John L. Throckmorton

John Lathrop Throckmorton (February 28, 1913 – February 13, 1986) was a general in the United States Army

John L. Throckmorton
John L Throckmorton.jpg
General John Lathrop Throckmorton
Born(1913-02-28)February 28, 1913
Kansas City, Missouri
DiedFebruary 13, 1986(1986-02-13) (aged 72)
Washington, D.C.
AllegianceUnited States
Service/branchUnited States Army
Years of service1935–1973
Commands heldUnited States Strike Command
Third United States Army
XVIII Airborne Corps
82nd Airborne Division
Battles/warsWorld War II
Korean War
Vietnam War
AwardsDistinguished Service Cross
Army Distinguished Service Medal (3)
Silver Star
Legion of Merit (2)
Bronze Star Medal

Early lifeEdit

Throckmorton was born in Kansas City, Missouri, on February 28, 1913. After graduating from Culver Military Academy in 1931 he attended and graduated from the United States Military Academy on June 12, 1935, and was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the infantry.

Military careerEdit

In World War II, Throckmorton was assigned to the G3 Section, First Army in the European Theater from 1943 to 1946. After the war, he served in the TAC Department at West Point from 1946 to 1949. He took command of a battalion in the 5th Regimental Combat Team in Hawaii from 1949 to 1950 and later became the regimental combat team commander from 1950 to 1951 during the Korean War. After the war, he attended the National War College in 1954, and later became Commandant of Cadets at the United States Military Academy at West Point from 1956 to 1959.

Throckmorton served from 1959 to 1960 as Assistant Commanding General, 101st Airborne Division, followed by an assignment as Secretary General Staff, Office of the Chief of Staff Army from 1960 to 1962. He took command of the 82nd Airborne Division from 1962 to 1964, then deployed to Vietnam as Deputy Commander, Military Assistance Command, Vietnam, from 1964 to 1965. His service in Vietnam was followed by an assignment as Deputy Commander, Office of the Chief Army Reserve from 1965 to 1966.

Throckmorton also served a tour of duty in 1967, commanding Task Force Detroit during the Detroit riots.[1]

As commanding general of XVIII Airborne Corps (right), discussing Joint Operation Clove Hitch III with Second Fleet commander Bernard A. Clarey (right), April 1967.

Throckmorton held successive commands as Commanding General, XVIII Airborne Corps (1967); Commanding General, Third United States Army, (1967–1969); and Commander in Chief, United States Strike Command, (1969–1973).

Throckmorton retired in Fayetteville, North Carolina in 1973. He died on February 13, 1986 and was buried at Arlington National Cemetery next to his wife, Regina Theresa Higgins, whom he married on October 16, 1937. The library at Fort Bragg is named in his honor.[2]


  1. ^ "[Text of ] Final Report of Cyrus R. Vance Concerning the Detroit Riots". Archived from the original on 7 June 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-24. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ Fort Bragg MWR – John L. Throckmorton Library Archived 2007-06-07 at the Wayback Machine

External linksEdit

  This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Government document: "[1]".

Military offices
Preceded by
Louis W. Truman
Commanding General of the Third United States Army
Succeeded by
Albert O. Connor