John II, Duke of Cleves

John II, "The Babymaker", Duke of Cleves, Count of Mark, (German: Johann II. "der Kindermacher", Herzog von Kleve, Graf von Mark) (13 April 1458 – 15 March 1521) was a son of John I, Duke of Cleves and Elizabeth of Nevers.[1] He ruled Cleves from 1481 to his death in 1521. He was called "The Babymaker" as he had fathered sixty-three illegitimate children [2] prior to his marriage with Mathilde of Hesse in 1489, who was the daughter of Henry III, Landgrave of Upper Hesse and his wife Anna of Katzenelnbogen.[3]

John II, Duke of Cleves
Johann II von Kleve (Ausschnitt).jpg
John II, Duke of Cleves
Born(1458-04-13)13 April 1458
Died15 March 1521(1521-03-15) (aged 62)
Noble familyLa Marck
Spouse(s)Mathilde of Hesse
IssueJohn III, Duke of Cleves


63 others
FatherJohn I, Duke of Cleves
MotherElizabeth of Nevers

They had three children :



  1. ^ Boltanski 2006, p. 501.
  2. ^ La Societe Numismatique, Revue de la numismatique belge, Brussels, 1863, page 234
  3. ^ John Morby, Dynasties of the World: a chronological and genealogical handbook (Oxford, Oxfordshire, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1989), page 135.
  4. ^ a b Ward, Prothero & Leathes 1934, p. table 38.


  • Boltanski, Ariane (2006). Les ducs de Nevers et l'État royal: genèse d'un compromis (ca 1550 - ca 1600) (in French). Librairie Droz S.A.
  • Ward, A.W.; Prothero, G.W.; Leathes, Stanley, eds. (1934). The Cambridge Modern History. Vol. XIII. Cambridge at the University Press.

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John II, Duke of Cleves
Born: 13 April 1458 Died: 15 March 1521
Preceded by Duke of Cleves, Count of Mark
Succeeded by