Johnny Costa (born John Costanza; January 18, 1922 – October 11, 1996) was an American jazz pianist. Given the title "The White Art Tatum" by jazz legend Art Tatum, Costa is best known for his work as musical director of the children's television program Mister Rogers' Neighborhood.
|Birth name||John Costanza|
|Born||January 18, 1922|
Arnold, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Died||October 11, 1996 (aged 74)|
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Occupation(s)||Musician, music director|
|Instruments||Piano, celesta, synth, accordion|
|Labels||Warner Bros. Records|
|Associated acts||Fred Rogers|
Costa learned to play accordion at age seven and was reading music three years later. Frank Oliver, Costa's high school music teacher, urged him to learn the piano after discovering that Costa had perfect pitch. Costa graduated from Carnegie Mellon University with two degrees, in music and in education. In case he failed as a musician, Costa prepared himself to teach. Following college graduation, he began work the same day as the house pianist for a radio station in Pittsburgh. Eventually he performed the same role for KDKA-TV in Pittsburgh. He provided piano and organ music for many programs, eventually teaming with Fred Rogers to arrange and perform the music heard on Mister Rogers' Neighborhood for which he served as musical director until his death in 1996.
Costa's first recording was The Amazing Johnny Costa, a Savoy LP released in 1955 and reissued on CD as Neighborhood in 1989. Although his increasingly lucrative career was beginning to bring him international attention, the amount of time away from his family and friends led him to live and perform only in western Pennsylvania. He stopped traveling and gave up his job as musical director of The Mike Douglas Show. He returned to Pittsburgh and remained there for the rest of his life.
Costa appeared along with guitarist Joe Negri on the 1954 Ken Griffin TV series 67 Melody Lane. Johnny and Joe played two numbers, "After You've Gone" and "Little Brown Jug", the latter being accompanied by Ken Griffin at the organ.
Costa served as musical director, arranger, and keyboardist for the children's television series Mister Rogers' Neighborhood from the program's debut in 1968 until his death in 1996. The program's creator and host, Fred Rogers, regarded Costa as one of the most gifted musicians he had ever met. Rogers' choice was surprising because Costa's style was regarded as too complicated and sophisticated for a children's program. However, Costa accepted the job without hesitation since he didn't need to travel outside of Pittsburgh for it and Rogers offered him $5,000 to do it, the same amount he needed to pay his son's college tuition. Despite Mister Rogers' Neighborhood being a children's program, Costa insisted on not playing "baby" music. He believed children understood good music and that he could experiment with his own musical styles and techniques, even if it's played for a children's program. Each day, Costa and his trio (Carl McVicker Jr. on bass, Bobby Rawsthorne on percussion) played live in the studio for the filming. In addition to the show's recognizable main theme, they played the trolley whistle, Mr. McFeely's frenetic Speedy Delivery piano plonks, the vibraphone flute-toots (played on a synthesizer) as Fred fed his fish, dreamy celesta lines, incidental music, and Rogers' entrance and exit tunes.
After his death, Michael Moricz took over as musical director on Mr. Rogers' program and served the role until the show ended in 2001, though much of Costa's music continued to be used, including the celeste music heard at the beginning of each episode. The show's closing credits, as a request by Michael Moricz himself, also continued to list Costa alongside Moricz as its Musical Directors.
- "Marian McPartland's Piano Jazz with Johnny Costa". Piano Jazz. January 19, 1988.
- Kohler, Roy (February 26, 1956). "His Favorite Melody is 'Home Sweet Home'". Pittsburgh Press. p. 5.
- Dryden, Ken. "Johnny Costa Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved June 28, 2017.
- McNulty, Timothy (October 13, 1996). "Jazz Pianist, Used Keyboard to Tell Mr. Rogers' Stories". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. p. 85.
- The Mister Rogers' Neighborhood website
- Moricz, Michael (February 19, 2018). "On the 50th Anniversary of MISTER ROGERS NEIGHBORHOOD". Facebook. para. 7. Retrieved March 13, 2019.