John Lyttelton, 9th Viscount Cobham
John Cavendish Lyttelton, 9th Viscount Cobham, 9th Baron Cobham, 6th Baron Lyttelton, 6th Baron Westcote, KCB, DL (23 October 1881 – 31 July 1949), was a British peer, soldier, and Conservative politician from the Lyttelton family.
Cobham was the eldest son of Charles Lyttelton, 8th Viscount Cobham, and The Hon. Mary Susan Caroline Cavendish, daughter of William Cavendish, 2nd Baron Chesham. Alfred Lyttelton was his uncle. He was educated at Eton. Like his father and his uncle, Cobham was a successful cricketer. He represented Worcestershire County Cricket Club in three first-class matches during 1924-5. He was President of Marylebone Cricket Club in 1935, again emulating his father and uncle.
Lyttelton was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Rifle Brigade on 4 December 1901, and served with the regiment in the Second Boer War in South Africa. He returned home with the SS Kinfauns Castle after the war had ended, leaving Cape Town in early August 1902. After a couple of months on leave, during which there were formal celebrations as he attained his majority, he re-joined the regiment in South Africa in late 1902. From 1905 to 1908 he was again back in South Africa as aide-de-camp to the High Commissioner.
Lyttelton was elected to the House of Commons for Droitwich in the January 1910 general election, a seat he held until his resignation 1916 (being appointed Steward and Bailiff of the Manor of Northstead). During the First World War he fought at Gallipoli and in Egypt, the Sinai and Palestine, achieving the rank of lieutenant colonel. He succeeded his father as ninth Viscount Cobham in 1922 and entered the House of Lords. In 1939 he was appointed Under-Secretary of State for War in the government of Neville Chamberlain, a position he retained until May 1940. Apart from his political and military career he was also Lord Lieutenant of Worcestershire from 1923 to 1949.
Marriage and childrenEdit
Cobham married Violet, daughter of Charles Leonard, on 30 June 1908. They had five children together:
- Charles John Lyttelton, 10th Viscount Cobham (8 August 1909-20 March 1977)
- Hon Meriel Catherine Lyttelton (1 May 1911-11 November 1930)
- Hon Viola Maud Lyttelton (10 June 1912-3 May 1987), married Robert Grosvenor, 5th Duke of Westminster
- Hon Audrey Lavinia Lyttelton (3 August 1918-3 March 2007)
- Hon Lavinia Mary Yolande Lyttelton (21 August 1921-4 July 2007)
Cobham died in July 1949, aged 67, and was succeeded in his titles by his son Charles, who later served as Governor-General of New Zealand. Lord Cobham is buried in the Lyttleton family plot at St John the Baptist Church, Hagley. Lady Cobham died in 1966.
This article needs additional citations for verification. (June 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- "The Army in South Africa - Return of Troops". The Times (36846). London. 14 August 1902. p. 8.
- "Court Circular". The Times (36907). London. 24 October 1902. p. 8.
- The Peerage, entry for 9th Viscount Cobham
- Kidd, Charles; Williamson, David, eds. (1990), Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage, New York: St Martin's Press, p. [page needed]
- Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages – Peerages beginning with "C" (part 5)[self-published source][better source needed]
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "D" (part 3)
- Lundy, Darryl, John Cavendish Lyttelton, 9th Viscount Cobham, The Peerage[unreliable source]
- John Lyttelton, cricinfo.com, retrieved September 2012 Check date values in:
|accessdate=(help) contains his Wisden obituary from the Wisden Cricketers' Almanack
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Viscount Cobham
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament for Droitwich
The Earl of Munster
| Under-Secretary of State for War
Sir Henry Croft, Bt
The Earl of Coventry
| Lord Lieutenant of Worcestershire
Sir William Tennant
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
Charles George Lyttelton
| Viscount Cobham
Charles John Lyttelton