Johnny Douglas

John William Henry Tyler Douglas (3 September 1882 – 19 December 1930) was an English cricketer who was active in the early decades of the twentieth century. Douglas was an all-rounder who played for Essex County Cricket Club from 1901 to 1928 and captained the county from 1911 to 1928. He also played for England and captained the England team both before and after the First World War with markedly different success. As well as playing cricket, Douglas was a notable amateur boxer who won the middleweight gold medal at the 1908 Olympic Games.[2][3]

Johnny Douglas
Johnny Douglas c1906.jpg
Douglas c. 1906
Personal information
Full nameJohn William Henry Tyler Douglas
Born(1882-09-03)3 September 1882
Stoke Newington, London, England
Died19 December 1930(1930-12-19) (aged 48)
at sea, seven miles south of the Læsø Trindel Lightship, Denmark
BattingRight-handed
BowlingRight arm fast-medium
International information
National side
Test debut (cap 170)15 December 1911 v Australia
Last Test8 January 1925 v Australia
Domestic team information
YearsTeam
1901–1928Essex
1903–1904London County
Career statistics
Competition Tests First-class
Matches 23 651
Runs scored 962 24,531
Batting average 29.15 27.90
100s/50s 1/6 26/107
Top score 119 210*
Balls bowled 2,812 83,528
Wickets 45 1,893
Bowling average 33.02 23.32
5 wickets in innings 1 113
10 wickets in match 0 23
Best bowling 5/46 9/47
Catches/stumpings 9/– 365/–
Source: Cricinfo, 11 November 2008
Johnny Douglas
Johnny Douglas.jpg
Douglas as a boxer at the 1908 Olympics
Sport
SportBoxing
ClubBelsize BC, Hampstead[1]
Medal record

Early lifeEdit

Douglas was the son of successful timber merchant John Herbert Douglas (1853-1930) and Julia Ann (née Tyler)[4] and was born at Stoke Newington, London in what is now Belfast Road. He was educated at Moulton Grammar School and Felsted School,[5] where at school he was coached by the former first-class player T.N. Perkins,[6] and joined his father's wood-importing firm, which supported his amateur status in cricket and boxing. Douglas also played football once for the England amateur side (occasion unknown, through loss of records).[7] He served in the Bedfordshire Regiment throughout World War I, eventually as major (acting lieutenant-colonel).[8]

Boxing careerEdit

Douglas took up boxing while still a schoolboy, and won the Amateur Boxing Association 1905 middleweight title, when boxing out of the Belsize ABC.[6]

In 1908 Douglas won an Olympic gold medal as a middleweight boxer.[9] All three of his bouts, including the final, described by The Times as "one of the most brilliant exhibitions of skilful boxing, allied to tremendous hitting, ever seen.", were held on the same day.[10] The silver medal winner, Snowy Baker, 44 years later falsely claimed that Douglas's father was the sole judge and referee.

Baker never publicly contested the close points verdict which Douglas, who scored a second-round knockdown over him and won in their Olympic final. Yet, in a 1952 interview, he claimed that Douglas's father had refereed the fight, leading to widespread suspicion of a dodgy decision. In reality Douglas senior was at ringside, to present the medals, in his role as president of the Amateur Boxing Association of England (ABA). The real referee was Eugene Corri, who did not have to give a casting vote as the two judges agreed that Douglas was a narrow winner.[10] Douglas Jr, his father and his younger brother, Cecil ('Pickles') were all prominent referees and officials in the ABA, the last also being the leading referee in the professional sport in the 1930s. Besides his Olympic gold, Douglas also won the 1905 ABA middleweight title.[11][12]

Olympic resultsEdit

  • Defeated René Doudelle (France) KO round 1
  • 2nd round bye
  • Defeated Ruben Warnes (Great Britain) KO round 2
  • Defeated Snowy Baker (Australia) Decision[1]

Cricket careerEdit

Douglas was an untiring fast-medium bowler and obdurate batsman who was nicknamed with a play on his initials JWHT as "Johnny Will Hit Today", or conversely "Johnny Won't Hit Today" by Australian hecklers. He captained the school teams at Felsted and was a member of Wanstead C.C. He made his Essex debut at the age of eighteen against Yorkshire, and bagged a pair, with George Hirst dismissing him in both innings.[6] He played in only two more matches that season, and in the 1902 season did not appear at all in first-class cricket, while working incessantly on his game in practice.[6] He regained his place in the Essex side in the 1903 season, playing eleven matches "but was still anything but a good player".[6] The improvements in his game continued, and by 1905 he had become a strong county bowler, finishing top of the Essex bowling averages with 31 wickets at an average of just above 26, and taking the first of his three first-class hat-tricks, against Yorkshire at Leyton.[6] In 1908, he passed 1000 runs in a season for the first time, and had matured into a leading all-rounder, who took over the captaincy of Essex in 1911, a captaincy which he retained until 1928.

He played for England before and after the First World War. Douglas was named as a Wisden Cricketer of the Year in 1915, but play was suspended during the war years. After the war until 1923 had to carry Essex's bowling on his shoulders except when George Louden turned out. He took over 100 wickets in a season seven times with a best of 147 in 1920. The following year against Derbyshire he produced perhaps the most remarkable all-round performance in English first-class cricket history. After taking nine for 47, Douglas stopped a breakdown against Bill Bestwick with an unbeaten 210 that tired him so much he did not bowl until the end of Derbyshire's second innings. He then took two for none, giving him a match record of eleven for 47.

Douglas captained England eighteen times, with a Test match record of won eight, lost eight, drawn two. Successful as stand-in captain in Australia in 1911, he won the series 4–1. On the 1920/21 tour of Australia he led a depleted post-war side which suffered a 0–5 'whitewash', a scoreline not repeated in an Ashes series until the 2006/7 England team lost by the same margin. Reappointed reluctantly by the M.C.C. in 1921, he lost the first two Tests at home to Warwick Armstrong's side and was displaced as captain but retained in the XI. He captained England in one further Test match, against South Africa in July 1924, and played his final Test on the 1924/25 England tour of Australia.[13]

Later lifeEdit

 
Douglas with his orchids at home in Theydon Bois, Essex, 1926

Douglas married Evelyn Ruby (sister of two of his close wartime friends), the widow of Captain Thomas Elphinstone Case, of the Coldstream Guards, and daughter of Adolphus Ferguson,[14][15] on 25 December 1916. He had no children but one stepson, the actor Gerald Case.

Douglas drowned when the Finnish passenger ship Oberon, on which he and his father were sailing back to Britain after buying timber in Finland, sank in the Kattegat seven miles south of the Læsø Trindel Lightship, Denmark. Another ship of the same line, Arcturus, had rammed her in fog after the two captains, who were brothers, had tried to exchange Christmas greetings.[16][17] According to a witness at the post mortem enquiry, Douglas may have been trying to save his father.[18] He was aged 48.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "John Douglas Bio, Stats, and Results | Olympics at". Sports-reference.com. Archived from the original on 18 April 2020. Retrieved 8 May 2014.
  2. ^ "Olympians Who Played First-Class Cricket". Olympedia. Retrieved 28 July 2020.
  3. ^ "Johnny Douglas". Olympedia. Retrieved 20 March 2021.
  4. ^ Ellis, Clive (2007). "Douglas, John William Henry Tyler [Johnny] (1882–1930), cricketer and all-round sportsman | Oxford Dictionary of National Biography". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/64942. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  5. ^ Lemmon 1983, pp. 2–4.
  6. ^ a b c d e f Bray, Charles (1970). "J.W.H.T. Douglas". In Batchelor, Denzil (ed.). Great Cricketers. Eyre & Spottiswoode. pp. 64–76. ISBN 0413265102.
  7. ^ "Player Profiles – Corinthian-Casuals Football Club". Corinthian-casuals.com. Archived from the original on 14 April 2014. Retrieved 8 May 2014.
  8. ^ Lemmon 1983, p. 80.
  9. ^ "Boxing at the Olympic Games – Amateur Boxing Association of England Limited". Abae.co.uk. Retrieved 8 May 2014.
  10. ^ a b "Boxing Monthly". Boxing Monthly. 26 February 2004. Archived from the original on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 8 May 2014.
  11. ^ "1905 – Amateur Boxing Association of England Limited". Abae.co.uk. Archived from the original on 23 November 2013. Retrieved 8 May 2014.
  12. ^ "John Douglas – Boxrec Boxing Encyclopaedia". Boxrec.com. Retrieved 8 May 2014.
  13. ^ "Player Profile: Johnny Douglas at Cricket Archive". CricketArchive. 19 December 1930. Retrieved 8 May 2014.
  14. ^ Walford's County Families of the United Kingdom. London: Spottiswoode. 1908. p. 188.
  15. ^ The Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News, vol. 86, 1917, p. 132
  16. ^ Lemmon 1983, pp. 33–34.
  17. ^ Wilson 1956, p. 220, 221.
  18. ^ "Chapman in charge". ESPNcricinfo. 3 September 2006. Retrieved 6 September 2017.

BibliographyEdit

  • Bray, Charles (1950). Essex County Cricket. London: Convoy Publications Ltd.
  • Lemmon, David (1983). Johnny Won't Hit Today – A Cricketing Biography of J. W. H. T. Douglas. London: George Allen & Unwin. ISBN 0047960760.
  • Wilson, RM (1956). The Big Ships. London: Cassell & Co. pp. 220, 221.

External linksEdit

Sporting positions
Preceded by English national cricket captain
1911/2
Succeeded by
Preceded by English national cricket captain
1913/4-1920/1
Succeeded by