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John Stokes (12 May 1872[1] – 17 September 1942) was a British trade unionist and political activist.

Stokes came to prominence as secretary of the small London Glass Bottle Makers union. He was also a member of the British Socialist Party (BSP), who put him forward as their proposed candidate for Bradford East at the election which was expected to take place in 1914 or 1915. However, this was against the wishes of local BSP activists, and he failed to gain the support of the local Independent Labour Party.[2]

Long active on the London Trades Council, Stokes replaced his BSP comrade Fred Knee as its secretary in 1914, serving for three years.[3] Also in 1914, the BSP affiliated to the Labour Party, and Stokes immediately took a leading role in founding the London Labour Party, serving as its first Chairman.[4]

Although Stokes strongly opposed conscription during World War I,[5] he did not oppose the war overall. This placed him on the right-wing of the BSP, and in 1916 he joined several other leading figures in splitting away to form the National Socialist Party (NSP).[6]

Stokes remained secretary of his union, while also becoming chair of the National Federation of Glass Workers and Kindred Trade Unions.[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1939 England and Wales Register
  2. ^ Martin Crick, The History of the Social-Democratic Federation, p.254
  3. ^ Ross McKibbin, The Evolution of the Labour Party, 1910-1924, p.29
  4. ^ Brian Barker, Labour in London: A Study in Municipal Achievement, pp.53-54
  5. ^ Alan Clinton, The Trade Union Rank and File: Trades Councils in Britain, 1900-40, p.64
  6. ^ Max Beer, A History of British Socialism
  7. ^ The Chemical Age, vol.6, p.660
Trade union offices
Preceded by
Harry Quelch
Chairman of the London Trades Council
1913–1914
Succeeded by
Edward Friend
Preceded by
Fred Knee
Secretary of the London Trades Council
1914–1917
Succeeded by
Duncan Carmichael
Preceded by
Ben Cooper
Treasurer of the London Trades Council
1917–1942
Succeeded by
Harry Hynd
Preceded by
Joe Hall and Jimmy Rowan
Trades Union Congress representative to the American Federation of Labour
1934
With: Alexander Walkden
Succeeded by
Andrew Conley and Andrew Naesmith
Party political offices
Preceded by
Dan Irving
President of the British Socialist Party
1914
Succeeded by
Arthur Seabury
Preceded by
New position
Chairman of the London Labour Party
1915 – 1916
Succeeded by
Fred Bramley