John II of Cyprus

John II or III of Cyprus (16 May 1418 – 28 July 1458) was the King of Cyprus and Armenia and also titular King of Jerusalem from 1432 to 1458. He was previously a titular Prince of Antioch.

John II
King of Cyprus
Reign29 June 1432 – 28 July 1458
PredecessorJanus
SuccessorCharlotte
Born(1418-05-16)16 May 1418
Died28 July 1458(1458-07-28) (aged 40)
SpouseAmadea Palaiologina of Montferrat
Helena Palaiologina
Issue
HousePoitiers-Lusignan
FatherJanus, King of Cyprus
MotherCharlotte of Bourbon

HistoryEdit

Born 16 May 1418 in Nicosia, John was the son of king Janus of Cyprus and Charlotte of Bourbon.[1] In May, sometime between 1435 and 1440, he married Amadea Palaiologina of Monferrato, daughter of John Jacob Palaiologos, Marquess of Montferrat. They had no children. His second wife, a distant relative of his first, was Helena Palaiologina,[2] only child and daughter of Theodore II Palaiologos, Despot of the Morea, and his wife Cleofa Malatesta

By his second marriage he had:

John died in Nicosia on 28 July 1458 and his daughter Charlotte succeeded to the throne. During his rule, Corycus, the only Cypriot stronghold in mainland Anatolia, was lost to the Karamanids in 1448.

John had an illegitimate son by Marietta de Patras[4]

John appointed James, Archbishop of Nicosia at the age of 16. James did not prove ideal archbishop material, and was stripped of his title after murdering the royal chamberlain. His father eventually forgave him and restored him to the Archbishopric. James and Helena were enemies, vying for influence over John. After Helena died in 1458, it appeared that John would appoint James as his successor, but John died before he could make it so.

 
coat-of-arms of Lusignan of Cyprus, Jerusalem and Lesser Armenia

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Murray 2006, p. 687.
  2. ^ Samson & Demetriou 2015, p. 9.
  3. ^ Boustronios 2005, p. 48.
  4. ^ a b Letts 2017, p. 252.

SourcesEdit

  • Boustronios, Georgios (2005). A Narrative of the Chronicle of Cyprus: 1456-1489. State University of New York Press.
  • Letts, Malcolm, ed. (2017). The Pilgrimage of Arnold Von Harff, Knight, from Cologne: Through Italy, Syria, Egypt, Arabia, Ethiopia, Nubia, Palestine, Turkey, France and Spain, which He Accomplished in the Years 1496-1499. Taylor & Francis.
  • Murray, Alan V., ed. (2006). The Crusades: An Encyclopedia. Vol. 2. ABC-CLIO.
  • Samson, Jim; Demetriou, Nicoletta, eds. (2015). Music in Cyprus. Ashgate Publishing Limited.


Regnal titles
Preceded by King of Cyprus
1432–1458
Succeeded by
— TITULAR —
King of Jerusalem
King of Armenian Cilicia

1432–1458