 as professor of viola da gamba at the Schola Cantorum Basiliensis.
In 1974 he formed the ensemble Hespèrion XX (known since 2000 as Hespèrion XXI), together with his wife soprano Montserrat Figueras, Lorenzo Alpert and Hopkinson Smith. Hespèrion XX favored a style of interpretation characterized simultaneously by great musical vitality and maximum historical accuracy.
In 1987 he returned to Barcelona to found La Capella Reial de Catalunya, a vocal ensemble devoted to pre-eighteenth-century music.
In 1989 he founded Le Concert des Nations, an orchestra generally emphasizing Baroque period, but sometimes also Classical and even Romantic music such as, for example, Sinfonía [por] Grande Orquesta by Juan Crisóstomo Arriaga) (1806-1826).
More recently Savall has performed with family members. The family ensemble has included his wife Montserrat Figueras (who died in 2011) and their two children, Arianna and Ferran. Arianna plays the harp and sings, like her mother; Ferran plays the theorbo (bass lute) and sings, not only with his family but also in Barcelona jazz clubs.
Savall has incorporated non-western musical traditions in his work; including African vernacular music in Les Routes De L’Esclavage or The Routes of Slavery (2017).
Savall's discography includes more than 100 recordings. Originally recording with EMI Classics, and then from 1975 on Michel Bernstein's Astrée label, since 1998 he has recorded on his own label, Alia Vox.
Honours and awardsEdit
- 2000 - Premi d'Honor Lluís Carulla for service to Catalan culture or for scientific, cultural or civic works in the Catalan language
- 2006 - Honorary doctorate from the University of Barcelona
- 2008 - Appointed European Union ambassador for intercultural dialogue
- 2008 - Savall and his wife, Montserrat Figueras, were named "Artists for Peace" by UNESCO.
- 2009 - Handel Prize from the city of Halle, Germany
- 2009 - National Music Prize from the National Council of Music and Arts of Catalonia
- 2010 - Praetorius Musikpreis Niedersachsen
- 2010 - MIDEM Classical Award for his album "Jerusalem – la ville des deux Paix: La paix céleste et la paix terrestre"
- 2011 - Grammy Award for Best Small Ensemble Performance for Dinastia Borja. Església i poder al Renaixement
- 2012 - Léonie Sonning Music Prize
- 2013 - Chevalier de la Légion d'honneur (France)
- 2013 - Honorary doctorate from the University of Basel
- 2014 - Gold Medal of the Generalitat of Catalonia
- In 2014 he refused the Premio Nacional de Música awarded by the Spanish government, in protest at the government's artistic policies, accusing them of "grave incompetence" and "dramatic disinterest".
- 2016 - Honorary doctorate from Utrecht University
Discography with Alia VoxEdit
Full discography as published on Alia Vox website:
Savall adapted and performed music for the 1991 Alain Corneau film Tous les matins du monde about composers Sainte-Colombe and Marin Marais. His work on this film earned him a César award from the French film industry in 1992. The soundtrack has sold more than a million copies worldwide.
He has composed music for the following films:
- (1991) Tous les matins du monde (All the Mornings of the World) by Alain Corneau
- (1993) The Bird of Happiness (El pajaro de la felicidad) by Pilar Miró
- (1994) Joan the Maiden (Part 1: The Battles; Part 2: The Prisons) by Jacques Rivette
- (1997) Long Twilight (Hosszú alkony) by Attila Janisch
- (1997) Marquise by Véra Belmont
- (1998) Secret Defense (Top Secret) by Jacques Rivette
In popular cultureEdit
- Savall and his wife are characters in a 2009 work of fiction, Sır (Secret), by Turkish writer Enis Batur. The plot includes a surprise birthday party for Jordi Savall.
- Alex Ross, "The King of Spain: Jordi Savall at the Metropolitan Museum", The New Yorker, May 2, 2005.
- "Jordi Savall Explores the Musical Legacy of 'The Routes of Slavery'". KQED. 2018-11-03. Retrieved 2020-01-11.
- "Alia Vox - Alia Vox". Alia-vox.com. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
- "Catalogue - Alia Vox". Alia-vox.com. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
- Léonie Sonning Music Foundation official website Archived 2002-05-26 at the Wayback Machine
- "Jordi Savall rep les insígnies de Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur, prestigiosa distinció que atorga el govern francès". Acn.cat. Archived from the original on 28 June 2013. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
- Clive Paget (October 31, 2014). "Jordi Savall lambasts government as he refuses National Music Award". Limelight. Archived from the original on 2016-06-07. Retrieved 2016-06-18.
- "Jordi Savall, Montserrat Figueras, Hespèrion XXI, La Capella Reial de Catalunya, Le Concert des Nations, Arianna Savall". ALIA VOX (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-03-28.
- Media related to Jordi Savall at Wikimedia Commons
- Alia-vox.com, Jordi Savall's official website.
- Complete discography at Medieval.org
- The private website Classic @ la carte is devoted primarily to Jordi Savall's works.
- Misteria Paschalia Festival
- Zachary Woolfe, Interview, "Jordi Savall's Never-ending Repertory", New York Times, 27 March 2015. Retrieved 31 March 2015
- "Jordi Savall". Festivalenescu.ro. 21 April 2017. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
- "Jordi Savall". Gramophone.co.uk. Retrieved 9 April 2018.