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Portrait of Jonathan Raine by John Hoppner (1790)

Jonathan Raine (1763–1831) was an English barrister, judge and politician.[1]


Early lifeEdit

He was the son of Matthew Raine, a cleric and schoolmaster, and younger brother of Matthew Raine FRS.[2] He was educated at Eton College, where he was a friend of Richard Porson,[3] and matriculated in 1783 at Trinity College, Cambridge, graduating B.A. in 1787, and M.A. in 1790; he became a Fellow of Trinity in 1789. Admitted to Lincoln's Inn in 1785, he was called to the bar in 1791.[1]

From 1793 for a decade, Raine was a London criminal lawyer at the Old Bailey.[4] He also became known as a special pleader, went the Northern Circuit, and gained a reputation for Latin verse.[5]


Raine was one of the circle of William Frend, being present on the occasion of the noted tea party with William Wordsworth on 27 February 1795.[6][7] In 1800 Matthew and Jonathan Raine were executors for John Warner, the radical Whig cleric and scholar.[8]

Politician, lawyer and judgeEdit

Hugh Percy, 2nd Duke of Northumberland met Raine through his legal work on the Northumberland estate, and supported him as a parliamentary candidate for St Ives in 1802.[5] At this point John Hammond, a Unitarian academic friend of Frend, hoped that Raine would prove a reformer of the "augean stable".[9] He went on to be MP for Wareham 1806–7, for Launceston in 1812, and for Newport (Cornwall), 1812 to 1831.[1]

In 1816 Raine became King's Counsel.[1] In 1818 his seat at Newport, while "owned" by the 3rd Duke of Northumberland, was actually contested by candidates put up by Thomas John Phillipps, who also had property there.[10][11] In 1823 he was appointed First Justice for the Counties of Anglesey, Carnarvon and Merioneth, a position abolished in 1830.[1] As a Welsh judge, he stood down for Newport in order to contest the seat again: he was re-elected at the by-election, after Rowland Stephenson opposed him.[12] He voted against the Great Reform Bill, which would abolish the Newport constituency.[13][14]


Price married Elizabeth Price on 24 June 1799 in Kensington.[15]


  1. ^ a b c d e "Raine, Jonathan (RN782J)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. ^ Lee, Sidney, ed. (1896). "Raine, Matthew" . Dictionary of National Biography. 47. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  3. ^ John S. Watson (1861). The life of Richard Porson, professor of Greek in the university of Cambridge from 1792 to 1808: (Mit Porfon's Porträt.). Longman, Green, Longman, and Roberts. p. 429.
  4. ^ Allyson Nancy May (2003). The Bar and the Old Bailey, 1750-1850. UNC Press Books. p. 44. ISBN 978-0-8078-2806-9.
  5. ^ a b "Raine, Jonathan (1763-1831), of Lincoln's Inn and 33 Bedford Row, Mdx., History of Parliament Online". Retrieved 1 April 2015.
  6. ^ John Worthen (28 January 2014). The Life of William Wordsworth: A Critical Biography. Wiley. p. 118. ISBN 978-1-118-60492-2.
  7. ^ Johnston, Kenneth R. Philanthropy or Treason? Wordsworth as "Active Partisan". Studies in Romanticism Vol. 25, No. 3, Homage to Carl Woodring (Fall, 1986). Boston University. pp. 371–409, at p. 379. JSTOR 25600609.
  8. ^ Eight Friends of the Great
  9. ^ Knight, Frida (1971). University Rebel: The Life of William Frend 1757–1841. London: Victor Gollancz Ltd. p. 234. ISBN 0575006331.
  10. ^ "Newport 1790–1820, History of Parliament Online". Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  11. ^ Thomas Hinton Burley Oldfield (1820). A Key to the House of Commons. Being a history of the last general election in 1818 ... to which is added, an abstract of the state of representation in Scotland and Ireland. p. 21.
  12. ^ "Stephenson, Rowland (1782-1856), of Marshalls, nr. Romford, Essex, History of Parliament Online". Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  13. ^ "Newport 1820–1832, History of Parliament Online". Retrieved 1 April 2015.
  14. ^ The Annual biography and obituary. 1832. p. 464.
  15. ^ "Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica". 1881. p. 257. Retrieved 3 April 2015.