John Radcliffe Hospital

John Radcliffe Hospital (informally known as the JR or the John Radcliffe) is a large tertiary teaching hospital in Oxford, England. It forms part of Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust and is named after John Radcliffe, an 18th-century physician and Oxford University graduate, who endowed the Radcliffe Infirmary, the main hospital for Oxford from 1770 until 2007.

John Radcliffe Hospital
Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
John Radcliffe Hospital
John Radcliffe Hospital is located in Oxfordshire
John Radcliffe Hospital
Location within Oxfordshire
LocationHeadington, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England
Care systemNational Health Service
Affiliated university
Emergency departmentYes – Major Trauma Centre
Links Edit this at Wikidata

It is the main teaching hospital for Oxford University and Oxford Brookes University, and incorporates the Oxford University Medical School.



The distinctive large white-tiled structure occupies a prominent position on Headington Hill, on the outskirts of Oxford.[1]

JR1: This was the initial hospital building, opened in 1972. It houses women's services and neonatology. The second building, JR2, opened in 1979 and is much larger. It contains most of the other specialist services for the region.[2] Other facilities were then added to the site, including the University of Oxford's Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) of the Brain.[3]

Model Utahraptor at the entrance of John Radcliffe Children's Hospital

The West Wing: With the closure of the Radcliffe Infirmary and consolidation of the other hospital sites in Oxford, a further large expansion took place, the facilities for which were procured under a Private Finance Initiative contract in 2003. The works, which were designed by Austin-Smith:Lord and undertaken by Carillion at a cost of £134 million, were completed in December 2006.[4] This new complex, known as the West Wing, involved the construction of the new Oxford Children's Hospital, the relocated Oxford Eye Hospital, and the departments of neurosciences/head and neck and of Ear Nose & Throat (ENT).[5] The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh officially commemorated the opening of the new West Wing and Children's Hospital at a special ceremony in late November 2008 in front of patients, staff, fundraisers and supporters who had helped raise the £15 million needed to build the Children's Hospital.[6] In 2017 the Oxford University Natural History Museum donated a model Utahraptor for the entrance to the Children's Hospital.[7]

Departments and units


The main parts of the hospital are as follows:

  • Oxford Children's Hospital is located in the West Wing complex; it was opened in 2007[8]
  • Oxford Eye Hospital is located in the West Wing, on Level LG1; it transferred from the old Radcliffe Infirmary in 2007[9]
  • The Nuffield Laboratory of Ophthalmology (NLO) is located with the Oxford Eye Hospital in the West Wing; it was also transferred from the old Radcliffe Infirmary in 2007[10]

In 2012, the hospital was designated as a major trauma centre, covering the Thames Valley area.[11]



Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust (OUH) is the NHS Host, with the University of Oxford as the Academic Partner, for one of the leading Biomedical Research Centres (BRC) in the UK. The National Institute for Health and Care Research (NIHR) Oxford Biomedical Research Centre (OxBRC) was one of the 11 original BRCs in 2007, and was awarded £114 million by the UK Department of Health (DH) for its third tranche of research, to begin in April 2017.[12] At the same time, the nearby Oxford Health NIHR BRC, also partnered by the University of Oxford, was awarded a further £12 million, bringing a total of £126 million in research funds to the city.[13]

See also



  1. ^ "John Radcliffe (1650 - 1714)". Lincoln College, Oxford. Archived from the original on 23 February 2020. Retrieved 21 January 2017.
  2. ^ "It's time to celebrate 125 years of Oxford nursing". Oxford Mail. 29 December 2015. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
  3. ^ "Oxford Centre for Functional MRI of the Brain". Oxford University. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
  4. ^ "Right prescription for Oxford John Radcliffe". Growth Business. 22 August 2008. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
  5. ^ "Oxford University Hospitals". Archived from the original on 18 February 2008.
  6. ^ The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh visit Oxfordshire.
  7. ^ "Museum dinosaur finds new home at Oxford Children's Hospital". Oxford Mail. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  8. ^ "Children's Hospital". Retrieved 28 October 2016.
  9. ^ "Bust is missing but founder is remembered". Oxford Times. 2 July 2009. Retrieved 28 October 2016.
  10. ^ "A brief history of the Nuffield Laboratory of Ophthalmology". Archived from the original on 2 October 2013.
  11. ^ "Major trauma centres like the John Radcliffe Hospital have saved hundreds of lives". Oxford Mail. 22 August 2018. Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  12. ^ "About the NIHR Oxford Biomedical Research Centre". NIHR Oxford Biomedical Research Centre. Retrieved 21 December 2021.
  13. ^ "£126.5 million for Oxford medical research". My science. 14 September 2016. Retrieved 28 October 2016.

51°45′49″N 1°13′7″W / 51.76361°N 1.21861°W / 51.76361; -1.21861