John Yates (police officer)
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John Yates (born 17 February 1959) is a former Assistant Commissioner in the London Metropolitan Police Service (2006–2011). As leader of the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS)'s Special Inquiry Squad (often called the "Celebrity Squad"), Yates was dubbed "Yates of the Yard" by the British press following his involvement in a number of cases with high media profiles. Yates came to particular prominence for heading the Cash for Honours investigation. Yates also coordinated the UK police response to the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami, heading "Operation Bracknell", for which he was awarded the Queen's Police Medal in January 2006. He resigned in July 2011 over criticism of a July 2009 review he carried out of the 2006 police investigation of the News of the World royal phone hacking scandal. He now works for the government of Bahrain advising it on reform of its security forces.
Yates was born in Liverpool "to a family of doctors". Yates was educated at Marlborough College, and went on to study at King's College London (BA Hons Medieval and Modern History, 1981) and Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge (Dip. Applied Criminol.).
Yates joined the Metropolitan Police in 1981. He served as a senior detective in North and West London and was the senior investigating officer on over 20 murders. He led 'Operation Russia', an inquiry into corruption in a regional crime squad in East Dulwich, which led to the imprisonment of six serving detectives for sentences totalling 46 years.
As leader of the MPS's Special Inquiry Squad (often called the "Celebrity Squad"), Yates was dubbed "Yates of the Yard" by the British press following his involvement in a number of cases with high media profiles. He headed the investigation of Lord Archer for perjury, the fraud investigation involving TV game show Who Wants To Be a Millionaire? and the bringing of rape charges against John Leslie." He also handled the police investigation which led to the failed trial of Paul Burrell for stealing; the trial collapsed with the Burrell affair.
Yates was appointed Deputy Assistant Commissioner in January 2004. In that role, he was Director of Serious and Organised Crime in the MPS, with responsibility for homicide, child protection, tackling organised criminal networks, gun crime and covert policing. Yates coordinated the UK police response to the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami, heading "Operation Bracknell" for which he was awarded the Queen's Police Medal in January 2006. As part of that work, Yates visited the devastated areas, and dealt with diplomats and the bereaved. Yates was also the Met Police's senior officer who travelled to Brazil to meet the family of Jean Charles de Menezes, who had been shot dead after being mistaken for a terrorist in the immediate aftermath of the London Bombings in July 2005.
Assistant Commissioner (2006–2011)Edit
Yates' promotion to Assistant Commissioner was confirmed by the Metropolitan Police Authority on 18 December 2006; he had previously held the position on a temporary basis. A press release issued by the Metropolitan Police Authority stated that Yates would be a member of the MPS management board: "John Yates will help formulate the strategic direction of the largest police service in the country and will manage a major business area".
In March 2009, it was reported that Yates had been assigned to investigate allegations of torture made against UK anti-terrorism officials and on 9 April 2009, it was announced that he would replace Bob Quick as head of Specialist Operations.
Cash for peerages inquiryEdit
As Deputy Assistant Commissioner, then acting Assistant Commissioner, Yates headed the team of detectives investigating the allegations that life peerages were awarded in return for loans, and it was a member of his team who interviewed the then Prime Minister, Tony Blair in December 2006. Yates's team handed its main file on the cash for peerages inquiry to the Crown Prosecution Service on Friday 20 April 2007. On 20 July 2007, the CPS announced that no charges would be brought as a result of the investigation for lack of direct evidence of an agreement that would have violated the law forbidding the sale of honours.
Phone hacking scandalEdit
In mid-2009, Yates conducted a review of the 2006 Police inquiry into the News of the World royal phone hacking scandal, which had led to the imprisonment of two men in January 2007. In light of the new allegations in The Guardian, in July 2009 the Metropolitan Police commissioner Sir Paul Stephenson asked Assistant Commissioner Yates to review the original investigation for new evidence. In one 8 hour meeting, Yates reviewed the investigation but did not take any further action. In a later public statement, and in a July 2009 appearance at the Home Affairs Select Committee, he announced of the initial investigation that he "found it to be satisfactory". Yates then passed his findings back to the Commissionera and agreed with lawyers and the head of the Crown Prosecution Service Keir Starmer that no further action need be taken, and the case was not reopened. Yate's review did not include examination of possible leads from the thousands of pages of the available evidence seized in raids between 1999 and 2006. On September 2009, Yates reported his conclusions to the Commons Culture, Media and Sport Committee saying, "There remain now insufficient grounds or evidence to arrest or interview anyone else and... no additional evidence has come to light."
In 2011, dramatic developments in the scandal led to the closure of the News of the World newspaper, Yates faced allegations of wrongdoing, including from MP Chris Bryant, who called for his resignation saying "a very dirty smell" surrounded the police's conduct in the matter. The main accusations relate to having misled Parliament, having repeatedly reported that there was evidence of only around 10–12 cases, but it later emerged that police had evidence of "a vast number" of victims. Yates later said that he believed that he should refer only to cases where voicemail messages had been shown to have been intercepted prior to them being heard by the intended recipient. He also claimed to have ensured that four major mobile phone companies had informed around 120 people that their messages had been hacked, a claim disputed by the companies involved, two of which wrote to Scotland Yard stating that it was incorrect. On 9 July 2009, Yates issued a statement.
Other criticisms related to failures to inform individuals that there was evidence their phone had been hacked, the perceived lack of thoroughness of the investigation and failure to take adequate action against officers who were known to have illegally accepted bribes.
In an interview with The Sunday Telegraph published on 9 July 2011, Yates expressed "extreme regret" for the failings in the initial phone hacking inquiry but dismissed any suggestion of corruption or improper relationships on his part. On 18 July 2011, Yates announced his resignation from the Metropolitan Police. The Met said of his resignation, "Assistant Commissioner John Yates has this afternoon indicated his intention to resign to the chair of the Metropolitan Police Authority. His resignation was accepted".
In May 2012, a report into phone hacking by a House of Commons select committee found that Yates, along with director of public prosecutions Keir Starmer, was culpable for failing to properly investigate evidence when hacking was first brought to his attention in 2006-2007. The report concluded, "The police at that time had no interest or willingness to uncover the full extent of the phone-hacking which had taken place". Since Yates's resignation and the reopening of police investigations in 2011, 90 people have been arrested and 16 have been formally charged with crimes.
Yates was the subject of very serious criticism by Lord Justice Leveson in his report:
'In reality, Mr Yates failed adequately to address any question other than whether there was anything in the newspaper reports that constituted "new evidence". This was notwithstanding the fact that a vast amount of documentation available from the August 2006 seizures had not been fully analysed by the MPS itself; very little of it had been considered (let alone reviewed) by the CPS, save only for the very limited exercise of disclosure of unused material.' [page 417, Volume 1, Leveson Report]
There was a mischaracterisation of the evidence which had been provisionally reviewed in August/September 2006 as amounting to “no evidence” either of other criminal offences or as implicating other potential defendants or, alternatively, if it was thought that there was evidence but only insufficient to prosecute, to consider whether, in the light of the Guardian’s article, that approach continued to be correct. [page 418, Volume 1, Leveson Report]
Lord Justice Leveson described his approach from the outset as "inappropriately dismissive, defensive and closed-minded" (p. 418, vol. 1, Leveson Report).
Advisor to BahrainEdit
After findings that the security forces of Bahrain used excessive force, torture and summary justice to crush a popular protest movement, Yates was appointed to oversee reform of the police force.
Subsequent to his appointment, Human Rights Watch criticised Bahrain's authorities for failing to adopt "critical recommendations" made by an independent commission that looked into extensive human rights violations during the crackdown on pro-democracy protesters in 2011. Joe Stork, deputy Middle East director at Human Rights Watch, said Bahrain's authorities had failed to investigate the involvement of high-ranking officials in "rampant torture or unlawful killings".
Prior to the 2012 Bahrain Grand Prix, Yates condemned what he said were "criminals" attacking unarmed police. He told Channel 4 News, "Bahrain is a place, a beautiful place. But there are some problems in some of the villages. There are some daily skirmishes, very dangerous skirmishes between what can only be described as criminals who are throwing petrol bombs at police and otherwise attacking the police.... What we see in the villages is nothing like peaceful protest. These are attacks on police officers, unarmed police officers".
The day after his comments, a child was admitted to intensive care after being shot in the chest by anti-riot police firing live ammunition and tear gas during a funeral procession for an activist killed the previous month.
Strong criticism has been directed at Yates for comments he has made on policing in Bahrain. New Statesman senior editor Mehdi Hasan branded the former Met chief a "disgrace", and Bahrani pro-democracy activist Ali Mushaima called for Yates to leave the country: "John Yates is not welcome in Bahrain". Despite a man being beaten to death by police on the eve of the Grand Prix and the arrests of Japanese and Western journalists (their Bahraini associates were also badly beaten), the day after the race, Yates had an article in The Daily Telegraph in which he claimed that Bahrain was "bewildered by the world's hostility" and said the country "is not Syria". He added, "The abiding image I have of the Grand Prix last weekend was of thousands of people enjoying themselves at the post‑event parties".
A week later, Human Rights Watch released another report on Bahrain:
[The] police are beating and torturing detainees, including minors, despite public commitments to end torture and police impunity. . . . Bahrain has displaced the problem of torture and police brutality from inside police stations to the point of arrest and transfer to police stations. . . . Human Rights Watch raised the issue of police brutality and torture during arrest and at informal facilities with Bahrain's chief of public security, Major General Tariq al-Hasan, and his two senior international advisers, John Yates and John Timoney, on April 17. Timoney and Yates said they had visited some of the facilities identified by Human Rights Watch but found no evidence at the time of their visits of detainees being taken there and mistreated.
A few weeks later, the Bahraini government was forced to deny independent autopsy evidence that Yousef Mowali, a 23-year-old man with mental health problems, had been electrocuted and otherwise tortured by the police until he lost consciousness; Mowali was then dumped in water while still unconscious and drowned.
- Ed Vulliamy, The Observer, 11 February 2007, Super-sleuth or political animal?
- BBC News website, 13 July 2006, Profile: John Yates. Retrieved 18 December 06
- Government News Network: MPA press release, 18 December 06: MPA Appoints New Assistant Commissioner to the Met Archived 28 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- New Statesman 17 April 2012
- Association of Chief Police Officers: Police Study into Drug Assisted Rape, 1 Nov 04, (accessed 18 Dec 06) Archived 28 February 2006 at the Wayback Machine
- BBC News Website, 18 December 2006, Cash-for-honours officer promoted. Retrieved 19 December 06
- The Times, 12 November 2006, Times Online: Yates of the Yard closes in on Blair. Retrieved 1 February 07
- Daily Mail, 29 March 2009, Yates of the Yard to lead torture investigation
- UK | Police chief quits over blunder. BBC News (9 April 2009). Retrieved 18 August 2011.
- Website: Police hand honours file to CPS 20 April 2007 (accessed 20 April 2007). BBC News (20 April 2007). Retrieved 18 August 2011.
- No charges on cash-for-honours 20 July 2007 (accessed 3 December 2008). BBC News (20 July 2007). Retrieved 18 August 2011.
- Matt Blake (11 July 2011). "John Yates's confession prompts calls for him to step down". The Independent. UK. Retrieved 18 July 2011.
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- "Examination of Witnesses (Question Numbers 1889-1899)-Assistant Commissioner John Yates and Detective Chief Superintendent Philip Williams". UK Parliament. 2 September 2009. Retrieved 27 August 2011.
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- Nick Davies, The Guardian, 5 April 2011, Phone-hacking case policeman John Yates under pressure to resign
- Nick Davies, The Guardian, 8 April 2011, Phone hacking: Mobile companies challenge John Yates's evidence
- Statement from AC John Yates, Metropolitan Police Service, 9 July 2009
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- Channel 4 News, 8 July 2011, Police who took cash for info 'still working'
- Palmer, Alasdair (9 July 2011). "John Yates: Phone hacking investigation was a 'cock up'". The Sunday Telegraph. London. Retrieved 10 July 2011.
- Guardian Live Blog, 18 July 2011
- Association, Press (1 May 2012). "John Yates And Keir Starmer 'Culpable' For Phone Hacking, Say MPs". The Huffington Post. London. Retrieved 5 May 2012.
- McElroy, Damien (2 December 2011). "Bahrain hires John Yates, former Met officer, to oversee reform". The Daily Telegraph. London.
- "Bahrain: Vital Reform Commitments Unmet". Human Rights Watch. New York. 28 March 2012.
- Carlstrom, Gregg (29 March 2012). "'Critical' rights reforms ignored in Bahrain". al Jazeera. Doha.
- Quinn, Ben (13 February 2012). "Kettling would work well in Bahrain, says former Met police chief". The Guardian. London.
- Frei, Matt (12 April 2012). "Police watchdog criticises top Met officers". Channel 4 News. London.
- Marsden, Sam (12 April 2012). "John Yates criticised over Bahrain comments". The Independent. London.
- Davies, Caroline (13 April 2012). "Bloodshed feared as Bahrain Formula One grand prix given go-ahead". guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 14 April 2012.
- "Teen protester 'shot in chest' in Bahrain". Al Jazeera English. 14 April 2012. Retrieved 15 April 2012.
- Hasan, Mehdi (17 April 2012). "Why is John Yates working for the brutal Bahraini regime?". New Statesman. London.
- Adetunji, Jo; Beaumont, Peter (21 April 2012). "Bahrain protester found dead on eve of grand prix". guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 24 April 2012.
- Mirkinson, Jack (23 April 2012). "Bahrain: Journalists Beaten, Arrested, Deported (VIDEO)". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 24 April 2012.; The Guardian 23 April 2012 
- Yates, John (23 April 2012). "Bahrain is bewildered by the world's hostility". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 23 April 2012.
- "Bahrain: Police Brutality, Despite Reform Pledges". Human Rights Watch. 29 April 2012. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
- Cassel, Matthew (18 May 2012). "Autopsy finds torture behind Bahrain drowning". Al Jazeera English. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
| Metropolitan Police Service
Assistant Commissioner (Specialist Crime Directorate)
| Metropolitan Police Service
Assistant Commissioner (Specialist Operations)