John Oxenford (12 August 1812 – 21 February 1877) was an English dramatist, critic and translator.
Oxenford was born in Camberwell, London, his father a prosperous merchant. Whilst he was privately educated, it is reported that he was mostly self-taught in Greek, Latin and modern languages. He began his literary career by writing on finance, though later became the author of many translations from German, notably of Goethe's Dichtung und Wahrheit (1846) and Eckermann's Conversations with Goethe (1850).
Oxenford's primary interest was in the theatre and over sixty-eight plays are attributed to him. His first play was My Fellow Clerk, produced at the Lyceum Theatre in 1835. This was followed by a long series of pieces, the most famous of which was perhaps the Porter's Knot (1858) and Twice Killed (1835). He also wrote many operatic libretti, including eight for George Alexander Macfarren, including Robin Hood (1860) and Helvellyn (1864). Oxenford was an acquaintance of Charles Dickens, and he adapted Oliver Twist for the stage in 1868. Later in life he became dramatic critic of The Times and wrote a version of Last Days of Pompeii in 1872.
Bryan Magee, in his The Philosophy of Schopenhauer, described how Oxenford contributed to the promulgation of Schopenhauer's work. Oxenford's anonymous Westminster Review 1853 article, "Iconoclasm in German Philosophy," was written in order to present Schopenhauer as a critic of Hegel. It was translated and published in the Vossische Zeitung, which resulted in German readers showing enthusiastic and enduring interest in Schopenhauer's writings. It also advanced the cause of Richard Wagner in Britain.
His 1835 one-act A Day Well Spent, after expansion, translation, and rewriting, formed the basis of Thornton Wilder's 1954 play The Matchmaker, which itself was the basis of the 1964 stage musical Hello, Dolly! and its 1969 film adaptation.
- Hawkins, F (1897). "John Oxenford". The Theatre : a monthly review of the drama, music and the fine arts, Jan. 1880-June 1894. 30: 80–90.
- Warren, K.M. (1911). "John Oxenford". The Catholic Encyclopaedia. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
- Burton, Nigel (2001). "John Oxenford". In Root, Deane L. (ed.). The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. Oxford University Press.
- Lohrli, Anne. "John Oxenford". Dickens Journals Online. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
- Troxell, Mary (n.d.). "Arthur Schopenhauer (1788—1860)". Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
- "John Oxenford". Musical times and singing class circular, 1844-1903. 18(409): 117–118. 1877.
- Works written by or about John Oxenford at Wikisource
- Works by John Oxenford at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about John Oxenford at Internet Archive
- Works by John Oxenford at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
- "John Oxenford". Catholic Encyclopedia.
- "Iconoclasm in German Philosophy". The Westminster Review. J. Chapman. 1853. p. 388.