John Langdon Bonython
Sir Langdon Bonython
|Member of the Australian Parliament|
for South Australia
30 March 1901 – 16 December 1903
|Member of the Australian Parliament|
16 December 1903 – 8 November 1906
|Preceded by||New seat|
|Succeeded by||John Livingston|
|Born||15 October 1848|
|Died||22 October 1939 (aged 91)|
Adelaide, South Australia
|Political party||Protectionist Party|
|Spouse(s)||Mary Louisa Fredericka Balthasar|
- This article is about Sir John Langdon Bonython (1848-1939)
Sir John Langdon Bonython KCMGKCMG (//; 15 October 1848 – 22 October 1939), editor, newspaper proprietor, philanthropist, Australian politician and journalist, was a Member of the First Australian Parliament, and was editor of the Adelaide daily morning broadsheet, The Advertiser, for 35 years.
Bonython was born in London in 1848, the second son of George Langdon Bonython (1820–1909), a carpenter and builder, and Annie MacBain (1824–1906). His siblings were George Langdon Bonython (1846–) and Alfred MacBain Bonython (1865–1954). The family migrated to South Australia in July 1854 where Bonython was educated at the Brougham School in North Adelaide. In 1870 he married Mary Louisa Fredericka Balthasar (Marie Louise Friedrike, or Marie Louise Frederica); they had eight children of whom three daughters and three sons survived infancy.
When he was sixteen, Bonython took a job at The Advertiser, where he was well regarded as a hard worker. In 1879, he became a part proprietor of The Advertiser.
In 1894, Bonython became the sole proprietor and editor of The Advertiser, positions which he held for a further 35 years. During this time, the weekly Chronicle and the evening Express newspapers were added to The Advertiser.
He retired from his newspapers in 1929, after 65 years' service. On 12 January 1929, Adelaide paper The Mail announced that Langdon Bonython had sold The Advertiser for £1,250,000 to a group of Melbourne financiers, but had retained a considerable interest.
Throughout his career, Bonython had avoided local politics, but after Federation in 1901 he was nominated to represent the single statewide Division of South Australia as a Protectionist in the Australian House of Representatives at the 1901 election. He ultimately finished second in the poll and was one of seven members elected. At that time, South Australia was a single electorate with multiple members.
At the 1903 election, Bonython was elected unopposed for the newly created Division of Barker. In 1904, he was a member of the Select Committee on old-age pensions, as well as the Royal Commission on the same subject in 1905-1906.
Bonython did not stand for reelection at the 1906 election, and retired from politics. In 1908 he was appointed a Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG) "In recognition of service to the Commonwealth of Australia".
Public service and philanthropyEdit
In 1883, Bonython was elected chairman of the Adelaide School Advisory Board. In 1889 he became the president of the council for the South Australian School of Mines and Industries, a position he held until his death. He often assisted the school with his own money, and provided the funds for the chemical and metallurgical laboratories there.
He was knighted in 1898.
He was appointed one of fourteen trustees under the soldiers' repatriation programme of 1916, and one of seven commissioners under the Australian Soldiers Repatriation Act 1917.
Bonython joined the council of the University of Adelaide in 1916, and donated over £50,000 for the construction of a hall, and £20,000 to fund a Chair in law. From 1916 to 1926, Bonython was also the deputy chairman of the South Australian advisory council of education. He donated £100,000 towards the construction of Parliament House in Adelaide.
In 1919 he was appointed Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG) "In recognition of service to the Commonwealth".
Bonython was vice-president of the Royal Institution of Cornwall from 1900 until becoming president from 1932–33, succeeding Viscount Falmouth. Despite living in Australia, and being unable to visit Cornwall during his presidency, he became one of the most active and hard working presidents that the institution had had. In 1931 he gave £2,000 to the Royal Cornwall Museum building fund and the Bonython gallery on the ground floor was named in his honour.
- Bonython Hall
Bonython died in 1939, leaving an estate of over £4,000,000, which at the time was estimated to be one of the largest of any Australian. Beneficiaries under his will included the Pirie Street Methodist Church, where he always worshipped and of which he was a trustee; St Peter's Cathedral, to which he donated the cost of the canons' and choir stalls in 1925 in memory of his wife who had died the previous year; and the Salvation Army.
On 24 December 1870 Bonython married Mary Louisa Fredericka Balthasar ( – 9 February 1924) in Adelaide. She is also referred to in various references as "Marie Louise Friedrike", "Marie Louise Frederica", and after Langdon's knighthood in 1898, Lady Bonython.
They had eight children of whom three daughters and three sons survived infancy. Outliving his wife and four of his children, he was survived by three daughters and one son, (John Lavington Bonython).
His children included:
- (1872-1873) Clive Hereward Bonython
- (1874-1956) Mary Elsie Bonython, later Lady Parsons. (2 children)
- (1875–1960) Sir John Lavington Bonython who was a Lord Mayor of Adelaide. (2 marriages, 6 children)
- (1877-?) Edith Annie Bonython
- (1879–1915) Hugh Trevarnon Bonython died 10 March 1915, only three weeks after his wife.
- (1881-?) Ada Langdon Bonython
Bonython was descended from an old Cornish family, well known in Tudor and Stuart times. Inspired by his grandmother, Bonython took an interest in his heritage. He had a fine library of books on Cornish history and was patron of the South Australian Cornish Association and a member of the Royal Institution of Cornwall. Although he acquired some family relics, he deeply regretted that he could not buy back Bonython Manor, the family seat in Cornwall. After purchasing a large mansion in North Adelaide in 1908, he renamed it 'Carclew' after the area in Cornwall which his ancestors were from.
Bonython told The Literary Digest: "It is a Cornish name and the accent is on the second syllable: Bon-y'thon, y as in spy. The ancient family located at Bonython in the Lizard district at a very early period. Existing deeds show that Stephen Bonython was in possession of the family lands in 1277."
References and notesEdit
- Charles Earle Funk, What's the Name, Please? (Funk & Wagnalls, 1936).
- W. B. Pitcher, Bonython, Sir John Langdon (1848–1939), Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 7, Melbourne University Press, 1979, pp 339-341
- Serle, Percival (1949). "Bonython, John Langdon". Dictionary of Australian Biography. Sydney: Angus and Robertson. Retrieved 19 November 2008.
- "Family Notices". The Advertiser. Adelaide: National Library of Australia. 11 February 1924. p. 8. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
- "Sir Langdon Bonython Sells 'The Advertiser' for More Than £1,000,000". The Mail. Trove (trove.nla.gov.au). 12 January 1929. p. 1. Retrieved 17 June 2012.
- Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George 9 November 1908 Citation: In recognition of service to the Commonwealth of Australia
- "Bonython Hall" is the Great Hall of the University of Adelaide. It is located on North Terrace, Adelaide opposite Pulteney Street.
- Parliament House is located on the corner of North Terrace and King William Street, Adelaide.
- The South Australian Story, Advertiser Newspapers Ltd, Griffin Press, Adelaide, South Australia, 1958.
- KCMG 3 June 1919 Citation: In recognition of service to the Commonwealth
- Journal of the Royal Institution of Cornwall, Volume XXIV, Parts 1 and 2, 1933-34
- Journal of the Royal Institution of Cornwall, Volume XXIII, Parts 3 and 4, 1931-32.
- "The Kindergarten Movement". The Register. Adelaide: National Library of Australia. 28 September 1905. p. 4. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
- "The State Children's Council". The Advertiser. Adelaide: National Library of Australia. 11 February 1913. p. 12. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
- Family tree, www.mundia.com/au
- On 18 April 1900 in the Pirie Street Methodist Church, Mary Elsie Bonython married Sir Herbert Angas Parsons (1872-1945), judge and politician. "Parsons spent many hours at the Adelaide Club, preferring its convivial atmosphere to his wife's Methodism". "Survived by Lady Parsons and their two sons, he died of cirrhosis of the liver". (Kwan, Australian Dictionary of Biography, vol.11 pp.148-150.)
- Elizabeth Kwan, Parsons, Sir Herbert Angas (1872–1945), Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 11, Melbourne University Press, 1988, pp 148-150.
- W. B. Pitcher, Bonython, Sir John Lavington (1875–1960), Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 7, Melbourne University Press, 1979, pp 341-342.
- Funeral notices The Advertiser (Adelaide) 15 February 1915 pg.2
- Death of Mr. Hugh Bonython Barrier Miner (Broken Hill, NSW) 10 March 1915 p.4
- Carclew Website
- Dunkerley Family Web Pages – The Bards of the Gorseth of Cornwall in Australia
- Mennell, Philip (1892). " Bonython, John Langdon". The Dictionary of Australasian Biography. London: Hutchinson & Co. Wikisource
|Parliament of Australia|
|New division|| Member for South Australia
Served alongside: Batchelor, Glynn, Holder, Kingston, Poynton, Solomon
|New division|| Member for Barker