John Parkinson (politician)
John Allen Parkinson CBE (15 October 1870 – 7 December 1941) was a British Labour Party politician and former coal miner. He stood for Parliament seven times and was overwhelmingly elected each time.
|Member of Parliament|
14 December 1918 – 7 December 1941
|Preceded by||Reginald Neville|
|Succeeded by||William Foster|
|Born||15 October 1870|
|Died||7 December 1941(aged 71)|
Parkinson was born in Hindley Green, Lancashire, and worked as a coal miner in the Lancashire Coalfield. He entered politics in 1908, when he was elected as a member of the Urban District Council in Abram, He then served many years on the Lancashire County Council. In 1917, he was appointed miners' agent for the Lancashire and Cheshire Miners' Federation.
Parkinson was elected to the House of Commons as Member of Parliament (MP) for Wigan at the 1918 general election supported by the Miners' Federation of Great Britain, replacing the Conservative MP Reginald Neville. He served as a Lord Commissioner of the Treasury in Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald's second and third ministries. He stayed active in the mining industry throughout his life, and was a member of a 1930 Parliamentary delegation that traveled to Northern Rhodesia to investigate working conditions in the copper-mining industry.
Parkinson was re-elected at each subsequent general election until his death in Orrell at the age of 71 in 1941, when he became the first of four Wigan MPs to die in office in the 20th century. In the consequent by-election in 1942, the seat was held for Labour by William Foster. Wigan has returned Labour MPs ever since.
Parkinson was twice married; his first wife Alice (née Pilkington) died in 1904. He married Ida (née Atkinson) the following year.
- "Mr. J. A. Parkinson, M.P". The Times. The Times Digital Archive. 8 December 1940. p. 6.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983) . British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 276. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- "No. 33675". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 December 1930. p. 9.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by John Parkinson
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament for Wigan
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