Open main menu

The Joker, the archenemy of the fictional superhero Batman, has appeared in various media. WorldCat (a catalogue of libraries in 170 countries) records over 250 productions featuring the Joker as a subject, including films, television series, books, and video games.[1][2] Live-action films featuring the character are typically the most successful.[3]

Adaptations of the Joker in other media
Joker's Evolution.jpg
Actors who have played Joker:
(top) Cesar Romero, Jack Nicholson,
Mark Hamill (voice)
(bottom) Heath Ledger, Jared Leto,
Joaquin Phoenix
Created byBill Finger
Bob Kane
Jerry Robinson
Original sourceComics published by DC Comics
First appearanceBatman #1 (April 25, 1940)
Films and television
Film(s)Batman (1966)
Batman (1989)
Batman: Mask of the Phantasm (1993)
The Dark Knight (2008)
Batman: The Killing Joke (2016)
Suicide Squad (2016)
The Lego Batman Movie (2017)
Joker (2019)
Television
show(s)
Batman (1966)
Batman: The Animated Series (1992)
The New Batman Adventures (1997)
Justice League (2001)
The Batman (2004)
Batman: The Brave and the Bold (2008)
Justice League Action (2016)
Harley Quinn (2019)

The Joker has been portrayed by Cesar Romero in the 1966 Batman television series; Jack Nicholson in the 1989 film Batman; Heath Ledger in the 2008 film The Dark Knight; and Jared Leto in the 2016 film Suicide Squad. Joaquin Phoenix will play the character in the 2019 solo origin story film Joker. Over the years, various actors have provided the character's voice in animated, motion comic, and video game form. Mark Hamill is often credited as the iconic voice of the Joker.[4][5]

Live-actionEdit

TelevisionEdit

Batman (1966–1968 TV series)Edit

 
Cesar Romero as the Joker in Batman.

Cesar Romero portrayed the Joker in the 1960s Batman television series. Romero refused to shave his distinctive mustache for the role, so it was partially visible beneath the white face makeup applied.[6] This version of the Joker is based on the character in the 1960s comics, who is more of an elaborate prankster than a psychopathic murderer.[7]

Batman OnStar commercials (2000–2002)Edit

The Joker was played by Curtis Armstrong in one of the six Batman OnStar commercials that ran from 2000 to 2002.[8]

Birds of Prey (2002–2003 TV series)Edit

The Joker makes a cameo appearance in an episode of the 2002–2003 series Birds of Prey, portrayed by Roger Stoneburner and voiced by Mark Hamill (who has voiced the Joker in various DC projects).[9]

Gotham (2014–2019)Edit

"One of the themes of the show has always been how people can always change themselves from one identity to another. So, with Cameron Monaghan's character, first with Jerome and then to Jeremiah, then from Jeremiah to this new character. Obviously, we were always saying that this character is not the Joker but we were always saying what are different elements of the Joker that we can actually use and bring out and develop? Weighing the way you can look at and say, hey, this character may not be the Joker but we can imagine how this character could have lead [sic] to a character like the Joker, down the road somewhere. So, to that I want to say, there are some elements, I'd say, of the character of the Joker himself that we see down the road that have not been present so far, either in Jerome or in Jeremiah. But those elements and characters are present in the new iteration of Jeremiah that comes out."[10]

—Showrunner John Stephens on the relation to the Joker

Early versions of the Joker appear throughout Gotham, a television series exploring the origins of the Batman lore. Believing that the Joker shouldn't precede Batman, showrunner Bruno Heller initially didn't want to use the character,[11] but later decided to "scratch the surface" of his origin because "this is America — nobody wants to wait."[12] Jerome Valeska, the mentally unhinged son of a nymphomaniac circus performer, was introduced as an homage to the Joker in an episode of the first season, portrayed by Cameron Monaghan.[13] While Monaghan wasn't comfortable drawing from the previous live-action actors who had played the Joker, he did take influence from Mark Hamill in his performance, as well as various comic books featuring the supervillain.[14] The character was brought back at the start of the second season but was promptly killed off in the third episode, after which various civilians begin imitating him and a voice-over proclaims that his legacy will be "death and madness". Bruno Heller explained in an interview that the intention was to create a deep-rooted mythology for the Joker's backstory, and that he is an inevitable part of Gotham City's history that didn't create himself out of nothing: "There's a tradition in forebears and ancestors of those characters that went into creating them. So, to me, Jerome is genuinely the mother and father of the Joker."[15]

Despite this, Jerome's revival was hinted at in the season two finale and he was resurrected for a three-episode arc in season three. According to executive producer Ken Woodruff, the intention was to "delve back into the mythology of the Joker, and characters that may or may not be the Joker -- but more likely characters that are an amalgamation of what we'll come to know as the Joker."[16] Jerome returned in the fourth season in which he gathers a team of supervillains to wreak havoc on Gotham City. Monaghan had pitched a storyline with Jerome at the start of the season, which the producers rejected but borrowed ideas from. Jerome is ultimately killed a second time, and his twin brother Jeremiah Valeska is introduced. After getting sprayed by Jerome's insanity-inducing gas, Jeremiah undergoes a Joker-like transformation and became a villainous presence on the show. Whereas Jerome was impulsive and anarchistic, Jeremiah is depicted as more calculating and intelligent.[17][18][19]

Neither Jeremiah nor Jerome were intended to be the Joker himself. According to showrunner John Stephens, "Jeremiah is not the Joker. What we've always gone with is that Joker is somewhere out there, and he's watching the actions of Jeremiah and Jerome and possibly even another one, and he's adopting them as inspirations as the person he'll one day become". Another precursor was introduced so that they could create someone with a personal attachment to Bruce Wayne, and so that they could adapt other aspects of the Joker not seen in Jerome.[20]

Monaghan reprised his role as Jeremiah in the fifth and final season, which portrays the character as having grown more arrogant after his plan succeeded at the end of season four, but still unsatisfied with the way he ended things with Bruce.[21] The actor took influence from David Bowie and Tim Curry from The Rocky Horror Picture Show for his performance as Jeremiah, but stated in January 2019 that "the character I most enjoyed playing is the one in the final episode that we haven't seen yet". However, he affirmed that this third and final character is not a biological triplet of Jerome and Jeremiah, but rather Jeremiah transformed into a more insane, radically altered persona that incapacitates everything that came before on the show after he falls into a vat of chemicals.[22][23]

Two months later, John Stephens reiterated his original statement about Jeremiah not being the Joker, leaving it ambiguous. He also stated that the final version of Jeremiah will be a "nightmare": "We all know the character that some people think he is, some people say he's not--that he's supposed to be a precursor to at the very least, so when you look at the Joker, and you break down elements of his personality, and you cleave off certain character traits. Some of those character traits we gave to Jerome. Some of those character traits we gave to Jeremiah. But, there were still some leftover character traits that we said, we haven't used these elements yet. Specifically to me, horror or terror. I feel like there are elements of the Joker, some iterations of him, which he's not just a clown prince of crime, but he's actually a nightmare."[24]

Titans (2018)Edit

Joker is shown as one of the several villains murdered by Batman in Trigon's reality.[25]

Powerless (2017)Edit

The Joker makes a cameo in Powerless episode "Wayne or Lose".

FilmEdit

Batman (1966)Edit

Cesar Romero reprised his role in the 1966 film Batman, in which the Joker is a member of the United Underworld, alongside fellow Gotham City villains the Penguin, the Riddler and Catwoman.

Batman (1989)Edit

 
Jack Nicholson as the Joker in a publicity still for Batman (1989).

Jack Nicholson played the Joker in Tim Burton's 1989 film Batman. The Newsweek review of the film stated that the best scenes are due to the surreal black comedy portrayed in the Joker.[26] In 2003, American Film Institute ranked Nicholson's performance #45 on their list of 50 greatest film villains.[27] Hugo Blick[28] and David U. Hodges play younger versions of the character in flashbacks in Batman and Batman Forever, respectively.

In the film, Jack Napier is the right-hand man of mob boss Carl Grissom prior to his transformation into the Joker. During a confrontation with the vigilante Batman in a chemical factory, Napier's face is wounded by a ricocheting bullet and he falls into a vat of chemical waste, turning his skin white, his hair green and his lips red. A botched attempt at plastic surgery leaves him with a permanent rictus grin. Driven insane by his reflection, the Joker kills Grissom and takes over his syndicate, launching a crime wave designed to "outdo" Batman, who he thinks is getting too much press. The Joker describes himself as "the world's first fully functional homicidal artist" who makes avant-garde "art" by killing people with cosmetics laced with Smylex, which leaves its victims with a grotesque grin similar to his own.[29] Bruce Wayne later recognizes the Joker as the mugger who murdered his parents years before, leading him down the path of becoming a crime-fighter. The Joker massacres Gotham City's 200th anniversary celebration and kidnaps reporter Vicki Vale to draw Batman out to a climactic battle atop a Gothic cathedral. After telling Batman that they "made each other", the Joker attempts to escape via helicopter, but Batman ties a grappling hook around his leg and attaches it to a stone gargoyle, causing the Joker to fall to his death when the statue breaks loose of its moorings.

Nicholson was to reprise his role in Batman Unchained, the fifth film planned for the series.[30][31] The Joker was to return as a hallucination in Batman's mind caused by the Scarecrow's fear toxin, and Harley Quinn was to appear as his daughter trying to get revenge on Batman for his death.[32] Due to the critical and commercial failure of Batman & Robin, however, this film was cancelled.

The Dark Knight (2008)Edit

Heath Ledger played The Joker in Christopher Nolan's 2008 film The Dark Knight. Ledger's interpretation of the character - that of a "psychopathic, mass murdering, schizophrenic clown with zero empathy" - was specifically influenced by the graphic novels Batman: The Killing Joke and Arkham Asylum: A Serious House on Serious Earth. In the film, he wears the character's traditional color palette, while his facial appearance includes clown makeup that covers facial scars of a Glasgow smile. This version of the Joker embodies themes of chaos, anarchy, and obsession; he expresses a desire to upset social order through crime, and defines himself by his conflict with Batman. The character explores techniques found in Ledger's previous performances, including his clown act in Terry Gilliam's fantasy film The Brothers Grimm. It also references paintings by artist Francis Bacon, Anthony Burgess' novel A Clockwork Orange, and various punk rock musicians.

In the film, the Joker is hired by Gotham City's mob bosses to kill Batman, and announces that he will kill people every day until Batman takes off his mask in public and surrenders himself to police. During his reign of terror, he kills several people in Gotham, including Bruce Wayne's childhood friend Rachel Dawes and scars Gotham District Attorney Harvey Dent's face, transforming him into the insane vigilante Two-Face. Batman ultimately defeats him, but the Joker gloats that he has won "the battle for Gotham's soul" by corrupting Dent, and tells Batman that "you and I are destined to do this forever" as he is taken to Arkham Asylum.

The Joker is considered to be Ledger's finest performance; he himself regarded it as his most enjoyable. When the film was released in July 2008, six months after the actor had died from an accidental prescription drug overdose, the performance caused a sensation and received universal acclaim; Ledger was posthumously awarded the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor.[33][34]

DC Extended Universe (2013–present)Edit

 
Jared Leto as the Joker in a promotional poster for Suicide Squad (2016).

Jared Leto portrays the Joker in the DC Extended Universe.[35] Originally set to appear in Zack Snyder's Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice, the character was ultimately cut and only referenced in the film.[36][37]

Jared Leto debuts as the Joker in David Ayer's 2016 film Suicide Squad.[38] Flashbacks reveal that the Joker manipulated psychiatrist Dr. Harleen Quinzel into falling in love with him during his time as her patient at Arkham Asylum. He eventually managed to convince Dr. Quinzel to free him, and he electrocuted her before taking her to the Ace Chemicals plant. Quinzel then voluntarily fell into the solution that created her lover, bleaching her skin and completing her transformation into Harley Quinn.[39] At some point, the Joker killed his archenemy Batman's partner, Robin, with Harley's help. Quinn was ultimately apprehended and forced into joining Amanda Waller's government task force composed of captured supervillains.[40] In the present day narrative, the Joker attempts to extract Harley from the task force. He tortures one of Waller's security officers for the location of the facility where the nano explosives used as leverage over the criminals are manufactured, and threatens an A.R.G.U.S. scientist there to disable the bomb implanted in Harley's neck. After commandeering a military helicopter, the Joker and his men rescue Harley during the task force's mission in Midway City. The chopper is shot down, however, and Harley falls out while the Joker seemingly perishes in the explosion, prompting Quinn to rejoin the task force. After the "Suicide Squad" defeat the Enchantress, the Joker, who survived the crash, breaks into Belle Reve Prison with his gang to free Harley from her cell, and the pair reunite as the movie ends. Critics praised Jared Leto's performance despite his character's negligible screen time.[41][42] Mark Hamill, the voice of the Joker in various DC projects, said that he "loved" Leto's take on the character.[43][44] Although many scenes featuring the Joker were omitted from the theatrical release, some of this unused footage did make it into the extended cut.[45][46] Leto also appeared as the Joker in the music video "Purple Lamborghini", by Skrillex and Rick Ross, from the film's soundtrack.[47]

Jared Leto is set to reprise his role in upcoming DCEU films, including Gotham City Sirens, an untitled film centered on the Joker and Harley Quinn, and a solo film.[48][49][50][51][52]

Joker (2019)Edit

 
Joaquin Phoenix as the Joker in Joker (2019).

In 2016, Todd Phillips began working on a standalone Joker film,[53] with intent for it to launch a line of films unconnected to the DCEU called DC Black.[54][55] Development of the film was confirmed in August 2017; Phillips was attached to direct and co-write with Scott Silver, while Martin Scorsese was set to produce.[56] The film, Joker, is set for release in October 2019.[57]

In Joker, Arthur Fleck (portrayed by Joaquin Phoenix) is a struggling stand-up comedian who lives with his mother and suffers from mental illness. He turns to crime after failing with audiences.[58][59]

AnimationEdit

TelevisionEdit

FilmationEdit

The Joker appears as a recurring villain in the 1968–1969 Filmation series The Adventures of Batman, voiced by Ted Knight.[60] He also appears in five episodes of Filmation's 1977 series The New Adventures of Batman, voiced by Lennie Weinrib.[61]

Hanna-BarberaEdit

Knight reprised his role as the Joker in two crossover episodes of the 1972 series The New Scooby-Doo Movies, in which he teams up with the Penguin and runs afoul of Batman, Robin and the Mystery Inc. gang.

The Joker appears in The Super Powers Team: Galactic Guardians (1985–1986) episode "The Wild Cards", voiced by Frank Welker.[62][63] He assists Darkseid by disguising himself as Ace, the leader of the Royal Flush Gang.

DC animated universeEdit

 
Mark Hamill voiced the Joker for various projects, beginning with the DC animated universe.

The Joker appears in various animated series set within the DC animated universe, voiced by Mark Hamill, who is often credited as the iconic voice of the character because of his wide range of "joyful, gleeful, maniacal, [...] malevolent and evil laughs."[4][5] The Joker first appeared in Batman: The Animated Series (1992–1995). The show is notable for introducing his sidekick and lover, Harley Quinn, to such popularity that she became a character in the comics. The Joker was also featured in the spin-off film Batman: Mask of the Phantasm (1993).[64]

The Joker returned in the follow-up series The New Batman Adventures (1997–1999) with a stylistic redesign. His white skin now had a bluish-grey tinge, while his eyes had their sclerae removed, and were replaced by cavernous black spaces with white pupils. His trademark red lips were omitted, focusing more attention on his teeth, and his green hair was darkened. His suit's colours were also changed from purple and yellow to purple and green. In the Superman: The Animated Series (1996–2000) episode "World's Finest", the Joker travels to Metropolis and makes a deal with Lex Luthor to kill Superman. In the Justice League (2001–2006) episodes "Injustice For All" and "Wild Cards", the Joker joins Luthor's Injustice League, and pits the Justice League against the Royal Flush Gang as part of an elaborate ruse, respectively. In "A Better World", a lobotomised Joker is briefly seen in an alternate universe ruled by the Justice Lords. The Joker was later featured in the Static Shock (2000–2004) episode "The Big Leagues", in which he starts a crime spree.

The Joker made his final chronological appearance in the direct-to-video feature film Batman Beyond: Return of the Joker (2000), in which he mysteriously returns to Gotham City forty years in the future, apparently unaged since his battles with the original Batman. Flashbacks reveal that before he died, the Joker kidnapped and tortured Robin (Tim Drake), turning him into an insane, miniature version of himself dubbed 'Joker Junior', learning Batman's secret identity in the process. The Joker's death was edited and redubbed amid controversy surrounding the Columbine High School massacre; the original version sees Joker Junior shoot the Joker in the heart, whereas the edited version simply sees him push the Joker into damaged cables to be electrocuted out of sight. However, a microchip implanted in Drake's neck was revealed to have possessed a copy of the Joker's consciousness and DNA, allowing him to take over his host until he is defeated by the new Batman (Terry McGinnis), who destroys the microchip and the Joker alongside it.

The Batman (2004–2008)Edit

The Joker appears in The Batman, voiced by Kevin Michael Richardson.[65] This version has long dreadlock hair, is barefoot, and initially wore an Arkham Asylum straitjacket before later adopting his signature purple suit. The Joker also appears in the direct-to-video spin-off film The Batman vs. Dracula (2005).

Batman: The Brave and the Bold (2008–2011)Edit

The Joker appears in Batman: The Brave and the Bold, voiced by Jeff Bennett.[65] His appearance and personality are similar to the Silver Age version drawn by Dick Sprang. His counterpart on a parallel earth is a vigilante known as the Red Hood.

Young Justice (2010–2013, 2019)Edit

The Joker appears as a member of the Injustice Gang in Young Justice, voiced by Brent Spiner.[66][65]

Teen Titans Go! (2013–present)Edit

The Joker makes multiple unspoken appearances in Teen Titans Go!.

Justice League Action (2016–present)Edit

The Joker appears in Justice League Action, with Mark Hamill reprising his role.[67][65]

Harley Quinn (2019)Edit

The Joker will appear in the upcoming series Harley Quinn, with Alan Tudyk providing the voice.[68]

FilmEdit

 
Troy Baker voiced the Joker in Batman: Assault on Arkham, reprising his role from the video game Batman: Arkham Origins.

Video gamesEdit

As Batman's nemesis, the Joker has appeared in several Batman-related video games.

Early appearances (1988–2003)Edit

The Joker's earliest video game appearance was in Batman: The Caped Crusader (1988) developed by Ocean Software for 8-bit home computers such as the ZX Spectrum and Commodore 64 and by Data East for other platforms such as the Apple II, Commodore Amiga, and PC.[76] The game contains two parts that can be played in any order—the Joker's story or the Penguin's story.[77] The Joker also appears in several games based on the 1989 film, released between 1989–1992, including Batman: The Movie for the Amiga, Amstrad CPC, Atari ST, Commodore 64, MS-DOS, and ZX Spectrum;[78] Batman: The Video Game for the Nintendo Entertainment System and Game Boy;[77] Batman for the Genesis;[77] and an arcade game, Batman.[79]

Two games were released based on Batman: The Animated Series. The first was the Konami-developed game Batman: The Animated Series (1993) for Game Boy.[80] The second, The Adventures of Batman & Robin, was released for the Super NES as an action adventure platform and for Genesis as a side-scrolling shooter.[77] The only game based on the Batman Beyond franchise, Batman Beyond: Return of the Joker, was released as a companion to the eponymous film for Game Boy Color, PlayStation and Nintendo 64.[77] Batman: Vengeance (2001) was released for several platforms, based on The New Batman Adventures and starring its voice cast, including Mark Hamill as the Joker.

The Joker is featured in the platform game Batman: Return of the Joker, released for the NES in 1991 and the Genesis in 1992.[77] Other games include Batman: Chaos in Gotham (2001) for Game Boy Color, Justice League: Injustice for All (2002) for Game Boy Advance, and Batman: Dark Tomorrow (2003) for GameCube and Xbox. The Joker also makes a cameo in Batman: Rise of Sin Tzu (2003), released for several platforms.

LegoEdit

Batman: ArkhamEdit

 
The Joker's character design for the main trilogy of the Batman: Arkham franchise.[84][85]

Mark Hamill reprises his role as the Joker in the main trilogy of the Batman: Arkham franchise,[86][87] while Troy Baker voices a younger version of the character in the prequel Arkham Origins.[88] This depiction of the Joker has received widespread acclaim, as critics have lauded the voice acting and exploration of his rivalry with Batman.[89][90][91][92] The Joker won the 2011 Spike Video Game Awards "Character of the Year" award for his appearance in Arkham City.[93]

  • In Batman: Arkham Asylum (2009), the Joker takes over Arkham Island in an elaborate trap set for Batman. He releases all of the inmates and injects his thugs with the "Titan formula", a more potent version of Bane's Venom drug, to create an army of genetically-enhanced henchmen. After foiling the other freed villains' agendas, Batman confronts and defeats the Titan-enhanced Joker atop Arkham Asylum. In the PlayStation 3 version, the Joker is a playable character in Challenge Maps where opposing thugs are replaced with Arkham guards.[94][95]
  • In Batman: Arkham City (2011), the Joker is involved in a gang war with Two-Face and the Penguin in Professor Hugo Strange's new city-sized prison "Arkham City". The Joker infects Batman with his poisoned blood after it is revealed that he is slowly dying as a result of his Titan overdose in Arkham Asylum, thus motivating Batman to find a cure for them both. Despite Batman's best efforts, however, the Joker ultimately succumbs to the disease and dies. During the credits, he can be heard singing Only You (And You Alone). The Joker also appears in Batman: Arkham City Lockdown.
  • The prequel Batman: Arkham Origins (2013) features the Joker and Batman's first encounter. The Joker kidnaps and poses as "Black Mask" (voiced by Brian Bloom[96]) and uses the crime lord's vast wealth to hire eight assassins (consisting of Killer Croc, Deathstroke, Firefly, Copperhead, Deadshot, Electrocutioner, Shiva, and Bane) to kill the new vigilante in Gotham City on Christmas Eve. After being apprehended by Batman, the Joker meets and shares his past with Dr. Harleen Quinzel at Blackgate Prison before escaping and taking over the penitentiary. The Joker then attempts to corrupt Batman by coaxing him into killing Bane but fails and realizes that his nemesis is his philosophical opposite, thus beginning his obsession with the Dark Knight. During the credits, he can be heard singing Cold, Cold Heart. The Joker is playable in the game's multiplayer mode, and he also appears in Batman: Arkham Origins Blackgate.
  • In Batman: Arkham Knight (2015), Batman begins to hallucinate the Joker when the residue of the latter's blood in his system mixes with Scarecrow's fear gas, causing the Dark Knight to experience his nemesis' memories of Barbara Gordon's crippling and Jason Todd's torture. The Joker's blood also infected four other individuals: Henry Adams, Johnny Charisma, Christina Bell, and Albert King. Each of them develop aspects of the Joker's personality and appearance, though they are all ultimately killed. Batman is eventually able to fully break free from the Joker's influence and locks him away within his mind. During the credits, the Joker can be heard singing Look Who's Laughing Now. He also appears in the Batgirl: A Matter of Family DLC story.
  • At the end of the PlayStation game Batman: Arkham VR (2016), the events of which are set before Batman: Arkham Knight, the Joker possesses Batman and kills Nightwing and Robin. The entire game is then revealed to be a nightmare in Batman's mind.

InjusticeEdit

The Joker appears as a playable character in Injustice: Gods Among Us and its sequel, Injustice 2, developed by NetherRealm Studios. With Richard Epcar providing the voice of the character from Mortal Kombat vs. DC Universe.[65]

  • In Injustice: Gods Among Us, set in an alternate universe, the Joker tricks Superman into killing Lois Lane, which detonates a nuclear bomb that destroys Metropolis, killing millions of its citizens. Driven insane, Superman murders this Joker and takes over Earth with the Regime. The primary universe's version nearly destroys Metropolis with a nuclear bomb as well, but he is accidentally transported to the Regime universe when the Insurgency versions of Batman and Lex Luthor bring most of the Justice League to their world. The Joker is ultimately defeated by Luthor of the Insurgency and taken back to the primary universe by Batman's prime version.
  • In Injustice 2, while still deceased in the alternate universe, he appears as a hallucination to Harley Quinn caused by Scarecrow's fear gas. Refusing to let the Joker be abusive, Harley defeats the hallucination and breaks free of the toxin's influence. Character dialogue indicates that the Joker is either the primary universe iteration, a fear toxin hallucination of the alternate iteration, or that he tricked Nekron into restoring him to life. After executing Brainiac in his single-player ending, the Joker mixes Earth with a number of alien civilisations and watches as the people begin to slaughter each other.[97]

Telltale's BatmanEdit

 
"John Doe" in a promotional image for Batman: The Enemy Within.

Anthony Ingruber voices the Joker, initially referred to as "John Doe," in Telltale Games' episodic point-and-click graphic adventure Batman video game series.[98]

  • The Joker makes his debut in the first season, titled Batman: The Telltale Series.[99] Bruce Wayne meets "John Doe" for the first time as a patient at Arkham Asylum. John gives Bruce information regarding the Children of Arkham's plans before starting a prison riot. John is among the inmates present during Lady Arkham's siege of the asylum, and is later seen at a bar in Gotham City watching Bruce/Batman on live television.
  • The Joker returns in the second season, titled Batman: The Enemy Within.[100] Agency director Amanda Waller reveals that after being discharged from Arkham, "John Doe" joined a criminal cabal called "The Pact," consisting of the Riddler, Bane, Mr. Freeze, Catwoman, and John's former psychiatrist Harley Quinn, whom John claims to be in love with. When Riddler nearly jeopardises their plans, John betrays him by giving Bruce sufficient information to arrest him. John later recruits Bruce into the organisation and, after secretly deducing that he is Batman, helps him uncover the group's plan to steal the LOTUS virus from a rogue division of the Agency called SANCTUS. After Harley betrays the Pact to escape with the virus, John helps Bruce search for her at a defunct carnival and murders several Agency operatives. Bruce confronts John and either retains his trust or shatters their friendship. The former choice results in John helping Bruce to apprehend Harley, while the latter decision leads to John saving Harley and vowing to become Batman's mortal enemy. Adopting the identity of the "Joker," John either becomes a ruthless vigilante set on bringing Waller to "justice" by any means necessary, or transforms into a psychopathic criminal intent on psychologically torturing Bruce. Regardless of the choices the player makes, Batman ultimately defeats Joker and sends him back to Arkham Asylum. He is last seen in his cell being visited by Bruce or vowing to return.

Mortal KombatEdit

Other gamesEdit

TheatreEdit

The Joker appears in the 2011 theatrical production Batman Live, portrayed by Mark Frost. He masterminds a plot to defeat Batman by uniting several of the superhero's greatest foes, including Harley Quinn, Penguin, Two-Face, Riddler, Poison Ivy, and Scarecrow.[105][106] The show is an adaptation of the Batman property, drawing inspiration from the 1966 television series, Tim Burton's series of Batman films, and the 1992 animated series, among others.[105][107][108]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Weiner, Robert G. and Robert Moses Peaslee (2015). The Joker: A Serious Study of the Clown Prince of Crime. University Press of Mississippi. p. 19. ISBN 978-1-62846-238-8. Partially available on Google Books.
  2. ^ Weiner & Peaslee 2015, p. 19.
  3. ^ Weiner & Peaslee 2015, p. XXI.
  4. ^ a b Chrisman, Eric (July 17, 2015). "Mark Hamill Would Still Love To Be In The Killing Joke". Caped Crusades. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
  5. ^ a b Kubin, Jacquie (April 1997). "An Interview with Mark Hammill". Animation World Magazine. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
  6. ^ DeCaro, Frank (November 5, 2014). "Quick, Robin, to the Blu-ray Box! ‘Batman,’ the 1960s TV Series, Returns in a Collection." New York Times. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
  7. ^ "How The Joker Went From Cesar Romero to Jared Leto." Highsnobiety. August 25, 2015. Retrieved October 16, 2015
  8. ^ Lee, Will (April 7, 2000). "Batman Does Commercials." Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved October 13, 2015.
  9. ^ Hein, David (December 22, 2012). "Retro Review: 'Birds of Prey.'" World of Entertainment. Retrieved October 13, 2015.
  10. ^ "'Gotham' Showrunner Says Cameron Monaghan's Third Character Has Even More "Joker Elements"". ComicBook.com. Retrieved February 2, 2019.
  11. ^ Tanswell, Adam (September 22, 2014). "Gotham: Bruno Heller on Batman's origins, the Joker and DC crossovers". Digital Spy. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  12. ^ Bryant, Adam (February 2, 2015). "Mega Buzz: When Will We Meet The Joker on Gotham?". TV Guide. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  13. ^ Fowle, Kyle (February 16, 2015). "Gotham: "The Blind Fortune Teller"". AV Club. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  14. ^ Mitovitch, Matt (February 16, 2015). "Gotham's Cameron Monaghan Talks About Deadly Twist, His Animated Idol, Losing Sleep Over 'Joker' Role". TV Line. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  15. ^ Patten, Dominic (October 5, 2015). "'Gotham' EP On Tonight's Joker Origin Shocker & Honoring The Batman Legacy". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  16. ^ Elvy, Craig (August 24, 2016). "Gotham: Producer Confirms More Joker Mythology For Season 3". Screen Rant. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  17. ^ Holbrook, Damian (May 15, 2018). "'Gotham' Star Cameron Monaghan on His Character's Endgame in the Season 4 Finale". TV Insider. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  18. ^ Ridgeley, Charlie (April 17, 2018). "'Gotham': Jeremiah Isn't the Joker After All, Here's Why (Exclusive)". Comic Book. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  19. ^ Buxton, Marc (April 6, 2018). "Gotham Season 4 Episode 17 Review: Mandatory Brunch Meeting". Den of Geek. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  20. ^ Fowler, Matt (May 10, 2018). "GOTHAM PRODUCER TALKS JOKER SWAP, NO MAN'S LAND, AND EVENTUALLY ENDING THE SHOW WITH BATMAN". IGN. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  21. ^ Ridgely, Charlie (May 10, 2018). "'Gotham's Cameron Monaghan Says Jeremiah Is "Unsatisfied" With No Man's Land Outcome". Comic Book. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  22. ^ Hibberd, James (January 10, 2019). "Gotham star Cameron Monaghan teases wild finale, mysterious third character". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  23. ^ Metz, Nina (January 31, 2019). "Cameron Monaghan on the future of his character on 'Gotham' and what we thought was his last scene on 'Shameless'". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 2, 2019.
  24. ^ Vick, Megan (March 1, 2019). "Gotham's Next Joker Evolution Is An Actual Nightmare". TV Guide. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
  25. ^ "'Titans' Finale Photos Reveal Trigon, Batcave & Joker's Survival". heroichollywood. December 16, 2018.
  26. ^ Kroll, Jack (June 26, 1989). "The Joker is Wild, but Batman Carries the Night". Newsweek. Tim Burton Collective. Archived from the original on June 30, 2015. Retrieved October 16, 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  27. ^ "AFI's 100 Years ... 100 Heroes and Villains". American Film Institute. Retrieved October 14, 2015.
  28. ^ Reynolds, Sean (November 18, 2014). "Are Bruce Wayne's parents the most killed characters in movie history?". Digital Spy. Retrieved October 14, 2015.
  29. ^ Canby, Vincent (June 23, 1989). "Nicholson and Keaton Do Battle in 'Batman.'". The New York Times. New York City: New York Times Company. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
  30. ^ Konda, Kelly (June 15, 2015). "The Inside Story on 5 Batman Movies Which Almost Got Made Before Batman Begins". We Majored in Film. Retrieved June 23, 2016.
  31. ^ Fleming, Michael (November 11, 1997). "Schumacher trims sails". Variety. Los Angeles, California: Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved November 11, 2008.
  32. ^ Linder, Brian (July 27, 2000). "Rumblings From Gotham". IGN. San Francisco, California: j2 Global. Retrieved October 17, 2008.
  33. ^ Kreps, Daniel (January 22, 2009). "Heath Ledger Remembered on First Anniversary of His Death". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on January 27, 2009. Retrieved October 13, 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  34. ^ Neumaier, Joe (22 February 2009). "'Slumdog Millionaire' wins Oscar for Best Movie; the late Heath Ledger is Best Supporting Actor". Daily News (New York). Retrieved 13 October 2015.
  35. ^ Sperling, Nicole (April 15, 2016). "Jared Leto dives deep to play The Joker in Suicide Squad". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
  36. ^ Goldberg, Matt (March 20, 2016). "These Two Batman Villains Came Close to Being in 'Batman v Superman'". Collider. Retrieved January 5, 2017.
  37. ^ Agar, Chris (May 22, 2016). "Warner Bros. Confirms Batman V Superman's Dead Robin Is Jason Todd". Screen Rant. Retrieved September 24, 2017.
  38. ^ Kroll, Justin (December 2, 2014). "'Suicide Squad' Cast Revealed: Jared Leto to Play the Joker, Will Smith is Deadshot". Variety.
  39. ^ Dickens, Donna (August 5, 2016). "'Suicide Squad's' Harley Quinn origin story was better than bad". Hitfix. Retrieved August 26, 2016.
  40. ^ Lee, Ben (August 11, 2016). "So it turns out The Joker actually DID kill Robin before Suicide Squad". Digital Spy. Retrieved January 5, 2017.
  41. ^ Nashawaty, Cris (August 2, 2016). "Suicide Squad: EW review". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved August 8, 2016.
  42. ^ "Review: Harley Quinn's star is born amid sloppy 'Suicide Squad'". 2016-08-05. Retrieved 2016-08-20.
  43. ^ Holmes, Adam (November 17, 2016). "What Mark Hamill Thinks Of Jared Leto's Joker". Cinema Blend. Retrieved November 17, 2016.
  44. ^ Trinos, Angelo Delos (September 25, 2017). "From One Joker To Another: Mark Hamill Praises Jared Leto's DCEU Performance". Movie Pilot. Retrieved September 26, 2017.
  45. ^ Yehl, Joshua (November 16, 2016). "Opinion: Suicide Squad Extended Edition Fleshes Out Joker and Harley Quinn But Not Much Else". IGN. Retrieved September 24, 2017.
  46. ^ Enoch, Jenika (September 12, 2017). "4 Reasons Why The Joker & Harley Quinn Spinoff Needs To Be A Prequel". Movie Pilot. Retrieved September 24, 2017.
  47. ^ "Skrillex & Rick Ross - Purple Lamborghini [Official Video]". YouTube. August 5, 2016.
  48. ^ Kroll, Justin (June 5, 2018). "Jared Leto's Joker Is Getting His Own Movie (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Retrieved June 11, 2018.
  49. ^ Trinos, Angelo Delos (August 25, 2017). "The Clown Is Here To Stay: Jared Leto Downplays 'Suicide Squad' Drama". Movie Pilot. Retrieved August 25, 2017.
  50. ^ Freeman, Molly (2017-08-22). "Jared Leto's Joker Expected in Suicide Squad 2 & Gotham City Sirens". Screen Rant. Retrieved 2017-08-23.
  51. ^ McNary, Dave (August 23, 2017). "Joker-Harley Quinn Movie in the Works With Jared Leto, Margot Robbie". Variety. Retrieved August 24, 2017.
  52. ^ Kit, Borys (August 23, 2017). "Joker and Harley Quinn Movie Coming from 'Crazy Stupid Love' Filmmakers (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved August 24, 2017.
  53. ^ Rottenberg, Josh (August 28, 2019). "In 'Joker' the stakes are life and death, and comic book movies may never be the same". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 28, 2019.
  54. ^ Sobeczak, Johnny [@JohnnySobeczak] (July 10, 2019). "Todd Phillips pitched JOKER to WB executives at the after party of the WAR DOGS premiere. "He suggested they begin a new division called DC Black, separating itself from the current crop of DC films. It was also a way of differentiating from Marvel." (Via @empiremagazine)" (Tweet). Retrieved July 23, 2019 – via Twitter.
  55. ^ Sobeczak, Johnny [@JohnnySobeczak] (July 10, 2019). ""I said 'Let JOKER be the first, then let's get fucking great filmmakers to come in.' Instead of trying to live in the shadow of the beast (MCU), let's do something they can't." This included $30 million budgets, no CGI hoopla. "Let's strip that all away. It'll be liberating."" (Tweet). Retrieved July 25, 2019 – via Twitter.
  56. ^ Jr, Mike Fleming (August 22, 2017). "The Joker Origin Story On Deck: Todd Phillips, Scott Silver, Martin Scorsese Aboard WB/DC Film". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved August 23, 2017.
  57. ^ McClintock, Pamela; Kit, Borys (June 18, 2018). "'Joker' Origin Movie Lands Fall 2019 Release Date". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 18, 2018.
  58. ^ Snyder, Chris; Phillips, Ian (April 9, 2019). "Everything you missed in the first 'Joker' teaser trailer". Business Insider. Retrieved April 9, 2019.
  59. ^ Ashurst, Sam; Chapman, Matt (April 3, 2019). "Joaquin Phoenix's Joker film release date, plot, cast, trailer and everything you need to know". Digital Spy. Retrieved April 9, 2019.
  60. ^ "Batman and The Joker : Through the Years". Yahoo!. Archived from the original on October 22, 2013. Retrieved October 19, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  61. ^ Jean-Jacques, Kethlene. "Lennie Weinrib: Joker Through the Years". Celebuzz. Archived from the original on October 20, 2013. Retrieved October 19, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  62. ^ Fritz, Steve (April 7, 2009). "Animated Shorts - Actor Lends Voice to the Joker Legacy". Newsarama. Archived from the original on October 20, 2013. Retrieved October 19, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  63. ^ "The Super Powers Team: Galactic Guardians (1985–1986)". DC Comics.com. DC Comics. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved October 19, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  64. ^ Tracy, Joe. "Interview with Michael Reeves." Animation Artist. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
  65. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Behind The Voice Actors – Joker". Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved 27 June 2015. – green checkmark indicates roles that have been verified by BTVA through closing credits
  66. ^ "Young Justice Recruits Brent Spiner and Alyssa Milano for the Injustice League - Today's News: Our Take". TVGuide.com. October 14, 2011. Retrieved December 14, 2011.
  67. ^ Ching, Albert (January 29, 2016). "Conroy, Hamill return for 'Justice League Action'". Comic Book Resources.
  68. ^ Melrose, Kevin (October 25, 2018). "Alan Tudyk to Voice The Joker in Harley Quinn Animated Series". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved October 26, 2018.
  69. ^ Gallagher, Brian (4 September 2012). "Michael Emerson Joins Batman: The Dark Knight Returns - Part 2 as The Joker!". Retrieved 5 September 2012.
  70. ^ Lidgett, Adam (October 10, 2015). "The Next Batman Film, 'Killing Joke,' Could Be The First With An R Rating." International Business Times. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  71. ^ Slead, Evan (August 17, 2016). "Adam West, Burt Ward, Julie Newmar return for animated Batman movie". Entertainment Weekly.
  72. ^ Kit, Borys (August 12, 2015). "'Lego Batman' Movie Finds Its Joker (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter.
  73. ^ "サイト名". dc-taka.com (in Japanese). Retrieved April 4, 2018.
  74. ^ "ニンジャバットマン BATMAN NINJA公式サイト【2018年6月15日(金) 劇場公開】". warnerbros.co.jp (in Japanese). Retrieved July 3, 2018.
  75. ^ Ressler, Karen (February 13, 2018). "Batman Ninja Anime's English Trailer Reveals Dub Cast, Home Video Release". Anime News Network. Retrieved July 3, 2018.
  76. ^ Batman the Caped Crusader at SpectrumComputing.co.uk
  77. ^ a b c d e f Huskey, Darry (October 8, 2014). "A Complete History Of Batman Video Games". IGN. Archived from the original on July 27, 2015. Retrieved July 27, 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  78. ^ Batman: The Movie at SpectrumComputing.co.uk
  79. ^ Schwartz, Michael; Dykman, Joan. "Overview - Batman". allgame. Archived from the original on December 10, 2014. Retrieved October 23, 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  80. ^ Marriott, Scott Alan. "Overview - Batman: The Animated Series". allgame. Archived from the original on December 10, 2014. Retrieved October 23, 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  81. ^ Game Informer features a two-page gallery of the many heroes and villains who appear in the game with a picture for each character and a descriptive paragraph. See "LEGO Batman: Character Gallery", Game Informer 186 (October 2008): 93.
  82. ^ McWhertor, Michael (May 30, 2018). "New Lego game lets you team up with Joker, Harley Quinn and other DC bad guys". Polygon. Retrieved June 1, 2018.
  83. ^ [1]
  84. ^ LeTendre, Brian (July 10, 2009). "The Art of Batman: Arkham ASylum". Comic Book Resources. Boiling Point Productions. Archived from the original on March 28, 2013. Retrieved March 18, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  85. ^ Reiner, Andrew (May 18, 2010). "Batman: Arkham Asylum Toy Shots Released From The Madhouse". Game Informer. GameStop. Archived from the original on April 12, 2013. Retrieved April 12, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  86. ^ Lewinski, John Scott (August 27, 2009). "Kevin Conroy Brings Batman Street Cred to Arkham Asylum". Wired. Condé Nast Publications. Archived from the original on April 1, 2013. Retrieved April 1, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  87. ^ Cowen, Nick (September 2, 2009). "Batman: Arkham Asylum interview with Paul Dini". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. Archived from the original on March 17, 2013. Retrieved March 17, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  88. ^ George, Richard (May 20, 2013). "Batman: Arkham Origins is a Blast From the Past". IGN / J2 Global. Archived from the original on May 20, 2013. Retrieved May 20, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  89. ^ Hoggins, Tom (August 25, 2009). "Batman: Arkham Asylum video game review". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. Archived from the original on March 17, 2013. Retrieved March 17, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  90. ^ Kohler, Chris (September 1, 2009). "Review: Creepy Batman: Arkham Asylum Redefines Comic-Book Game". Wired. Condé Nast Publications. Archived from the original on April 3, 2013. Retrieved April 2, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  91. ^ Miller, Greg (May 26, 2010). "Batman: Arkham Asylum (Game of the Year) Review (Page 3)". IGN. J2 Global. Archived from the original on March 23, 2013. Retrieved March 23, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  92. ^ Nguyen, Thierry (August 21, 2009). "Batman: Arkham Asylum Review". 1UP.com. Ziff Davis. Archived from the original on April 2, 2013. Retrieved April 2, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  93. ^ "Spike TV Announces 2011 'Video Game Awards' Winners". Spike.com. December 10, 2011. Retrieved October 27, 2012.
  94. ^ Clements, Ryan (2009-04-23). "The Joker Playable in Batman: Arkham Asylum". IGN. Retrieved 2009-04-27.
  95. ^ "Batman: Arkham Asylum, E3 09: Exclusive Joker Trailer". GameTrailers. May 29, 2009. Retrieved May 29, 2009.
  96. ^ Miller, Matt (April 15, 2013). "The Nemesis Of Batman: Arkham Origins". Game Informer. GameStop. Archived from the original on April 15, 2013. Retrieved January 30, 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  97. ^ Ahern, Colm (2017-04-25). "Injustice 2 achievements reveal Joker as playable character". VideoGamer.com. Retrieved 2017-04-25.
  98. ^ Telltale Games [@telltalegames] (17 November 2016). "Welcome, @AnthonyIngruber, to #Batman - The Telltale Series! We know your performance will put a fresh smile on eve…" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  99. ^ Makuch, Eddie (November 17, 2016). "Telltale's Batman Series Episode 4 Release Date and Trailer Revealed". GameSpot. Retrieved November 17, 2016.
  100. ^ Nunneley, Stephanny (July 19, 2017). "The Wolf Among Us 2, The Walking Dead: The Final Season coming in 2018, Batman: The Enemy Within out in August". VG247. Retrieved October 23, 2017.
  101. ^ [2]
  102. ^ Wigler, Josh (June 18, 2012). "Mark Hamill's Joker Gets 'Last Laugh' in New 'DC Universe Online' DLC". MTV News.
  103. ^ Pitcher, Jenna (June 26, 2014). "Catwoman, Aquaman, Joker get weird and wet in Infinite Crisis 2014 Summer Collection". Polygon.
  104. ^ Turbine, Inc. Infinite Crisis. Warner Bros. Interactive Entertainment. Scene: Credits, Voice Over Talent.
  105. ^ a b Hughes, Rob (July 20, 2011). "Batman Live: Theater Review". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on October 15, 2015. Retrieved October 15, 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  106. ^ Bernardin, Marc (September 28, 2012). "Batman Live: Theater Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on October 15, 2015. Retrieved October 15, 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  107. ^ Payne, Alex C. (September 6, 2012). "Batman Live - Anaheim & Los Angeles - Review." Things to Do Inland Empire. Retrieved October 15, 2015. "The wardrobes included bits and pieces that alluded to each of the Batman epics from the 1990s."
  108. ^ Martinovic, Paul (August 25, 2011). "Batman Live review #2". Den of Geek. Archived from the original on October 15, 2015. Retrieved October 15, 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)