John of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon

John of Scotland (or John de Scotia), 9th Earl of Huntingdon and 7th Earl of Chester (c. 1207 – 6 June 1237), sometimes known as "the Scot", was an Anglo-Scottish magnate, the son of David of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon by his wife Matilda of Chester, daughter of Hugh de Kevelioc.

John of Scotland
John the Scot.svg
The coat of arms of John of Scotland, 7th Earl of Chester.
Born1207
Died (aged 30)
Other namesJohn de Scotia, the Scot
TitleEarl of Chester
Term1232–1237
PredecessorMatilda of Chester
Countess of Salisbury suo jure
SuccessorExtinct - reverted to crown
Spouse(s)Elen ferch Llywelyn (1222–1237; his death)

John married Elen ferch Llywelyn, daughter of Llywelyn the Great, in about 1222.

John became Earl of Huntingdon in 1219 on the death of his father.

On the death of John's maternal uncle, Ranulph de Blondeville, Earl of Chester, on 26 October 1232, the Earldom of Chester was inherited by John's mother Matilda (Maud) of Chester (Ranulph's eldest sister). Less than a month later with the consent of the King, she gave an inter vivos gift of the earldom to her son John who became Earl of Chester by right of his mother.[1] He was formally invested by King Henry III as Earl of Chester[2] on 21 November 1232.[3] He became Earl of Chester in his own right six weeks later on the death of his mother in January 1233.

John died childless on 6 June 1237, aged 30. He too, like his uncle Ranulph before him, left three sisters as his co-heirs. They agreed to share the estates between them, and to make the husband of the eldest sister Christian, William de Forz, Earl of Chester and Huntingdon by right of his wife. However Henry III decided that the earldoms should be annexed to the crown "lest so fair a dominion should be divided among women".[3] In 1246, Henry bought the honour (estate) of Chester from John's four sisters. The earldom of Chester was recreated for Simon de Montfort in 1264, and the earldom of Huntingdon was recreated in 1337 for William de Clinton.

Peerage of England
Preceded by
David of Scotland
Earl of Huntingdon
1219–1237
Vacant
Reverted to crown
Title next held by
William de Clinton
Preceded by
Matilda of Chester
Earl of Chester
1232–1237
Vacant
Reverted to crown
Title next held by
Simon de Montfort

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Burke, John, A general and heraldic dictionary of the peerages of England, Ireland, and Scotland
  2. ^ Cawley, Charles, Charles Cawley, England, earls created 1067–1122, Medieval Lands database, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy,[self-published source][better source needed]
  3. ^ a b Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Chester, Earls of" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 6 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 107.