Jor (music)

In Hindustani classical music, the jor (Hindi: जोर, [dʒoːr]; also spelt jod and jhor) is a formal section of composition in the long elaboration (alap) of a raga that forms the beginning of a performance. It comes after alap and precedes jhala, the climax.[1] Jor is the instrumental equivalent of nomtom in the dhrupad vocal style of Indian music. Both have a simple pulse but no well-defined rhythmic cycle.[2]


  1. ^ Neil Sorrell; Ram Narayan (1980). Indian Music in Performance: A Practical Introduction. Manchester University Press. pp. 110–. ISBN 978-0-7190-0756-9. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  2. ^ Kamien, Roger, and Anita Kamien. Music: an Appreciation. McGraw-Hill Education, 2018.