Jordanian–Syrian border incidents during the Syrian Civil War
Jordanian–Syrian border incidents during the Syrian Civil War refers to violent incidents on the arid 379 km (235 mi) Jordanian-Syrian border on the course of the Syrian Civil War.
|Jordanian–Syrian border incidents during the Syrian Civil War|
|Part of Spillover of the Syrian Civil War|
Jordanian border patrol outpost
|Casualties and losses|
|≈100 killed, hundreds arrested|
The Raytheon defence company has provided the Jordanian Armed Forces with a high-tech security system (not a wall) stretching across the wide borders between the two countries. The security system has enabled the Jordanian border patrol units to discover and deal with several border infiltrations. The system detects the movement of militias before reaching Jordanian territory and the army issues warnings to the infiltrators and when the warnings go ignored, they are exterminated, according to established rules of engagement.
Jordan says that drug smuggling attempts have increased by 3-fold since the start of the Syrian civil war. All infiltration attempts have been foiled.
Overview as of 17 March 2017.
|Number of infiltrations||85||79||24||188|
|Number of people involved||132||151||65||348|
On October 2012, Islamic militants attempted to infiltrate Jordan from Syria during the Syrian civil war. One militant was severely injured and 4 were killed, the clash resulted in the death of one Jordanian soldier, the first Jordanian military personnel to be killed during the Syrian civil war. 13 IS members involved were arrested while the rest retreated back to Syrian territory.
|April 2014 Jordanian–Syrian border airstrike|
|Part of Syrian civil war|
Jordan and Syria
|Objective||Destroy a convoy attempting to penetrate Jordan|
|Date||16 April 2014|
|Executed by||Royal Jordanian Air Force|
|Outcome||Destruction of the convoy|
On 16 April 2014, the Jordanian Air Force bombed a convoy of vehicles on the Syrian-Jordanian border. Reportedly, the airstrike took place when the convoy attempted to penetrate the Jordanian border from Syria.
Though Syrian involvement was proposed, a Syrian military official said the vehicles did not belong to the Syrian army. A Jordanian security source said the targets appeared to have been Syrian rebels with machine guns mounted on civilian vehicles who were seeking refuge from fighting with government forces in southern Syria.
On 23 January, a total of 36 armed men tried to infiltrate the border and an engagement with Jordanian border patrol left 12 dead infiltrators while the rest retreated back into Syria. They were found to have 2 million drug pills. The spokesperson also stated that "Jordan will not tolerate any infiltration attempt and will strike with an iron fist to whoever tries to disrupt Jordanian national security".
On 7 February, two men exploited the foggy weather conditions and tried to infiltrate. They were exterminated, according to rules of engagement, according to the Jordan Armed Forces spokesperson. The spokesperson warned that anyone trying to infiltrate will face the same fate.
On 24 February, two vehicles exploited the foggy weather and attempted to infiltrate, an engagement with the border patrols left 1 dead and 6 injured which were taken into custody.
On the dawn of 21 June, a booby-trapped car exploded near a Jordanian Armed Forces outpost in the extreme north-eastern point of Rukban, a remote makeshift Syrian refugee camp. The attack left 6 dead and 14 injured Jordanian soldiers. As a result of the incident, the Jordan-Syria border has been declared as a "closed military zone". Jordanian minister of foreign affairs Nasser Judeh said in a press conference "we don't need a hideous terrorist attack like this one to prove to the world the legitimacy of our security concerns".
The country has also stated that it will halt the expansion or construction of refugee camps. Following the incident, delivery of humanitarian aid to the area was stopped due to increased security concerns. Only one food delivery was allowed since the attack, however water delivery resumed two weeks following the incident. As of September 2016, around 75,000 Syrian refugees are stranded in the Rukban area under extremely poor living conditions. Due to the lack of access to medical care and clean water, the spread of diseases has increased and as a result disease-related deaths.
On 8 September 2016, a vehicle that was trying to infiltrate into Jordan was destroyed by the Jordanian border guards while it was still in Syrian territory.
3 infiltrators were killed as they approached the Jordanian borders from Syria on 27 October 2016.
A car explosion on 22 January 2017 at the Rukban refugee camp caused 11 deaths among Syrian refugees.
Seven individuals attempted to cross the border on 17 March 2017, an engagement with the border guards killed three while the rest retreated back to Syria. They were found to have large amounts of narcotics.
An infiltration attempt was foiled on 27 March 2017, ended in the death of 3. The army reported that they were trying to smuggle drugs.
Jordanian F-16 fighter jets downed an unidentified drone on 11 May 2017, near the joint borders with Syria.
Three militants on motorbikes attempted to target a Jordanian border outpost in Rukban on 3 June 2017. They were all killed, while a Jordanian soldier suffered an arm injury.
9 vehicles were destroyed and 5 infiltrators were killed on 11 June.
Border guards killed 2 infiltrators on 22 August.
A report by the Jordanian Armed Forces command revealed that during 2015, border guard patrols foiled 85 infiltration attempts involving 132 people. Infiltrating vehicles that did not meet engagement rules and were not exterminated, were found to have 1,473 pieces of various weapons, 6,659 bullets, 16,768,684 Captagon pills, 893,060 palm-sized sheets of marijuana and 20,000 tramadol pills. The drugs were later destroyed at an anti-narcotics department in Amman.
- "Jordan awards Raytheon $18.6 million to expand border security". spacewar.com.
- "Border guards kill infiltrator on Syrian border". Jordan Times.
- "Border guards kill infiltrator on Syria border". Jordan Times.
- "Army foils smuggling attempt from Syria, kills three". The Jordan Times. 16 March 2017. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
- "Jordanian Soldier Killed in Syrian Border Clash". The New York Times. 23 October 2012.
- "Jordanian soldier killed in clash with militants on Syria border". Haaretz.com. 22 October 2012. Retrieved 30 October 2014.
- "Jordanian jets strike vehicles on Syrian border". The Guardian. 16 April 2014.
- "Vehicles hit in Jordan air raid not Syria Army's". Arab News. 17 April 2014.
- "Army kills 12 infiltrators on Syria border". Jordan Times.
- "خبرني : نبض الشارع : حرس الحدود يقتل مهربيْن". Khaberni. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
- "خبرني". www.khaberni.com. Retrieved 15 September 2016.
- CNN, Jomana Karadsheh and Tim Hume. "Jordan shuts borders after deadly car bomb". CNN. Retrieved 23 June 2016.
- "Jordan declares Syria and Iraq borders closed military zones". BBC News. Retrieved 23 June 2016.
- Williams, Sara Elizabeth (7 October 2016). "The "buffer zone" plan for 70,000 stranded Syrian refugees". Irin News. Retrieved 11 October 2016.
- McNeil, Sam (1 October 2016). "Syrians refuse attempted relocation along Jordan border". Washington Post. Retrieved 11 October 2016.
- "Syria-Jordan border: 75,000 refugees trapped in desert no man's land in dire conditions". Amnesty International. 15 September 2016. Retrieved 11 October 2016.
- "احباط محاولة تسلل مركبة ومقتل سائقها". Khaberni.
- ""حرس الحدود" تقتل شخصا حاول التسلل للمملكة مع اثنين اخرين". Hala Akhbar. 27 October 2016.
- "Terror hits again in Rakban camp, 11 killed". The Jordan Times. 22 January 2017. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
- "Border guards kill 2 suspected drug smugglers". The Jordan Times. 27 March 2017. Retrieved 27 March 2017.
- "Jordan downs drone near Syria border — military". The Jordan Times. 11 May 2017. Retrieved 3 June 2017.
- "3 gunmen from Syria killed in Jordan border attack". AFP. The Washington Post. 3 June 2017. Retrieved 3 June 2017.
- "Army kills 5 infiltrators, destroys vehicles". The Jordan Times. 11 June 2017. Retrieved 11 June 2017.
- "'Border Guards facilitated entry of 17,000 Syrian refugees last year'". Jordan Times.