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Sir John Meurig Thomas or JMT[4] FLSW FRS HonFREng HonFRSE FRMS (born 15 December 1932) is a Welsh chemist, historian of science and educator primarily known for his work on heterogeneous catalysis, solid-state chemistry, and surface and materials science.[5][6] Much of his research has involved creating new solid catalysts and trying to understand the structure and activity of existing ones using techniques such as X-ray absorption, NMR spectroscopy, and high resolution transmission electron microscopy.[7] In recent years, he has focused on designing green chemistry catalysts for clean technology and on developing ways of studying catalysts in situ.[8]:6-7, 623-638

Sir John Meurig Thomas
Sir-john-meurig-thomas rare-book-room.jpg
Sir John Meurig Thomas, 2011
Born (1932-12-15) 15 December 1932 (age 86)[1]
Alma mater
Awards
Scientific career
Institutions
Websitewww.ch.cam.ac.uk/person/jmt2

External video
Sir John Meurig Thomas 20190429 130507740.jpg
“Can Selective Catalysts Deliver Clean Technology and Sustainability?”, Sir John Meurig Thomas, 19 June 2012
”Some of Tomorrow's Catalysts: Actual and Desired”, Sir John Meurig Thomas, 27 May 2015
”Sir John Meurig Thomas discusses Humphry Davy's development of the miner's safety lamp”, The Royal Society, 31 March 2015

In 1991 Thomas was knighted "for services to chemistry and the popularisation of science".[9][10] Thomas has authored more than 1200 scientific articles and several books,[11][12] including Michael Faraday and the Royal Institution: The Genius of Man and Place (1991),[7][13][14]Principles and Practice of Heterogeneous Catalysis (with W. John Thomas, 1997, 2014)[15][16], and Design and Applications of Single-Site Heterogeneous Catalysts: Contributions to Green Chemistry, Clean Technology and Sustainability (2012).[17][18] The mineral meurigite is named after him.[19]

Contents

BiographyEdit

Early life and educationEdit

Thomas was born and brought in the Gwendraeth Valley, Carmarthenshire, Wales,[6] near the mining town of Llanelli,[1] where his father and brother were miners.[20]

Thomas earned a BSc degree from the University College of Wales, Swansea (later Swansea University) in 1954,[8]:1, 480. He earned a PhD from Queen Mary College (later Queen Mary University of London) in 1958, working with Keble W. Sykes.[21][8]:1, 796

Personal lifeEdit

In 1959, John Meurig Thomas married Margaret Edwards with whom he had two daughters, Lisa and Naomi. Margaret Thomas died in 2002.[8]:6-8, 864[4]

In April 2010, Thomas married Jehane Ragai of the American University in Cairo; the events took place in Cambridge and London.[8]:13

The recreations he lists in Who's Who include ancient civilisations, bird watching, and Welsh literature.[1]

Early careerEdit

After a year's work for the United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority as scientific officer (1957-1958), Thomas joined the Department of Chemistry at the University College of North Wales (later Bangor University) as of September 1958.[8]:1 There he rose through the ranks from Assistant Lecturer (1958), to Lecturer (1959), to Senior Lecturer (1964) and then to Reader in 1965.[22][23] Thomas demonstrated the profound influence of dislocations and other structural imperfections upon the chemical, electronic, and surface properties of solids.[21][24]

In 1969 Thomas became Professor and Head of Chemistry at the University College of Wales, Aberystwyth,[7] where he broadened his interests in solid-state, surface and materials chemistry and pioneered new techniques for the application of electron microscopy in chemistry.[21] In 1977 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society.[3]

In 1978, Thomas succeeded Jack Linnett as Head of the Department of Physical Chemistry at the University of Cambridge[7][10][8]:856 (then a separate department from the Department of Chemistry, which covered Organic, Inorganic and Theoretical Chemistry). He also became a Professorial Fellow at King's College, Cambridge, holding both positions until 1986.[21]

Thomas continued developing new techniques in solid-state and materials science, and designing and synthesising new catalysts. For example, he extended his earlier electron microscopic and surface studies of minerals and intercalates to encompass the synthesis and structural determination of zeolitic materials by a combination of solid-state NMR, neutron scattering,[21] and real-space imaging.[24][10]

Director of the Royal InstitutionEdit

In 1986, Thomas succeeded Sir George Porter as Director of the Royal Institution of Great Britain, London.[7][25][8]:xx He also became the holder of the Michael Faraday chair, and the Director of the Davy Faraday Research Laboratory (DFRL).[8]:856 The Royal Institution was founded in 1799. Its earliest directors were Humphry Davy (1801-1825) and Michael Faraday (1825-1867). The Davy-Faraday Research Laboratory opened on 22 December 1896, with funding from Ludwig Mond. It was "unique of its kind, being the only public laboratory in the world solely devoted to research in pure science".[26][27]

At this time, Thomas began using synchrotron radiation and devised techniques which combine X-ray spectroscopy and high-resolution X-ray diffraction to determine the atomic structure of the active sites of solid catalysts under operating conditions.[7][8]:857 He also devised new mesoporous, microporous,[21] and molecular sieve catalysts.[24]

In 1987 the BBC televised Thomas' Royal Institution Christmas Lectures on crystals, continuing the tradition of lectures for children started by Faraday in 1825.[10][28] In 1991 Thomas published the book Michael Faraday and the Royal Institution: The Genius of Man and Place, which has since been translated into Japanese (1994) and Italian (2007).[8]:531 [7][29]

In 1991, Thomas resigned as Director of the Royal Institution and the Davy Faraday Research Laboratory, to be succeeded by Peter Day.[30][31]

Return to CambridgeEdit

After a period as Deputy Pro-Chancellor of the University of Wales (1991–1994), Thomas returned to Cambridge in 1993 as Master of Peterhouse, the oldest college of the university.[21][32] He was the first scientist to hold the position of Master of Peterhouse.[10]

In 1997 John Meurig Thomas co-authored the text Principles and Practice of Heterogeneous Catalysis with W. John Thomas (no relation).[15] In 1999 John Meurig Thomas was elected Honorary Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering[33] for work that "has profoundly added to the science-base of heterogeneous catalysis leading to the commercial exploitation of zeolites through engineering processes".[34]

Thomas is the author of some thirty patents,[6] some of which have made chemical processes more environmentally benign ("greener") by eliminating the use of solvents and reducing the number of manufacturing steps involved.[3] The single-step, solvent-free catalytic synthesis of ethyl acetate that he invented is the basis of a 200,000 ton/year plant in the UK, the largest of its kind in the world.[35][36] He has recently devised single-step, solvent-free processes for the production of caprolactam (the raw material for nylon-6) and vitamin B3 (niacin).[7]:52

As of 2002, Thomas stepped down from his position as Master of Peterhouse. He became Honorary Professor of Materials Science at the University of Cambridge[10] and Emeritus Professor of Chemistry at the Davy Faraday Research Laboratory of the Royal Institution.[23] He continued to be active in research at the Davy Faraday laboratory until 2006.[37][38]

Awards and honoursEdit

Thomas also holds an Honorary Distinguished Professorship of Materials Chemistry at Cardiff University,[34] an Honorary Distinguished Professorship of Materials Chemistry at the University of Southampton,[8]:xx and an Honorary Distinguished Professorship of Chemistry and Nanoscience at the University of York. He is an Advisory Professor at Shanghai Jiao Tong University as well as at the Catalysis Center of Hokkaido University.[39] He is an Honorary Bencher of Gray's Inn.[40]

Thomas has received twenty honorary degrees[41] from Australian, British, Canadian, Chinese, Dutch, Egyptian, French, Italian, Japanese, Spanish, and U.S. universities, including an Honorary Degree of Doctor of Science from the University of St Andrews in 2012.[10] He has been elected to honorary membership in over fifteen foreign academies, including the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (2013),[42] the American Philosophical Society (1992), the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1990),[8]:xxii the Accademia dei Lincei (Rome, 2012),[43] and the Russian Academy of Sciences (1994).[8]:xxii In 1993 he was elected a Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh[44].

Recent awards include the Kapitza Gold Medal from the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences (2011),[22] the Jayne Prize Lectureship of the American Philosophical Society (2011), the Bragg Prize Lectureship of the British Crystallographic Association (2010), the Sven Berggren Prize Lectureship, Lund (2010), the Ertl Prize Lectureship of the Max Planck Gesellschaft (2010), the Sir George Stokes Medal from the Royal Society of Chemistry (2005),[23] the Giulio Natta Gold Medal from the Società Chimica Italiana (2004),[8]:x the Linus Pauling Gold Medal from Stanford University (2003),[23] and the American Chemical Society Annual Award (first recipient) for Creative Research in Heterogeneous and Homogeneous Catalysis (1999).[8]:x He has won the Davy Medal of the Royal Society[3] and the Faraday Lectureship Prize (1989) of the Royal Society of Chemistry.[45] In 1995 he became the first British scientist in 80 years to be awarded the Willard Gibbs Award by the Chicago Section of the American Chemical Society.[46]

 
Yellowish-white hairy Meurigite on brown Ruifrancoite spheres

In recognition of his contributions to geochemistry, a new mineral, meurigite, was named after him in 1995 by the International Mineralogical Association.[47][48] A hydrated potassium iron phosphate, meurigite is described as "tabular, elongated crystals forming spherical and hemispherical clusters and drusy coatings. The colour ranges from creamy white to pale yellow and yellowish brown."[19] It is found in only a few locations worldwide, of which the designated type locality is the Santa Rita mine in New Mexico.[19]

Thomas's 75th birthday was celebrated at the University of Cambridge with a symposium and several musical and social events. It was attended by Angela Merkel and Ahmed Zewail. The papers presented were published in 2008 by the Royal Society of Chemistry as Turning Points in Solid-State, Materials and Surface Science: A Book in Celebration of the Life and Work of Sir John Meurig Thomas.[8]

In 2010 Imperial College Press published 4D Electron Microscopy: Imaging in Space and Time, which he co-authored with Ahmed Zewail (Nobel Laureate, Chemistry, 1999).[49] His most recent publication is Design and Applications of Single-Site Heterogeneous Catalysts: Contributions to Green Chemistry, Clean Technology and Sustainability (2012)[17]

In 2003, he was the first scientist to be awarded the Medal of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion (London) for services to Welsh culture and British public life.[9] He is also a Founding Fellow of the Learned Society of Wales[50] and a Member of its inaugural Council.[51] Since 2011 he has been a member of the Scientific Advisory Committee for Wales.[52] He is an overseer of the Science History Institute (Philadelphia), and a member of the International Advisory Board of the Zewail City of Science and Technology (Egypt).[53]

Thomas was also appointed as a Honorary Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering in 2013.[33] In 2016, he was conferred an Honorary Fellowship by Beijing Normal University-Hong Kong Baptist University United International College (UIC), in view of his distinguished achievements in catalysis and materials science, and his dedication and outstanding contributions to the popularisation of science.[41]

In October 2016, the Royal Society awarded Thomas the Royal Medal for Physical Sciences "for his pioneering work within catalytic chemistry, in particular on single-site heterogeneous catalysts, which have had a major impact on green chemistry, clean technology and sustainability."[3][54][13] The Duke of York represented Her Majesty the Queen at the ceremony.[55]

Also in 2016, the UK Catalysis Hub launched a new medal that "honours the achievements of Sir John Meurig Thomas, a distinguished professor in the field of catalysis."[56] The JMT Medal will be awarded every year, to a person working in the United Kingdom, for outstanding achievement in catalysis or a closely related field.[56]

Selected scientific publicationsEdit

BooksEdit

  • Thomas, John Meurig; Thomas, W. John (1967). Introduction to the Principles of Heterogeneous Catalysis. New York: Academic Press.[57]
  • Thomas, John M.; Phillips, Sir David, eds. (1990). Selections and reflections: the legacy of Sir Lawrence Bragg. Northwood, Middlesex: Science Reviews Ltd.[58]
  • Thomas, J. M. (1991). Michael Faraday and the Royal Institution : the genius of man and place. New York; Milton Park, Abington: Taylor & Francis Group. ISBN 9780750301459.
  • Thomas, J. M.; Zamaraev, K. I.; International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, eds. (1992). Perspectives in catalysis. Oxford ; Boston: Blackwell Scientific Publications. ISBN 9780632031658.
  • Thomas, John Meurig; Thomas, W. John (1997). Principles and practice of heterogeneous catalysis. Weinheim ; New York: VCH. ISBN 3527292888.[15]
  • Zewail, Ahmed H.; Thomas, John Meurig (24 December 2009). 4D electron microscopy : imaging in space and time. London: Imperial College Press. ISBN 1848164009.[49][59]
  • Thomas, John Meurig (2012). Design and applications of single-site heterogeneous catalysts : contributions to green chemistry, clean technology and sustainability. London: Imperial College Press.[18]
  • Thomas, John Meurig; Thomas, W. John (11 December 2014). Principles and practice of heterogeneous catalysis (2nd ed.). John Wiley & Sons - VCH. ISBN 352729239X.

Part 1: On the design and application of solid catalystsEdit

  • Sheet silicates: Broad spectrum catalysts for organic synthesis.[60](See also U.S. Patent 4,999,319 (1985), which is the basis of the world's largest solvent-free, single-step production of ethyl acetate.)
  • Uniform heterogeneous catalysts: The role of solid-state chemistry in their development and design.[61]
  • New micro-crystalline catalysts Bakerian Lecture 1990.[2]
  • Solid acid catalysts[62]
  • Heterogeneous catalysts obtained by grafting metallocene complexes onto mesoporous silica[63]
  • Design, synthesis and in situ characterisation of new solid catalysts[64](Linus Pauling Lecture, California Institute of Technology, March 1999 and Karl Ziegler Lecture, Max Planck Institute, Mülheim, November 1998.)
  • Molecular sieve catalysts for the regioselective and shape-selective oxyfunctionalization of alkanes in air[65]
  • Solvent-free routes to clean technology[66]
  • Constraining asymmetric organometallic catalysts within mesoporous supports boosts their enantioselectivity[67]
  • Highly efficient, one-step conversion of cyclohexane to adipic acid using single-site heterogeneous catalysts[68]
  • Design of a "green" one-step catalytic production of ε-caprolactam (precursor of nylon-6)[69] See also [70][71]
  • The advantages and future potential of single-site heterogeneous catalysts[72]
  • Single-site photocatalytic solids for the decomposition of undesirable molecules (Focus Article)[73]
  • Innovations in oxidation catalysis leading to a sustainable society[74]
  • Systematic enumeration of microporous solids: Towards designer catalysts[75]
  • Facile, one-step production of niacin (vitamin B3) and other nitrogen-containing pharmaceutical chemicals with a single-site heterogeneous catalyst[76]
  • Nanoporous oxidic solids: The confluence of heterogeneous and homogeneous catalysis[77](Based on a lecture at the Symposium of Molecular Frontiers held at the Swedish Academy of Sciences in May 2008).
  • Heterogeneous catalysis: Enigmas, illusions, challenges, realities, and emergent strategies of design[78]
  • Can a single atom serve as the active site in some heterogeneous catalysts?[79]
  • The principles of solid state chemistry hold the key to the successful design of heterogeneous catalysts for environmentally responsible processes[80]

Part 2: On new techniquesEdit

  • Tracing the conversion of aurichalcite to a copper catalyst by combined X-ray absorption and diffraction[81]
  • Review lecture: Topography and topology in solid-state chemistry[82]
  • Resolving crystallographically distinct tetrahedral sites in silicalite and ZSM-5 by solid-state NMR[83]
  • Revolutionary developments from atomic to extended structural imaging[84]
  • Nanotomography in the chemical, biological and materials sciences[85] see also[86][87]
  • Mono- bi- and multifunctional single sites: exploring the interface between heterogeneous and homogeneous catalysis[88]
  • The modern electron microscope: A cornucopia of chemico-physical insights[89]

ReferencesEdit

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  2. ^ a b Thomas, J. M. (1990). "The Bakerian Lecture, 1990: New Microcrystalline Catalysts". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences. 333 (1629): 173. Bibcode:1990RSPTA.333..173T. doi:10.1098/rsta.1990.0158.
  3. ^ a b c d e "John Meurig Thomas". The Royal Society. 2016. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
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  5. ^ Somorjai, G. A.; Roberts, M. W. (2003). "A Tribute to John Meurig Thomas: Llongyfarchiadau ar eich penblwydd". Topics in Catalysis. 24: 3. doi:10.1023/b:toca.0000003335.51469.58.
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  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Harris, Kenneth D. M.; Edwards, Peter P., eds. (2008). Turning Points in Solid-State, Materials and Surface Science: A Book in Celebration of the Life and Work of Sir John Meurig Thomas. Royal Society of Chemistry. pp. 856–857. ISBN 9781847558183.
  9. ^ a b "Symposium honours Professor Sir John Meurig Thomas". University of Cambridge. 13 December 2007. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
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  11. ^ Thomas, John Meurig (2017). Harris, Kenneth D. M. (ed.). The selected papers of Sir John Meurig Thomas. New Jersey: World Scientific. ISBN 978-1-78634-187-7. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  12. ^ John Meurig Thomas's publications indexed by the Scopus bibliographic database. (subscription required)
  13. ^ a b "Sir John Meurig Thomas awarded Royal Society's Royal Medal 2016". The Learned Society of Wales. 27 July 2016. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  14. ^ Thomas, J. M. (1991). Michael Faraday and the Royal Institution : the genius of man and place. New York; Milton Park, Abington: Taylor & Francis Group.
  15. ^ a b c Thomas, John Meurig; Thomas, W. John (1997). Principles and practice of heterogeneous catalysis. Weinheim ; New York: VCH. ISBN 3527292888.
  16. ^ Thomas, John Meurig; Thomas, W. John (11 December 2014). Principles and practice of heterogeneous catalysis. John Wiley & Sons - VCH. ISBN 352729239X.
  17. ^ a b Wells, Richard; McCue, Alan (1 January 2013). ""Design and Applications of Single-Site Heterogeneous Catalysts: Contributions to Green Chemistry, Clean Technology and Sustainability"". Platinum Metals Review. 57 (1): 44–45. doi:10.1595/147106713x660297. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  18. ^ a b Catlow, R. (2013). "Design and Applications of Single-Site Heterogeneous Catalysis. Prof. Sir John Meurig Thomas". ChemCatChem. 5 (7): 2058. doi:10.1002/cctc.201300368.
  19. ^ a b c Birch, William D.; Pring, Allan; Self, Peter G.; Gibbs, Ronald B.; Keck, Erich; Jensen, Martin C.; Foord, Eugene E. (5 July 2018). "Meurigite, a new fibrous iron phosphate resembling kidwellite". Mineralogical Magazine. 60 (402): 787–793. doi:10.1180/minmag.1996.060.402.08. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  20. ^ McBride, J. Michael (2017). "John Thomas and Yale". In Harris, Kenneth D. M. (ed.). The selected papers of Sir John Meurig Thomas. New Jersey: World Scientific. p. 568. ISBN 978-1-78634-187-7. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  21. ^ a b c d e f g Catlow, Richard; Cheetham, Anthony K. (November 1997). "Biography: John Meurig Thomas". The Journal of Physical Chemistry B. 101 (48): 9845–9847. doi:10.1021/jp970902v. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  22. ^ a b "Sir John Meurig Thomas". Angewandte Chemie International Edition. 52 (42): 10938–10940. 11 October 2013. doi:10.1002/anie.201303486. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  23. ^ a b c d "Curriculum Vitae, Awards and Honours Professor Sir JOHN MEURIG THOMAS" (PDF). Academia Europaea. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  24. ^ a b c "Plenary Speakers". Brisbane Australia, 1-6 JULY 2001 Congress Journal. World Chemistry Congress Brisbane Australia 1 - 6 July 2001. 2001. p. 25. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  25. ^ James, Frank A. J. L.; Peers, Anthony (June 2007). "Constructing Space for Science at the Royal Institution of Great Britain". Physics in Perspective. 9 (2): 130–185. doi:10.1007/s00016-006-0303-5. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  26. ^ Thomas, Sir John Meurig (21 March 2013). "The Royal Institute has produced some of the most important scientific discoveries of the last century - a revival is in order". The Independent. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  27. ^ "History of Research at the Ri". The Royal Institution. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  28. ^ "History of the CHRISTMAS LECTURES". The Royal Institution. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  29. ^ Pelosi, Giuseppe (2017). "Historical papers". URSI Radio Science Bulletin (363): 71–72. doi:10.23919/URSIRSB.2017.8409432. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  30. ^ "Directors of the Laboratory and DFRL". The Royal Institution. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  31. ^ James, Frank A. J. L. (2002). The common purposes of life : science and society at the Royal Institution of Great Britain. Burlington, Vt: Ashgate Pub. pp. 37–38. ISBN 9780754609605. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  32. ^ "Sir John Meurig Thomas Receives Honorary Doctorate". Chemistry Views. 3 June 2012. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  33. ^ a b "List of Fellows of the Royal Academy of Engineering". Royal Academy of Engineering.
  34. ^ a b "About Honours and Awards". The Royal Society. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  35. ^ "John Meurig Thomas". ChemEurope.com. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  36. ^ Thomas, John Meurig; Raja, Robert (2001). "Nanopore and nanoparticle catalysts". The Chemical Record. 1 (6): 448–466. doi:10.1002/tcr.10003. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  37. ^ Thomas, John Meurig (2017). "The RSC Faraday prize lecture of 1989 on platinum". Chemical Communications. 53 (66): 9185–9197. doi:10.1039/C7CC90240A.
  38. ^ Zecchina, Adriano; Califano, Salvatore (3 April 2017). Catalysis Science from the Onset to the Modern Days. John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated. ISBN 978-1119181262. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  39. ^ "A Citation for Honorary Fellow Professor Sir John Meurig THOMAS". United International College. 14 June 2016. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  40. ^ "Thisis a list of Honorary Benchers of Gray's Inn since 1883, when the Inn first used the title" (PDF). Gray’s Inn. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  41. ^ a b "UIC holds 8th Graduation Ceremony and Honorary Fellowship Conferment". United International College. 29 June 2016.
  42. ^ "IUPAC 2013 Distinguished Women in Chemistry or Chemical Engineering / New Members of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences". Angewandte Chemie International Edition. 52 (39): 10154–10155. 23 September 2013. doi:10.1002/anie.201305827. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  43. ^ "DETTAGLI DELLA MANIFESTAZIONE". Accademia dei Lincei. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  44. ^ "Sir John Meurig Thomas FRS HonFREng HonFRSE, FLSW - The Royal Society of Edinburgh". The Royal Society of Edinburgh. Retrieved 12 February 2018.
  45. ^ "Faraday Lectureship Prize Previous Winners". Royal Society of Chemistry. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  46. ^ "WILLARD GIBBS AWARD" (PDF). The Chemical Bulletin. American Chemical Society, Chicago Section (May): 3. 2017. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  47. ^ de Fourestier, J. (1 December 2002). "THE NAMING OF MINERAL SPECIES APPROVED BY THE COMMISSION ON NEW MINERALS AND MINERAL NAMES OF THE INTERNATIONAL MINERALOGICAL ASSOCIATION: A BRIEF HISTORY". The Canadian Mineralogist. 40 (6): 1721–1735. doi:10.2113/gscanmin.40.6.1721. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  48. ^ Jambor, John L.; Puziewicz, Jacek; Roberts, Andrew C. (1997). "New Mineral Names" (PDF). American Mineralogist. 82: 620–624. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  49. ^ a b Hovmöller, Sven (April 2011). "4D electron microscopy – imaging in space and time, by Ahmed H. Zewail and John M. Thomas". Crystallography Reviews. 17 (2): 153–155. doi:10.1080/0889311X.2010.520013. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  50. ^ "Yr Athro Syr John Meurig Thomas". The Learned Society of Wales. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  51. ^ "Wales gets a Learned Society to call its own". University of Wales. 25 May 2010. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  52. ^ "Internationally Respected Welsh Chemist to Speak at City Lecture". University of Wales. 1 April 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  53. ^ "Supreme Advisory Board (SAB)". Zewail City of Science and Technology. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  54. ^ "ARM technology creators among top scientists honoured by the Royal Society in 2016". The Royal Society. 19 July 2016. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  55. ^ Harris, Kenneth (23 October 2016). "Royal Medal for Sir John Meurig Thomas". Chemistry Views. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  56. ^ a b "JMT Medal". Catalysis Hub. 2017. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  57. ^ Flanagan, Ted B. (October 1968). "Introduction of the principles of heterogeneous catalysis (Thomas, J. M.; Thomas, W. J.)". Journal of Chemical Education. 45 (10): A843. doi:10.1021/ed045pA843. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  58. ^ "Book reviews: Selections and reflections: the legacy of Sir Lawrence Bragg". Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London. 46 (1): 196–198. January 1992. doi:10.1098/rsnr.1992.0019.
  59. ^ Browning, Nigel D. (15 December 2010). "4D Electron Microscopy: Imaging in Space and Time 4D Electron Microscopy: Imaging in Space and Time . By Ahmed H. Zewail (California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USA) and John M. Thomas (University of Cambridge, UK). Imperial College Press: London. xiii + 348 pp. $48. ISBN 978-1-84816-400-9". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 132 (49): 17642–17642. doi:10.1021/ja1091613. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  60. ^ Ballantine, J. A.; Purnell, J. H.; Thomas, J. M. (1984). "Sheet silicates: Broad spectrum catalysts for organic synthesis". Journal of Molecular Catalysis. 27: 157. doi:10.1016/0304-5102(84)85077-4.
  61. ^ Thomas, J. M. (1988). "Uniform Heterogeneous Catalysts: The Role of Solid-State Chemistry in their Development and Design". Angewandte Chemie International Edition in English. 27 (12): 1673. doi:10.1002/anie.198816731.
  62. ^ Thomas, S. J. M. (1992). "Solid Acid Catalysts". Scientific American. 266 (4): 112. Bibcode:1992SciAm.266d.112T. doi:10.1038/scientificamerican0492-112.
  63. ^ Maschmeyer, T.; Rey, F.; Sankar, G.; Thomas, J. M. (1995). "Heterogeneous catalysts obtained by grafting metallocene complexes onto mesoporous silica". Nature. 378 (6553): 159. Bibcode:1995Natur.378..159M. doi:10.1038/378159a0.
  64. ^ Thomas, J. M. (1999). "Design, Synthesis, and in Situ Characterization of New Solid Catalysts". Angewandte Chemie International Edition. 38 (24): 3588. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1521-3773(19991216)38:24<3588::AID-ANIE3588>3.0.CO;2-4.
  65. ^ Thomas, J. M.; Raja, R; Sankar, G; Bell, R. G. (2001). "Molecular sieve catalysts for the regioselective and shape- selective oxyfunctionalization of alkanes in air". Accounts of Chemical Research. 34 (3): 191–200. doi:10.1021/ar970020e. PMID 11263877.
  66. ^ Thomas, J. M.; Raja, R.; Sankar, G.; Johnson, B. F. G.; Lewis, D. W. (2001). "Solvent-Free Routes to Clean Technology". Chemistry: A European Journal. 7 (14): 2972. doi:10.1002/1521-3765(20010716)7:14<2972::AID-CHEM2972>3.0.CO;2-Z.
  67. ^ Raja, R; Thomas, J. M.; Jones, M. D.; Johnson, B. F.; Vaughan, D. E. (2003). "Constraining asymmetric organometallic catalysts within mesoporous supports boosts their enantioselectivity". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 125 (49): 14982–3. doi:10.1021/ja030381r. PMID 14653721.
  68. ^ Raja, R; Thomas, J. M.; Xu, M; Harris, K. D.; Greenhill-Hooper, M; Quill, K (2006). "Highly efficient one-step conversion of cyclohexane to adipic acid using single-site heterogeneous catalysts". Chemical communications (Cambridge, England) (4): 448–50. doi:10.1039/b513583d. PMID 16493832.
  69. ^ Thomas, J. M.; Raja, R. (2005). "Design of a "green" one-step catalytic production of -caprolactam (precursor of nylon-6)". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 102 (39): 13732. Bibcode:2005PNAS..10213732T. doi:10.1073/pnas.0506907102. PMC 1236590. PMID 16166260.
  70. ^ Raja, R.; Sankar, G.; Thomas, J. M. (2001). "Bifunctional Molecular Sieve Catalysts for the Benign Ammoximation of Cyclohexanone: One-Step, Solvent-Free Production of Oxime and ε-Caprolactam with a Mixture of Air and Ammonia". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 123 (33): 8153. doi:10.1021/ja011001.
  71. ^ Mokaya, R.; Poliakoff, M. (2005). "Chemistry: A cleaner way to nylon?". Nature. 437 (7063): 1243. doi:10.1038/4371243a. PMID 16251938.
  72. ^ Thomas, J. M.; Raja, R. (2006). "The advantages and future potential of single-site heterogeneous catalysts". Topics in Catalysis. 40: 3. doi:10.1007/s11244-006-0105-7.
  73. ^ Anpo, M; Thomas, J. M. (2006). "Single-site photocatalytic solids for the decomposition of undesirable molecules". Chemical Communications (31): 3273–8. doi:10.1039/b606738g. PMID 16883411.
  74. ^ Thomas, J.; Raja, R. (2006). "Innovations in oxidation catalysis leading to a sustainable society☆". Catalysis Today. 117: 22. doi:10.1016/j.cattod.2006.05.003.
  75. ^ Thomas, J. M.; Klinowski, J. (2007). "Systematic Enumeration of Microporous Solids: Towards Designer Catalysts". Angewandte Chemie International Edition. 46 (38): 7160. doi:10.1002/anie.200700666. PMID 17628479.
  76. ^ Raja, R; Thomas, J. M.; Greenhill-Hooper, M; Ley, S. V.; Almeida Paz, F. A. (2008). "Facile, one-step production of niacin (vitamin B3) and other nitrogen-containing pharmaceutical chemicals with a single-site heterogeneous catalyst". Chemistry: A European Journal. 14 (8): 2340–8. doi:10.1002/chem.200701679. PMID 18228543.
  77. ^ Thomas, J. M.; Hernandez-Garrido, J. C.; Raja, R; Bell, R. G. (2009). "Nanoporous oxidic solids: The confluence of heterogeneous and homogeneous catalysis". Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. 11 (16): 2799–825. Bibcode:2009PCCP...11.2799T. doi:10.1039/b819249a. PMID 19421495.
  78. ^ Thomas, J. M. (2008). "Heterogeneous catalysis: Enigmas, illusions, challenges, realities, and emergent strategies of design". The Journal of Chemical Physics. 128 (18): 182502. Bibcode:2008JChPh.128r2502T. doi:10.1063/1.2832309. PMID 18532787.
  79. ^ Thomas, J. M.; Saghi, Z.; Gai, P. L. (2011). "Can a Single Atom Serve as the Active Site in Some Heterogeneous Catalysts?". Topics in Catalysis. 54 (10–12): 588. doi:10.1007/s11244-011-9677-y.
  80. ^ Thomas, J. M. (2011). "The principles of solid state chemistry hold the key to the successful design of heterogeneous catalysts for environmentally responsible processes". Microporous and Mesoporous Materials. 146: 3. doi:10.1016/j.micromeso.2011.05.025.
  81. ^ Couves, J. W.; Thomas, J. M.; Waller, D.; Jones, R. H.; Dent, A. J.; Derbyshire, G. E.; Greaves, G. N. (1991). "Tracing the conversion of aurichalcite to a copper catalyst by combined X-ray absorption and diffraction". Nature. 354 (6353): 465. Bibcode:1991Natur.354..465C. doi:10.1038/354465a0.
  82. ^ Thomas, J. M. (1974). "Review Lecture: Topography and Topology in Solid-State Chemistry". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences. 277 (1268): 251. Bibcode:1974RSPTA.277..251T. doi:10.1098/rsta.1974.0051.
  83. ^ Fyfe, C. A.; Gobbi, G. C.; Klinowski, J.; Thomas, J. M.; Ramdas, S. (1982). "Resolving crystallographically distinct tetrahedral sites in silicalite and ZSM-5 by solid-state NMR". Nature. 296 (5857): 530. Bibcode:1982Natur.296..530F. doi:10.1038/296530a0.
  84. ^ Thomas, J. M. (2008). "Revolutionary Developments from Atomic to Extended Structural Imaging". Physical Biology. pp. 51–114. doi:10.1142/9781848162013_0004. ISBN 978-1-84816-199-3.
  85. ^ Midgley, P. A.; Ward, E. P. W.; Hungría, A. B.; Thomas, J. M. (2007). "Nanotomography in the chemical, biological and materials sciences". Chemical Society Reviews. 36 (9): 1477. doi:10.1039/B701569K.
  86. ^ Midgley, P. A.; Weyland, M.; Thomas, J. M.; Johnson, B. F. G. (2001). "Z-Contrast tomography: A technique in three-dimensional nanostructural analysis based on Rutherford scattering". Chemical Communications (10): 907. doi:10.1039/B101819C.
  87. ^ Thomas, J. M.; Johnson, B. F. G.; Raja, R.; Sankar, G.; Midgley, P. A. (2003). "High-Performance Nanocatalysts for Single-Step Hydrogenations". Accounts of Chemical Research. 36: 20. doi:10.1021/ar990017q.
  88. ^ Thomas, J. M.; Raja, R. (2010). "Mono-, Bi- and Multifunctional Single-Sites: Exploring the Interface Between Heterogeneous and Homogeneous Catalysis". Topics in Catalysis. 53 (13–14): 848. doi:10.1007/s11244-010-9517-5.
  89. ^ Thomas, J. M.; Midgley, P. A. (2011). "The modern electron microscope: A cornucopia of chemico-physical insights". Chemical Physics. 385: 1. Bibcode:2011CP....385....1T. doi:10.1016/j.chemphys.2011.04.023.

External linksEdit

Cultural offices
Preceded by
Sir George Porter
Director of the Royal Institution
1986–1991
Succeeded by
Peter Day
Academic offices
Preceded by
The Very Rev'd Henry Chadwick
Master of Peterhouse, Cambridge
1993–2002
Succeeded by
Lord Wilson of Tillyorn