Jovan Uroš Nemanjić (Serbian Cyrillic: Јован Урош Немањић) or John Ouresis Doukas Palaiologos or Joasaph of Meteora (Greek: Ιωάννης Ούρεσης Δούκας Παλαιολόγος, romanizedIōannēs Ouresēs Doúkas Palaiologos), was the ruler of Thessaly from c. 1370 to c. 1373, retiring as a monk for the next half century thereafter. He died in 1422 or 1423.[1][2]

Jovan Uroš
Јован Урош
Fresco of Jovan and Athanasios of Meteora, in Megala Meteora, Greece
Emperor of the Serbs and Greeks
Venerated inEastern Orthodox Church
Ruler of Thessaly
PredecessorSimeon Uroš
Died1422 or 1423
  • Constantine,
  • Michael,
  • Demetrios,
  • Asanina,
  • Helena
FatherSimeon Uroš
MotherThomais Orsini
ReligionSerbian Orthodox

Life edit

John Uroš was the son of Emperor Simeon Uroš Nemanjic by Thomais Orsini. He was born in 1350 and died in 1422.[3] His maternal grandparents were John II Orsini and Anna Palaiologina.

Between 1369 and 1372 he succeeded his father as titular emperor of the Serbians and Greeks, although his rule was limited to Thessaly. He may have been associated on the throne by his father as early as 1359/60. After reigning for an uncertain number of years, John Uroš abdicated in favour of his relative, the Caesar Alexios Angelos Philanthropenos, and became a monk.

He joined the monastic community founded by his father at Meteora, where he is documented under his monastic name Joasaph in 1381. Although he had surrendered political power, John Uroš remained wealthy and influential. In 1384–1385 he helped his sister Maria govern Epirus after the murder of her husband Thomas II Preljubović. He endowed the monasteries at Meteora and eventually became the head of the local monastic community, rebuilding or establishing further monasteries in the area in 1388 and 1390. In the 1390s he visited Mount Athos, but was back in Meteora by 1401, and died there in 1422 or 1423.

John Uroš was the last emperor of Serbs and Greeks and the last Serbian ruler of Thessaly. His relative Alexios Angelos Philanthropenos succeeded him and recognized Byzantine suzerainty, and the area was lost to Bayezid I of the Ottoman Empire by his son Manuel Angelos Philanthropenos in 1394. John Uroš had a younger brother named Stefan Uroš, ruler of Pharsalus (sons of Simeon Uroš), who may have held Pharsalos as his fief. Although he died long after his brother became monk, he did not succeed him as ruler of Thessaly.

Family edit

The Monastery of Great Meteoron at Meteora, founded by John Uroš

John Uroš married a daughter of Radoslav Hlapen, a Serbian lord in Macedonia. According to the manuscript Dell'Imperadori Constantinopolitani, preserved in the papers of Angelo Masarelli, the father of John's wife was "lord of Drima" ("l Signor Drimi"). John had five children:[4]

Ancestry edit

References edit

  1. ^ Beckwith, John; Krautheimer, Richard; Ćurčić, Slobodan (1986). Early Christian and Byzantine Art. ISBN 0300052960.
  2. ^ Vapheiades, Constantine. "Great Meteoron Monastery Book Summary".
  3. ^ Vapheiades, Constantine. "Great Meteoron Monastery Book Summary".
  4. ^ the Masarelli manuscript, 'Dell'Imperadori Constantinopolitani', from papers of 'Massarellus', Angelo Massarelli (1510-1566), held now in the Vatican Library, reports: "Cesare Urione de Phersali hebbe dui figlioli, Demetrio et Giovani, il quale prese per moglia da figlia del S'or Drimi, hebbe cinque figlioli, cioe Helena, Constantino, Michel, Asanina, Demetrio. Helena fu maritata in Theodoro Catacusino."

Sources edit

Preceded by Ruler of Thessaly
(Serbian throne)

Succeeded by