John Savage, 2nd Earl Rivers

John Savage, 2nd Earl Rivers (25 February 1603 – 10 October 1654) was a wealthy English nobleman, politician and Royalist from Cheshire.[1]

The Earl Rivers

Coat of armsCoat of arms of the Savage family
BornJohn Savage
25 February 1603
Died10 October 1654 (aged 51)
Frodsham Castle, Frodsham, Cheshire
BuriedSt Michael and All Angels' Church, Macclesfield
53°15′37″N 2°07′28″W / 53.2603°N 2.1244°W / 53.2603; -2.1244
ResidenceRocksavage, Halton Castle, Frodsham Castle
Noble familySavage family
Spouse(s)Lady Catherine Parker
Mary Ogle
Issuewith Catherine:
Thomas Savage, 3rd Earl Rivers
Lady Jane Savage
John Savage b. 1630
Elizabeth, Baroness Petre
Catherine, Lady Sedley
Lady Mary Killigrew
with Mary:
Hon. Peter Savage
ParentsThomas Savage, 1st Viscount Savage
Elizabeth Savage, Countess Rivers
OccupationMember of Parliament for Cheshire from 1624-25, Steward of Halton Castle, Patron of the Earl Rivers Regiment of Foote
Arms of Savage: Argent, six lions rampant, sable[2][3]

Family edit

A member of the Savage family, John was the first son of Thomas Savage, 1st Viscount Savage, and Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Darcy, 1st Earl Rivers.[1][2] He was born on 25 February 1603 and christened on 11 March 1603 in the parish of Saint Botolph without Bishopsgate, London.[4] He succeeded to the Savage viscountcy in 1635 on the death of his father, and succeeded to the Rivers earldom on the death of his grandfather in 1640, by a remainder to his father and his heirs.[5]

By 1626, he had married Catherine, daughter of William Parker, 13th Baron Morley by his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Thomas Tresham,[6] and they had eight children, including:

By 1647, he had married Mary, daughter of Thomas Ogle, and they had one child, Peter.[6]

Life edit

He was from a Catholic family; he and his family owned land in Ireland and England. Oxford educated, he went into politics and became Member of Parliament for Cheshire. He was knighted on 7 August 1624.[1] The Savage family were lords of the manor of Frodsham. His coat of arms, argent, six Lions rampant, sable, 3.2. and 1. Savage.[2] The family crest was a lion's jambe, erect out of a ducal coronet, or.[3]

Earl Rivers, as Steward of Halton, lived at Halton Castle, near Runcorn. His other properties included the manor house of Rocksavage at Clifton near Runcorn, which was passed down through his family. Rocksavage was similar in appearance to Brereton Hall, which was built about the same time.

In 1639/40 Rivers was appointed on to a committee investigating complaints against Charles I. During 1641 his allegiance swung back to Charles, and in 1642 he was given the King's commission of Array to raise a Regiment of Foot in Cheshire. Savage raised most of his troops in Cheshire and some in Kent. It was a large and well-equipped force, well-trained and with experienced officers who had seen service in Europe and Ireland. The Earl Rivers Regiment of Foote was present on the day the King raised his standard in Nottingham, and they served in major battles thereafter.

When Rivers returned to Cheshire he placed Halton Castle under the command of Captain Walter Primrose, and fortified it. The castle fell to two parliamentary sieges, the first led by Sir William Brereton in 1643. The Parliamentarians held the castle for a while but then, hearing of the approach of superior Royalist forces led by Prince Rupert, they abandoned it. The Royalists in turn withdrew from Halton and the Parliamentarians occupied the castle once again. With Halton Castle under Parliamentary control, and with Rocksavage now in ruins, Earl Rivers retired to Frodsham Castle, and took no other part in the Civil War. There he died on 10 October 1654.[7] A few hours after his death, with his body lying within, the castle was set on fire and burned down. It was completely destroyed. The body was rescued, later to be buried privately two days later in Macclesfield.[7]

Notes edit

  1. ^ a b c Kyle 2010.
  2. ^ a b c Burke 1844, p. 470.
  3. ^ a b Savage-Armstrong 1888, p. 61.
  4. ^ Hallen 1 1889, p. 154.
  5. ^ Cokayne XI 1949, p. 26.
  6. ^ a b Cokayne XI 1949, pp. 26–27.
  7. ^ a b Cokayne XI 1949, p. 27.

References edit

  • Burke, John; Burke, Bernard (1844). A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies of England, Ireland, and Scotland (2nd ed.). London: John Russell Smith.
  • Cokayne, G. E. (1949). White, Geoffrey H. (ed.). The Complete Peerage; or, a History of the House of Lords and all its Members from the Earliest Times. Vol. XI. London: St Catherine Press.
  • Hallen, A. W. Cornelius (1889). The Registers of St. Botolph, Bishopsgate, London. Vol. 1. Edinburgh: Printed by T. and A. Constable.
  • Kyle, Chris (2010). "Savage, John (1603–1654), of Rock Savage, Cheshire". In Thrush, Andrew; Ferris, John P. (eds.). The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1604-1629.
  • Savage-Armstrong, George Francis (1888). The Ancient and Noble Family of the Savages of the Ards, with Sketches of English and American Branches of the House of Savage. London: Marcus Ward & Co.

External links edit

Parliament of England
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Chester
With: Edward Whitby
Succeeded by
Peerage of England
Preceded by Earl Rivers
Succeeded by
Preceded by Viscount Savage