John Cradock Maples, Baron Maples (22 April 1943 – 9 June 2012) was a British politician. A member of the Conservative Party, he served as a Member of Parliament (MP) representing Lewisham West from 1983 to 1992 and Stratford-upon-Avon from 1997 to 2010. He was made a life peer in 2010.
The Lord Maples
|Shadow Foreign Secretary|
15 June 1999 – 2 February 2000
|Preceded by||Michael Howard|
|Succeeded by||Francis Maude|
|Shadow Secretary of State for Defence|
1 June 1998 – 15 June 1999
|Preceded by||George Young|
|Succeeded by||Iain Duncan Smith|
|Shadow Secretary of State for Health|
19 June 1997 – 1 June 1998
|Preceded by||Stephen Dorrell|
|Succeeded by||Ann Widdecombe|
|Economic Secretary to the Treasury|
26 October 1989 – 9 April 1992
|Prime Minister||Margaret Thatcher|
|Preceded by||Richard Ryder|
|Succeeded by||Anthony Nelson|
|Member of Parliament|
2 May 1997 – 12 April 2010
|Preceded by||Alan Howarth|
|Succeeded by||Nadhim Zahawi|
|Member of Parliament|
for Lewisham West
10 June 1983 – 16 March 1992
|Preceded by||Christopher Price|
|Succeeded by||Jim Dowd|
|Born||22 April 1943|
|Died||9 June 2012(aged 69)|
|Spouse(s)||Lawry Kennedy (1976–1980)|
Jane Corbin (1986–2012)
|Children||2 (with Corbin)|
|Alma mater||Downing College, Cambridge|
City Law School
John Cradock Maples was born at Fareham, Hampshire. His father, a businessman, lived in the Wirral; he was educated at Marlborough College, before going up to Downing College, Cambridge where he read Law, and played hockey for the college and performed with the Footlights. Maples received an MA in 1964, and later studied at the Harvard Business School. He was called to the Bar at the Inner Temple in 1965.
1983–1992: MP for Lewisham WestEdit
Maples was the MP for Lewisham West from 1983, until he lost the seat at the 1992 general election. His business background attracted him to the Treasury benches: Margaret Thatcher appointed him Parliamentary Private Secretary to Norman Lamont, then Economic Secretary to the Treasury. On Nigel Lawson's resignation in 1989, Lamont was made Chief Secretary to the Treasury, with Maples moving up to take Lamont's former role. During his time as Economic Secretary from 1989 to 1990, Maples was instrumental in working with David Cameron on the policy to enter the Exchange Rate Mechanism, with the pound sterling pegged designed to track the German deutschmark. In 1990, Maples had been appointed as Economic Secretary before the change of Prime Ministers. He dealt with the BCCI (Bank of Credit and Commerce International) case. The Arab bank was based in London, and fell prey to the subsequent Arms to Iraq scandals and collapsed, bankrupting its depositors. He was also responsible for monitoring the Bank of England's monetary policy, which included bank regulation.
At the 1992 general election he lost the Lewisham seat to Labour. He returned to the House of Commons at the following general election, in 1997; in the interim he was Chairman of Saatchi and Saatchi, the advertising and lobbying group, which had supported Thatcher.
1997–2010: MP for Stratford-on-AvonEdit
In 1995, after Stratford-upon-Avon MP Alan Howarth defected to Labour, Maples won the selection battle to replace him as Conservative candidate for the constituency, defeating local resident Maureen Hicks, former MP for Wolverhampton North East, who had likewise lost her seat in 1992. Maples went on to be elected for the seat, which was one of the Conservatives' safest, in 1997. He was re-elected in both the 2001 and 2005 general elections.
Maples was a member of William Hague's shadow cabinet from 1997 to 2000, holding the Health, Defence and Foreign Policy briefs in succession. While Shadow Foreign Secretary, he was caught apparently calling for Britain to help Vladimir Putin in the Second Chechen War. by saying that "because there is nothing we can do about it anyway."
In the reshuffle prompted by the return of Michael Portillo to the front bench, he lost his job to Francis Maude and left the shadow cabinet. Maples had been widely believed to be one of the main "plotters" behind the downfall of former Conservative party leader Iain Duncan Smith.
He returned to front bench politics in a minor reshuffle in November 2006, when David Cameron appointed him Deputy Chairman of the Conservative Party with responsibility for candidate selection. He replaced ex-shadow cabinet minister Bernard Jenkin. Because of Cameron's high-profile attempts to have more female and minority candidates selected, which met with some opposition from local parties, the post was seen as an important one. Maples was a Cameron loyalist, and elevated to the House of Lords in July 2010. While an MP, Maples was president of the Conservative Friends of Israel.
In the 2009 MP's expenses scandal it emerged that Maples had claimed the Royal Automobile Club as his principal residence though according to his obituary he immediately denied any wrongdoing. On 10 January 2010, Maples announced that he would stand down from the House of Commons at the general election which was held that May.
2010–2012: Life peerEdit
In the dissolution Honours List, John Maples, on 24 July 2010, was created Lord Maples of Stratford-upon-Avon in the County of Warwickshire.
During a Lords debate on voting reform in November 2010, Lord Maples compared Lewisham West unfavourably with his other former constituency, Stratford-upon-Avon, stating that they "could not be more different". He claimed that Lewisham West was "three square miles of concrete", did not have an "identity", and that many of its constituents "did not know which borough they lived in". He added that Stratford-upon-Avon had a "very articulate" electorate and Lewisham West had "immigration and housing problems". Lord Maples was working on the Financial Services Bill from the joint Parliamentary Finance Committee.
Maples married designer Lawry Kennedy (b. 1946 - d. 1982), who was one of the first people, and first women, to renovate early 1900s brick townhouses to help gentrify abandoned and rundown neighborhoods in Boston and London. They married on the Rhode Island oceanfront in July 1976 and she divorced him in July 1980. He married journalist Jane Corbin in December 1986 in Westminster. The couple had a son in 1989 and a daughter in 1992.
- "BBC News – Former Conservative MP and minister John Maples dies aged 69". BBC News. BBC. 11 June 2012. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
- "Lord Maples". The Telegraph. London. 12 June 2012. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
- "Tories: Help Russia win in Chechnya". BBC News Online. 2 January 2000.
- cited in Hansard reports of Parliamentary Debates; Daily Telegraph, 13 June 2012, p.27.
- "View from the grassroots". BBC Online. 29 October 2003. Retrieved 23 January 2009.
- The Daily Telegraph, 13 June 2012, p.27.
- Anthony Lawson, Friends of Israel, 21 November 2010, at the 2:23 min mark.
- Prince, Rosa (14 May 2009). "John Maples claims Pall Mall club as main home: MPs' expenses". London: The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 10 January 2010.
- Prince, Rosa (15 May 2009). "John Maples fails to explain as 'main home' row grows: MPs' expenses". London: The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 10 January 2010.
- "Deputy Tory chairman John Maples to step down as MP". BBC News Online. 11 January 2010.
- Department of the Official Report (Hansard), House of Lords, Westminster (24 June 2010). "Lords Hansard text for 24 June 2010 (pt 0001)". Publications.parliament.uk. Retrieved 11 June 2012.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
- Andy Bloxham (20 November 2010). "Former MP for Lewisham describes it as 'three miles of concrete'". Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 27 November 2014.
- Daily Telegraph, p.27
- Guardian Unlimited Politics – Ask Aristotle: John Maples MP
- TheyWorkForYou.com – John Maples MP
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by John Maples
- Interview on On The Record in December 1999
- BBC Politics page
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament
for Lewisham West
| Member of Parliament
| Economic Secretary to the Treasury
| Shadow Secretary of State for Health
| Shadow Secretary of State for Defence
Iain Duncan Smith
| Shadow Foreign Secretary